UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 2, Summer

Africa: 'The Renaissance Has Come.'
"The time is long past when anyone could claim ignorance about what was happening in Africa, or what was needed to achieve progress. The time is also past when the responsibility for producing change could be shifted on to other shoulders. It is a...
Agencies Resume Work
Soon after ECOMOG gained control of Freetown, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in collaboration with Sierra Leone's Embassy in Conakry, Guinea, arranged bus transportation for more than 6,000 of the 20,000 Sierra...
Ambassador Roberta Lajous
Why has Mexico taken such an active role in the General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem? It was a Mexican initiative and one we are very proud of. The real trigger came during the presidential campaign of Ernesto Zedillo, who...
... and, in 2003, National Legislative Actions Addressing Money Laundering
I have traveled from Bogota to Bonn and many points in between over the past year. I've discussed drug control issues with Presidents and senior government officials, but I also went out into the field. I talked to peasant farmers, local leaders and...
Angola
On 29 April, the Security Council, acting for the second time in seven weeks on the peace process in Angola, unanimously adopted resolution 1164 (1998), by which it extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) until...
Assembly Acts on Procurement Reform, Peacekeeping Financing, Budget Allocations
The General Assembly on 31 March adopted 25 drafts, including 7 resolutions and 16 decisions, recommended by its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary). Acting on procurement reform, it asked the Secretary-General to examine the possibility...
Death Penalty Issue Addressed by Special Rapporteur
Knowledge of the international obligations of the United States regarding the death penalty is almost non-existent at that country's state level, and a serious gap exists between federal and state Governments concerning the implementation of those...
Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 17 April, Secretary-General Kofi Annan decided "reluctantly and after full consideration of all alternatives" to withdraw the investigative team he had sent to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to look into allegations of serious violations of...
Development Account to Be Created
The Organization's cash position is "weak, and getting weaker, with unpaid assessments decreasing slowly", Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated on 12 March. Debt to Member States had become "resistant to change" and, as a result, the "need to cross-borrow...
Development Cooperation: The Human Dimension
I have spent my entire working life in the area of development cooperation. However, my appointment at the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) brought me for the first time into the United Nations working environment. ...
'Development Must Remain Top Priority of United Nations,' Agrees UN - Bretton Woods Meeting
Secretary-General Kofi Annan called for closer cooperation between the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions at the first ever high-level meeting between the organizations, which focused on the theme: "Global financial integration and development...
Dr. Idrice Goomany Centre for the Prevention and Treatment of Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
1986 Mauritius was in the throes of an acute drug epidemic. "Brown Sugar", an adulterated form of heroin, was creating havoc among our young urban male population. Confronted with this reality and in the absence of any specialized structure to respond...
Fed Up with Growing Opium
He is an energetic and youthful looking man of 67 years who lives in Keo Pratu village, Nonghet District in the Xieng Khoang province in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. And he tells visitors from the United Nations International Drug Control...
Former Yugoslavia
The Security Council on 31 March, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, decided that "all States shall, for the purposes of fostering peace and stability in Kosovo, prevent the sale or supply to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,...
Helplessness to Hope: My War with Chemical, and Other, Weapons of Destruction
I was born in a small city in upstate New York and became a teenager in the expanded ether of suburban America in the mid-1970s. I got willfully, deliberately drunk for the first time when I was 14. I smoked marijuana soon after. The leftover lethargy...
Inter-State Migration and Economic Development
Migration has existed as long as humanity and plays a role in the political, economic and cultural evolution of societies. Cheap and accessible transportation and the process of '"globalization" have increased the emphasis placed on ways in which the...
Laundering Money: Obscuring the Link between the Criminal and the Crime
Obscuring the link between the criminal and the crime On 11 April 1996, Franklin Jurado, a Harvard-educated Colombian economist, pleaded guilty to a single count of money laundering in a New York federal court and was sentenced to seven and a half...
Libya
On 1 April, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, had set 30 December 1998 as the time-limit for the filing of Counter-Memorials of the United Kingdom and the United States (explanations of their...
Making It Possible for Governments to Do What They Say
During the last century, narcotic drugs, particularly opiates, were freely available throughout the world. The opium trade had become a profitable business with financial interests leading to two opium wars, while the pharmaceutical and food industries...
