UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 27, No. 3, September

43rd World Health Assembly: Call for Increased Aid to Developing Countries for Effective Health Development Programmes
43rd World Health Assembly Additional support from developed countries was asked to reach the goal of health for all by the year 2000 through primary health care. The Assembly recommended providing this aid through bilateral and multilateral channels,...
A Brave New World in Eastern Europe
A brave new world in Eastern Europe An economic revolution is sweeping Eastern Europe. Centrally-planned economies are switching to free markets, prices fixed by supply and demand, private ownership, competition and foreign investment. The economic...
A Different Kind of Diplomat
A Different Kind of Diplomat Norman Manjaka is not a trained diplomat and yet his skills of diplomacy, discretion and tact are tested daily. As Manager and Maitre d'Hotel of the Delegates' Dining Room at UN Headquarters in New York, he greets and...
Agreement Reached on Guidelines for Nuclear Power Sources
Agreement reached on guidelines for nuclear power sources During its 1990 session (4-14 June, New York), the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space welcomed the consensus of the Legal Sub-Committee on guidelines and criteria for the safe use...
Aid for 2 Million Central American Refugees - $121 Million
Aid for 2 million Central American refugees--$121 million International aid is on the way for an estimated 2 million refugees and displaced persons in Central America--the legacy of more than a decade of turmoil in that region. A total of $121 million...
A Truly Historic Moment
A truly historic moment A standing ovation greeted Prime Minister Hage G. Geingob as he was escorted by UN Chief of Protocol Ali Teymour to his country's seat in the General Assembly Hall on 23 April, minutes after the Republic of Namibia was admitted...
'Big Five' Review Progress towards Political Settlement of Cambodian Problem
'Big Five' review progress towards poitical settlement of Cambodian problem After meeting in New York on 25 and 26 May, china, France, the United Kingdom, the USSR and the United States jointly stated that only a comprehensive political settlement...
Central American Presidents: 'No Peace without Development.' (Economic Summit)
Central American Presidents: 'No peace without development' "There can be no peace without development", the five Central American Presidents declared at their first economic summit, held in the old colonial city of Antigua, Guatemala (15-17 June)....
Conference on Disarmament Continues Work on Chemical Weapons Accord
Conference on Disarmament continues work on chemical weapons accord The Conference on Disarmament, as it opened the second part of its 1990 session in Geneva on 12 June, continued consideration of a draft convention prohibiting chemical weapons, a...
Cyprus Force Mandate Extended through 15 December 1990
Cyprus Force mandate extended through 15 December 1990 The Security Council on 15 June extended the mandate of the United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for six months until 15 December 1990. In unanimously adopting resolution 657...
Debt: An Issue of Responsibility
Debt: an issue of responsibility In August 1982, the Mexican Government made a dramatic announcement: the country did not have enough money to make its next foreign debt payment. News of an imminent default by that nation rocked Wall Street. With...
Developed Nations Promised Aid to Curtail Drug Demand; London Summit Tightens Measures against Cocaine Threat
Developed nations promised aid to curtail drug demand A commitment by developed countries to help developing nations curtail drug demand was among agreements reached at a three-day international summit against drugs (9-11 April), organized in London...
Disarmament Commission Recommends Declaration for Third Disarmament Decade; Agrees on Guidelines for Conventional Disarmament
Disarmament Commission recommends Declaration for Third Disarmament Decade The Disarmament Commission at its three-week session (7-29 May, New York), recommended adoption of a draft Declaration for the Third Disarmament Decade--the 1990s--and urged...
Draft on Occupied Territories Vetoed in Security Council; Meeting Held for First Time in Geneva
Draft on occupied territories vetoed in Security Council A draft resolution by which the Security Council would have sent a three-member commission to the occupied Palestinian territories to examine the "situation relating to the policies and practices...
Environmental Issues, Code of Conduct, Discussed in TNCs Commission
Environmental issues, code of conduct, discussed in TNCs Commission Issues relating to the environment, a code of conduct and business operations in South Africa were the major focus of the sixteenth session (New York, 2-12 April) of the Commission...
