UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 3, September

38th Floor: Security Council Concludes 'Agenda for Peace' Meetings
The Security Council has concluded a nine-month review of Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's wide-ranging strategy "An Agenda for Peace", urging all States to make participation in and support for international peace-keeping a part of their...
900-Person Electoral Division to Monitor March 1994 Elections
A new 900-person electoral division for the UN Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) has been approved by the Security Council to monitor the electoral process in El Salvador. Voting, scheduled to take place in March 1994, would be the "logical...
Africa: Rich in Resources, Developing Its Potential
Ahmedou Ould Abdallah of Mauritania is the Special Coordinator for Africa and the Least Developed Countries, as well as the Secretary of the Panel of High-level Personalities on African Development. The UN Chronicle spoke with him about new approaches...
Challenges to UN Decisions Scrutinized; Baghdad Sites Attacked after Assassination Plot
Baghdad sites attacked after assassination plot Iraq remained unwilling to comply with its obligations under UN Security Council resolutions adopted after the Persian Gulf war - a "most unwelcome trend" - the Executive Chairman of the UN Special...
Commission Recommends Guidelines on Regional Approaches
New guidelines for regional approaches to disarmament within the context of global security were recommended for approval to the General Assembly by the Disarmament Commission at the conclusion of its 1993 session (19 April-10 May, New York). In...
Commission Sets Priorities: Prevention, Treatment and Social Integration
Governments have been urged to give priority to preventing drug abuse and to the treatment and social reintegration of drug abusers. in one of 22 resolutions approved by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its thirty-sixth session (Vienna, 29 March-7...
Foreign Direct Investment: An 'Important Catalyst.' (Includes Related Article on UN Report on Transnational Corporations) (United Nations Developments)
The importance of foreign direct investment, particularly of transnational corporations (TNCs), in integration of economies in transition into the world economy was stressed by the Commission on Transnational Corporations at its nineteenth session...
In an Angry World ... Suffer the Children
They are the innocent victims of some 40 raging conflicts in the world - approximately 1.5 million children killed, more than 4 million disabled, 5 million in refugee camps and 12 million homeless. A recent United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)...
New Commission Builds on Earth Summit Legacy
One year after the "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro focused world attention on the environment, the new Commission on Sustainable Development met for its first substantive session (New York, 14-25 June) to discuss how to monitor Agenda 21 - the Summit's...
New UN Mission to Monitor African Borders
The Security Council on 22 June decided to establish the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR), to be deployed on the Ugandan side of the border to verify that no military assistance reached Rwanda. By unanimously adopting resolution...
Outer Space Committee: Environmental Monitoring, UNISPACE III Discussed
Use of space technology for protecting the Earth and space environment, particularly environmental monitoring for sustainable development to follow up recommendations of the June 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development, was highlighted by...
Prospects for Non-Racial Democracy 'Encouraging' despite Difficulties
Despite continuing difficulties, the prospects for the establishment of a non-racial democracy in South Africa were "most encouraging", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said on 16 June. In a statement read on his behalf by Under-Secretary-General...
Rapid Spread of TB, AIDS Discussed by World Health Assembly
The rapid worldwide spread of diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was a focus of discussions at the forty-sixth World Health Assembly (Geneva, 3-14 May). Plans of the World Health Organization (WHO) to...
Talks Continue, UNFICYP Funding Changed
A new round of joint talks between the leaders of the two communities - the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots - was held in New York from 24 May to 1 June. Begun in the summer of 1992, the talks are under the auspices of UN Secretary-General...
The 'Second Generation': Cambodia Elections 'Free & Fair', but Challenges Remain
Marking the culmination of what UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has termed the "largest and most ambitious operation" ever undertaken by the UN, the Security Council on 15 June formally endorsed the results of the general elections in Cambodia,...
The World Food Programme at 30: Fighting Hunger, Feeding Hope
Truck convoys negotiate narrow roads and hostile, hidden snipers to deliver supplies to besieged enclaves in the mountains of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Roaring C-130 cargo planes unload on a dusty Somalian airstrip, bringing manna from the sky to victims...
Tokyo Meeting to Pursue Innovative Approaches
Delegates to the International Conference on African Development, to be held in Tokyo, Japan, on 5 and 6 October, will seek new and innovative approaches to speed up economic and social progress in that struggling continent. "For over 30 years,...
Tragedy Continues with 'No Sign of Abatement'; International Tribunal Established
Fighting in the former Yugoslavia, particularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, continued unabated despite arduous peacemaking efforts by the UN, the European Community and the Co-Chairmen of the Steering Committee of the International Conference on the...
Transition Agreement Signed on Governors Island
Sanctions imposed, numerous human rights violations reported An agreement to resolve the political crisis in Haiti was signed on 3 July by the country's first democratically-elected President, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, ousted in a September 1991 coup,...
Trusteeship Council Mission to Observe Eighth Plebiscite in Palau
Another visiting mission to Palau is to report on the forthcoming plebiscite on the Compact of Free Association with the United States, the Trusteeship Council declared at its sixtieth session (12-17 May, New York). The plebiscite is scheduled for...
UNAVEM II Mandate Extended; UNITA Condemned for Endangering Peace Process
UNITA condemned for endangering peace process The Security Council on 1 June extended until 15 July 1993 the mandate of the UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II) on a reduced basis and in a manner which would respond to the evolution of the...
UN Help Needed to Build New Institutions
The UN will pay special attention to countries in the territory of the former Soviet Union which, due to "inadequate political structures, no recent tradition of democracy and the absence of true financial institutions and markets", need help in "building...
UN Operation in Full Swing; Force of 6,000 Deployed
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the summit meeting of the Organization of African Unity on 28 June in Cairo that the UN Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) had become fully operational. A UN force of some 6,000 military troops and civilian...
UN Operations: Not Only Expanding, but Breaking New Ground
United Nations peace-keeping activities have increased and broadened dramatically in recent years, as the Organization responds to new challenges and takes on new tasks. In the span of only five years, the UN has launched more operations than in the...
UNOSOM II Takes 'Decisive Action' to Restore Peace; Killing of 24 Peace-Keepers Is Biggest Single UN Loss Ever
Following a violent ambush of UN peace-keepers in Somalia's capital city of Mogadishu on 5 June, the UN Security Council strongly condemned the "unprovoked armed attacks", stating that they "appear to have been part of a calculated and premeditated...
UN 'Peace-Building' Gives Birth to New Nation
Eritrea was born in a referendum held from 23 to 25 April, with the UN Observer Mission to Verify the Referendum in Eritrea (UNOVER) ensuring the impartiality of the process and helping to make the transition to independence smooth and peaceful. ...
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action Set Goals for 21st Century
The World Conference on Human Rights (14-25 June, Vienna) has forged what Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has called "a new vision of global action for human rights into the next century" In adopting the Vienna Declaration and Programme...
Violence Increases in Occupied Territories
A "substantial increase" in violent incidents in the West Bank and Gaza, in which both Palestinians and Israelis were killed and wounded, drew an appeal from UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali for restraint from all sides and for avoiding steps...
Violence: The Biggest Obstacle
By Security Council resolution 772 (1992), adopted on 17 August, the Secretary-General was authorized to deploy the UN Observer Mission in South Africa (UNOMSA). The aim is to help open channels of communication between communities, reduce political...
World Conferences on Organized Crime, Money Laundering to Be Hosted by Italy
The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its second session (Vienna, 13-23 April), accepted an offer by Italy to host a world conference on organized crime in the second half of 1994. It also welcomed the convening of an international...