UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, December

Assisting the Victims of War: 'Nations Will Learn to Work Together Only by Actually Working Together.' (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration)
The activity at the White House on 9 November 1943 was unusual even for wartime Washington. Ambassadors and other officials of the 44 Governments allied in the global conflict, then in its fifth year, were gathering in the high-ceiling East Room to...
Attacking Poverty, Building Solidarity, Creating Jobs: The ABCs of a Better Life
More than a billion people live in extreme poverty--without jobs, without basic necessities, without hope. Social inequalities and polarization are deepening. Jobs have become so scarce in most regions of the world that high unemployment may be turning...
Cairo Conference Reaches Consensus on Plan to Stabilize World Growth by 2015
Against a backdrop streaked with controversy and under the intense spotlight of unprecedented world media attention, the international Conference on Population and Development reached consensus--despite some widely divergent viewpoints--on a worldwide...
Continued Efforts Made to Improve Coordination, Respond to Change
With lively debate, fewer formal speeches, much reduced dispute and increased cooperation, the Economic and Social Council at its 1994 substantive session (27 June-29 July, New York), responded with effectiveness and efficiency to the call for change...
Council Maintains 'Cautious Optimism' on Peace Process
The Security Council on 7 September expressed "cautious optimism" that Mozambicans would be able to fulfil the goals of the peace process, achieving democracy, lasting peace, and responsible, representative government in their country. In a presidential...
Criminal Court Statute Adopted
Adoption of a 60-article draft statute for an international criminal court marked the forty-sixth session (2 May-22 July, Geneva) of the International Law Commission (ILC). The instrument had been requested in 1993 by the General Assembly in its resolution...
Despite Successes, UN Operations Need More Support
The courage and dedication of UN peace-keepers--despite all the difficulties they face--has resulted in "enormous good" over the past year, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared on 2 September UN personnel helped bring peace--"not just the...
Disarmament Conference Reports 'Long, Arduous Session.' (Includes Related Articles)
A large part of the work of the 1994 Conference on Disarmament--held in Geneva in three parts (25 January-31 March; 16 May-1 July; and 25 July-7 September)--was devoted to the question of a nuclear-test ban. Ending what Conference President Sirous...
Draft Declaration on Indigenous Peoples Approved
The Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities has approved, after 10 years of arduous negotiations, a draft declaration proclaiming the rights and unique value of indigenous peoples. Faced with an ever-lengthening...
El Salvador Moves towards Reconciliation: Joint Declaration Signed
A joint declaration--signed by the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) on 4 October--reflected the parties' determination to see the 16 January 1992 Peace Accords "implemented fully and urgently...
'Genocidal Slaughter' Claims as Many as 1 Million
Citing a "horrifying loss of human life and the suffering of an entire people", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has called the ongoing tragedy in Rwanda "one of the most hideous events in recent times". He estimated that the victims of genocidal...
Investing in People
A fifth of the world's population live in absolute poverty, earning scarcely 2 per cent of the world's income. The ill-effects of this economic deprivation are often compounded by ethnic tensions and warfare, which can lead to the local displacement...
Mission Expanded to Monitor Pact; Peacemaking Efforts Continue
An increase up to 136 military observers in the strength of the UN Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) was authorized by the Security Council on 21 July. It currently had 55 members. in unanimously adopting resolution 937 (1994), the Council also...
Multinational Force Dispatched to Pave Way for Aristide's Return
The "flower of democracy" would soon open in Haiti, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide--in exile since the September 1991 military coup--told the General Assembly on 4 October. That democracy had been "obtained through diplomacy", he stressed. Thanks...
'Nightmare of Fratricidal Conflict' Reported as Refugee Numbers Swell
In urging all Afghan leaders to "heed the overwhelming desire for peace" expressed by their people and to cooperate with the UN Special Mission in a search for a "lasting cease-fire and a fully representative political process", Secretary-General Boutros...
No Additional Sanctions Imposed in View of Continuing Talks
The Security Council on 29 September extended the mandate of the UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II) until 31 October 1994 and declared that, in view of the current negotiations and the formal acceptance by the National Union for the Total independence...