Middle East
The stalled Middle East peace process, the condition of the Palestinian people, regional economic cooperation, relations between Israel, Lebanon and Syria, and the United Nations development and peacekeeping efforts were high on the agenda during Secretary-General's...
Needed: Tangible Political Way
Too many nations have made the mistake of underestimating the nature of the threat posed by illegal drug cultivation, production, trafficking and consumption. Governments that have tolerated the cultivation of coca or opium poppies have seen deforestation...
Oil Sales of $1.4 Billion
The Security Council on 25 March, concerned about the humanitarian consequences for the Iraqi people resulting from a shortfall in oil revenues, decided to authorize the sale of up to $1.4 billion of Iraqi oil and oil products within a 90-day period...
Perils without Passports
In it, Member States of the United Nations will commit themselves "to establish 2003 as a target date for new or enhanced drug demand reduction strategies and programmes set up in close collaboration with public health, social welfare and law enforcement...
Philatelic Foray
In September 1980, the UNPA began issuing flag stamps at a rate of 16 per year. But by 1989 all Member States had been represented, so the UNPA suspended the series. But with the increase in the membership of the United Nations, the UNPA decided to...
Putting out the Fire: Special Session on Drugs
In continuing efforts devoted to the fight against illicit drugs, the General Assembly is convening a Special Session in New York from 8 to 10 June 1998. The United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Countering the World Drug Problem, which...
Rwanda
In an effort to improve the efficiency of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1165 (1998), by which it decided to establish a third Trial Chamber and, towards that end, amended three articles...
Sierra Leone
On 10 March, the democratically-elected President of Sierra Leone, Ahmad Tejan Ahmad Kabbah, returned to Sierra Leone after the forces of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) ousted the illegal military junta...
Social and Economic Costs of Illicit Drugs
Substance abuse and addition have changed he very nature of life for societies all over the world. One of the most important social and economic consequences of drug abuse is crime. This is especially so in urban areas, where crime associated with...
The Beginnings of International Drug Control
International cooperation in drug control began in 1909 when the International Opium Commission met in Shanghai, China (above). Convened by the United States and attended by 13 world Powers, the Shanghai Conference led to the signing in 1912 of the...
They're Synthetic. They're Clandestine. They Can Heal. They Can Kill
The ancient Greek word pharmakon meant both medicine and poison. It was the quantity, dose and pattern of use which determined the difference between one and the other, between use and abuse, recalls Sandeep Chawla, Senior Research Coordinator, UNDCP,...
To Do, You Begin with ... Fazer ABC
The reading of the text of the 1996 United Nations System-wide Special Initiative on Africa which, at a certain point, says "Africa virtually lives today on the edge of survival and its prospects are frightening if current trends continue", has prompted...
Towards a Drug-Free World by 2008 - We Can Do It
The world is at a crossroads in the fight against drugs. The Special Session provides us with a choice. We can stay put - or we can, as the American poet Robert Frost said, "take the road less travelled". It is my belief that the future is now. It...
Tuberculosis: An Airborne Disease
In 1882, Robert Koch discovered the baccilli behind one of the world's oldest and most deadly diseases - tuberculosis (TB). That breakthrough led to the development of the first anti-TB treatment in 1944. The world breathed a sigh of relief. Yet,...
Turning to Kids ... before They Turn to Drugs
For young people in supportive family and social environments, childhood and adolescence are ordinarily times of exploration, experimentation, growth and a healthy search for identity. But for those from "marginalized" environments, where emotional,...
We Just Have Not Done Enough
It's been nearly thirty years since I was introduced to the field of drug dependency. In 1970, I became involved in research in the neuropsychopharmacology of benzodiazepines. Since then, my interest and work have spread to include issues related to...
Western Sahara
The Security Council on 17 April extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) until 20 July, in order that the Mission might proceed with its identification tasks, with the aim of completing the...
World Economy and Energy Production Assessed and Documented
After the weak start to the 1990s, the world economy had moved towards a "cruising speed" of 3 per cent growth a year, beginning in 1994, Secretary-General Kofi Annan reported on 18 December 1997. World output had grown more than 3 per cent in 1997,...
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