UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 3, September

An Age-Old Dream
The United Nations expresses the age-old dream of universal cooperation. We are here to renew this dream. The blueprint for the world Organization was drawn here in San Francisco 50 years ago. The Charter created here is more than a document of history;...
Asking the UN about the UN: A Myriad of Questions
The questions are many and sometimes offbeat. They ask how they can form their own countries (most with strange sounding names). They propose international days for friendship or animals. Some want to find a lost relative, address the General Assembly,...
Commemorating the End of the Second World War in Europe
In paying tribute to all who had fought in the Second World War for the "triumph of justice and fraternity", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, attending a commemoration ceremony in Moscow of the 50th anniversary of the end of war in Europe, on...
Commission Acts on Housing Issues: Children's Rights, Refugee Strategy Considered
Children's housing rights and the development of a strategy to assist refugees and displaced persons were among the topics of 13 resolutions adopted by the Commission on Human Settlements at its fifteenth session (24 April-1 May, Nairobi). With children...
Comprehensive Political Settlement to Conflict Urged
Stressing the urgent need for a "comprehensive political sewement of the conflict through the inter-Tajik dialogue", the Security Council called for "substantive progress on fundamental institutional and political issues". It also asked the parties to...
Conference Seeks Pragmatic Solutions to Create a Safer World
Disarmament, an "instrument of collective security" and an essential factor in efforts to "promote a safer world", should accompany UN measures to achieve peace and economic and social development, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the Conference...
Design for Peace: Origin of the UN Emblem
Donal McLaughlin, Chief of the Graphics Presentation Branch of the United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) at the end of the Second World War, has written a personal account of his participation in the two-month international conference that...
Draft on East Jerusalem Not Adopted by Security Council: United States Vetoes Text
A draft resolution calling upon Israel - the occupying Power - to rescind its orders for expropriation of some 53 hectares of land in East Jerusalem was not adopted by the Security Council on 17 May, due to a veto by one of its permanent members - the...
Dynamic Information Strategies Needed to Promote UN Goals
The 88-member Committee on information, at its seventeenth session (1-12 May, New York), called dynamic public-information strategies an indispensable tool in promoting the UN's goals of peace, democracy and development. By meeting the increasingly complex...
Efforts to Restore Confidence Asked by Security Council
The Security Council has called for efforts to reduce the number of foreign troops, as well as defence spending, in Cyprus so as to help restore confidence between the two parties and as a first step towards the withdrawal of non-Cypriot forces. In...
Ethnic Violence Reported
With reports of ethnic violence still emerging from Burundi, the UN and other international and regional organizations have continued to monitor the troubling situation in that Central African nation. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 4 April...
Factions Asked to Resolve Differences: Embargo Committee Established
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 18 April announced the creation of a small political office to monitor the situation in Somalia and keep contact with the parties concerned "to the extent possible". Mr. Boutros-Ghali, in a letter to the Security...
Fighting Escalates, UN Role in Question
With escalation of bitter and bloody fighting and ensuing deterioration of the situation throughout the former Yugoslavia, UN peace-keepers have found themselves in a predicament that is "no longer tolerable", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali...
Giving Peace a Chance: Recognizing the Achievements
Recognizing the Achievements The United Nations was established during the fiery, final hours of the world's most devastating conflict to "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war", and give peace a more solid foundation on which to flourish....
Golden Anniversary of UN Celebrated in City of Its Birth
On 26 June 1995, half a century after United States President Harry Truman called on delegates from 50 war-weary nations to "be the architects of a better world", an array of dignitaries from around the globe gathered at the San Francisco Veterans War...
'Good Overall Picture' Provided of Military Weapons Capabilities
The Special Commission on Iraqi disarmament, set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991), has reported that, while Iraq had not yet given a credible accounting of its military biological activities, it had a good overall picture of the extent...
'Journeys for a Better World': A Personal Adventure in War and Peace
In his 367-page autobiography, Journeys for a Better World, Jean Richardot, one of the first recruits to the fledgling UN Secretariat in 1946, recounts 30years of service to the United Nations - in New York, Chile, Morocco, Haiti, Uganda, Jamaica, Benin,...