Nuclear Safety Convention Opened for Signature
An International Convention on Nuclear Safety --the first legal instrument that directly addresses the issue of nuclear power plants safety worldwide--was opened for signature on 20 September at the thirty-eighth session (19-23 September, Vienna) of...
Power-Sharing Pact Called 'Significant Breakthrough.' (Burundi)
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 14 September welcomed the signing of a Convention of Government on power-sharing by nine political parties in Burundi and assessed it as a "significant breakthrough". He said he hoped that Burundi would...
Preparatory Commission Finishes Its Work; 'Through Rough Waters to a Safe Port', Says Chairman
Although the Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea had "gone through rough waters", it had "arrived at a safe port", Commission Chairman Jose Luis Jesus of Cape Verde...
Putting the World to Work
Approximately 30 per cent of the world labour force--more than 700 million people--are not productively employed; that is, they are either hunting vainly for jobs or are underemployed, working at tasks that do not allow them to make ends meet. More...
Renewed Fighting Delays Election Process
The Security Council on 30 August expressed concern over a serious deterioration in the situation in Liberia and, in a statement by Council President Yuliy Vorontsov of the Russian Federation, urged the Liberian parties to resolve their differences...
Search for Peaceful Solution Continues, as Increased Sanctions Weighed
The "increasingly complex situation" in the former Yugoslavia had continued to demand the attention and resources of the international community and the United Nations, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali reported on 2 September. in the past year,...
Security Council Arms and Air Embargo Stays in Place
Following consultations, Security Council members on 5 August decided to continue to review the air and arms embargo imposed against Libya in connection with terrorist bombings that took place in 1988 and 1989. The sanctions were ordered under Council...
Seeking 'A Society for All.' (Social Integration)(includes Related article)(World Summit for Social Development)
Rapid and fundamental change--technological, economic and cultural --which characterizes the modern world has had both positive and negative repercussions on contemporary society. An important benefit has been the improvement in living standards in...
Steps Taken towards Establishing Ongoing Verification System
The UN Special Commission on Iraqi disarmament (UNSCOM) has reported steps towards establishing an ongoing monitoring and verification system to ensure Iraq's compliance with the complex cease-fire agreement, as set out in Security Council resolution...
The 20-Year Programme of Action
The 16-Chapter Cairo Programme of Action reaffirms the connection among population growth, poverty, patterns of production and consumption and the environment. it states: "Progress in any component can catalyse improvement in others." The Programme...
The 38th Floor
The United Nations is a place of dialogue and debate. It is at the United Nations that we must address the challenge of multilateral diplomacy during the post-cold-war period of transition. At times of great transformation such as this, words and concepts,...
The 49th Session: Looking towards the UN of the Future
The forty-ninth session of the General Assembly, which opened on 20 September, was widely anticipated to be a productive and thought-provoking predecessor to the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations, a watershed event in the life of the Organization....
The 'Dish' That Saves Lives
The impressive, three-story-tall white structure stands tilted towards the sky in an inner courtyard of the UN Secretariat building, facing the East River. For a decade, hundreds of UN employees have passed by it every day on their way to the cafeteria,...
UN Continues to Monitor Tense Situations
The UN continued to monitor situations in some former Soviet republics, reporting it was "unstable and explosive" in Tajikistan, "tense" between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and "positive" in light of withdrawals of Russian troops from Estonia, Latvia and...
UNOSOM II Mandate Extended: Mission's Future Pondered
Despite its deep concern over a deteriorating security environment, including "attacks and harassment" against UN peacekeepers, the Security Council on 30 September extended the mandate of the UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II) for one month, until...
Voter Identification Process Continues
The Security Council on 29 July commended the work of the Identification Commission of the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), which was processing more than 75,000 voter application forms that had been received. In its statement...
Washington Declaration Welcomed as Prelude to Final Treaty
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 26 July warmly welcomed the signing of the Washington Declaration, ending the state of belligerency between Jordan and Israel, which he hoped would "accelerate the process of achieving a comprehensive, just...
Witnessing 'The Worst of Times.' (Rwanda; United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Peter Hansen)(Interview)
With fighting raging in and around Rwanda's capital city of Kigali, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Peter Hansen on 23 April led an interagency advance humanitarian team there shortly after the outbreak of hostilities, to initiate...

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