Legislative and Local Elections Overseen by UN and OAS
The Caribbean nation of Haiti on 25 June conducted an initial round of legislative and local democratic elections-the first since the return of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power and the restoration of that country's constitutional Government...
Milestones: A Selective Chronology
Inter-Allied Declaration Signed in London on 12 June 1941, the Inter-Allied Declaration - "to work together, with other free peoples, both in war and peace" - was a first step towards the establishment of the United Nations. Atlantic Charter On 14...
New Panel to Combat Forest Degradation: Use of Fuels, Coral Reefs, Oceans Reviewed
A New Intergovernmental Panel on Forests, set up by the Commission on Sustainable Development on 28 April, will review all existing agreements on forests and assess whether a broad-based international legal convention on all types of forests would be...
Ninth UN Congress Focuses on Practical Solutions: New Convention, Code of Conduct Considered
Eschewing vague generalities and focusing on specific priorities, the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (29 April-8 May, Cairo) adopted wide-ranging practical measures oriented to finding workable...
Non-Proliferation Treaty Extended 'Indefinitely' at Review Conference: Full Compliance Called Essential to International Peace and Security
Full compliance called essential to international peace and security The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) "shall continue in force indefinitely", it was declared on 11 May at the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties...
Positive Developments Welcomed despite Delays in Peace Process
Initial deployment of UN infantry battalions, improved access for humanitarian assistance, and a continuing, if fragile ceasefire in the strife-torn southern African nation of Angola were welcomed as "positive developments" by the Security Council on...
Security Council Ready to Consider New Peace-Keeping Effort
The Security Council on 26 April - in reiterating full support for the efforts of the Co-Chairmen of the Minsk Conference of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) - confirmed its readiness to provide "continuing political support,...
Signing the Charter
A great effort went into the staging of the ceremony which Life magazine compared to a "Hollywood production". I prepared a flow chart to avoid hitches in guiding delegates and visitors to the right places inside the building. Each delegation would be...
Situation Still 'Extremely unstable.'(United Nations Relations with Georgia)
The Security Council on 12 May, in extending the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) for another eight months, until 12 January 1996, expressed concern over "insufficient progress" achieved towards a comprehensive political...
Space Debris Plan Approved
Two texts - a multi-year work plan for dealing with the hazards of space debris, and a questionaire on legal norms to apply to aerospace objects, including future transportation vehicles - were approved by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer...
Special Committee Calls for Careful Study of 'Rapid Reaction force.'(United Nations Special Committee on Peace-Keeping Operations)
A suggested UN "rapid reaction force" has raised a variety of important and complex political, legal and financial issues and should be studied carefully, the Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations reported after its four-week 1995 session (10...
Summit Follow-Up Deemed a Commission Priority
Follow-up to the 1995 World Summit for Social Development was the priority subject of the Commission for Social Development at its thirty-fourth session (10-20 April, New York) - the first since the Summit was held in Copenhagen in March 1995 and also...
Thousands Gather in Beijing for Fourth Women's Conference
Thousands of women and men from all over the world will assemble from 4 to 15 September in the Beijing International Convention Center, in the heart of the Chinese capital, for the Fourth World Conference on Women. From almost every country and from...
Tolerance - Indispensable Requirement for Global Security
Fifty years after signatories of the United Nations Charter resolved "to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours", the international community is witnessing a dangerous escalation of tolerance and violence in...
Two Parties Asked to Facilitate Voter Identification Process
The Security Council on 30 June stressed the need for Morocco and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro (POLISARIO) to refrain from any actions that hindered the implementation of the settlement plan for the referendum...
UNAMIR Mandate Shifts from Peace-Keeping to Confidence Building
Voicing "great concern" over reports of military preparations and increasing incursions into the troubled Central African country of Rwanda by elements of the former regime, the Security Council on 9 June underlined the need for effective measures to...
UN Observers, Police Team Monitors Peace Accords
A continued UN presence in El Salvador to ensure the successful implementation of the 1992 Peace Accords was instituted on 1 May, a day after the four-year UN Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) had formally fulfilled its mandate. An 18-member...