Equality for Women Highlighted at Economic and Social Council; Ninety-Nine Texts Adopted on a Wide Spectrum of Issues
Equality for women highlighted at Economic and Social Council A wide range of texts aimed at promoting women's rights throughout the world was adopted by the Economic and Social Council at its first regular session of 1990, held from 1 to 25 May in...
Global TV for a Small Planet
Global TV for a small planet With the UN acting as catalyst and co-ordinator, 15 television networks from all regions of the world are co-producing 15 half-hour TV programmes highlighting experiments in living that offer positive models for the twenty-first...
Helping the Poorest of the Poor
Helping the poorest of the poor Agreeing on how to help some of the poorest of the Earth's poor help themselves--more than 400 million people in 42 countries--is the goal of the Second United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (3...
How the World Sees the 1980s
How the world sees the 1980s Reaching a common view of the 1980s that all countries could live with was as crucial as the formulation of possible remedial action in the 1990s, it was generally felt. The following are excerpts from the Declaration...
Information Committee Reaches Consensus after Complex Negotiations
Information Committee reaches consensus after complex negotiations The 74-member Committee on Information has recomended that the General Asssembly urge all countries, the UN system as a whole and all others concerned to assure journalists free and...
Iran and Iraq Meet Face to Face in Geneva
Iran and Iraq meet face to face in Geneva Meeting face to face for the first time since the 20 August 1988 cease-fie was agreed upon, the Foreign Ministers of Iraq and Iran have reaffirmed their support for the role of UN Secretary-General Javier...
ITU - 125 Years Old: At the Cutting Edge of Telecommunications
ITU--125 years old In 1865, the most popular means of transportation was by horse and carriage. It was a year of many developments and changes, both in Europe and in America. In March, Confederate President Jefferson Davis signed a bill subjecting...
Namibia to Get $697-Million International Aid Package; Newly-Independent Nation Joins UN
Namibia to get $697-million international aid package Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar told the meeting that "a healthy climate for investments in both the public and the private sectors already exists". Assistance to Namibia was vital because...
Nelson Mandela Thanks UN for Efforts to Secure His Release; Urges Continued Sanctions against South Africa
Nelson Mandela thanks UN for efforts to secure his release; urges continued sanctions against South Africa On 22 June 1990, Nelson Mandela, Deputy President of the African National Congress of South Africa (ANC), spoke from the rostrum of the General...
No Agreement Yet, but Mexico City Round 'Positive'; Salvador Peace Talks Continue
No agreement yet, but Mexico City round 'positive' A second round of direct peace talks between the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) ended in Mexico City on 25 June. A third round was set...
ONUCA Mission Deemed a Success; Nicaraguan Resistance Demobilizes, Surrenders Weapons
ONUCA mission deemed a success Demobilization of 21,863 members of the Nicaraguan Resistance forces ended on 29 June, within the deadline set by the UN Security Council. The massive, complex and politically delicate operation was successfully carried...
People-Centered Development Is Best
People-centred development is best When people are placed at the centre of development programmers, high levels of human well-being can be achieved even at modes income levels. That is the central theme of UNDP's innovative study, the Human Development...
Poverty
POVERTY The World Bank has dedicated its thirteenth annual global development study to an exhaustive examination of the "poorest of the world's poor", analysing programmes which have successfully eliminated poverty. The 260-page analysis--World...
Poverty May Lessen by 2000, except in Africa
Poverty my lessen by 2000, except in Africa Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where poverty is not likely to decline by the year 2000, the World Bank says. While 400 million people elsewhere could rise from poverty by the beginning of the twenty-first...
Preparations under Way for Amendment Conference for Partial Test-Ban Treaty
Preparations under way for Amendment Conference for Partial Test-Ban Treaty In a decision adopted by consensus, the Meeting invited the views of the States parties, particularly the nuclear-weapon States, regarding the verification of a comprehensive...
Security Council Approves UN Plan for Western Sahara; MINURSO to Supervise Elections
Security Council approves UN plan for Western Sahara The Security Council on 27 June approved a plan for a settlement of the Western Sahara question, under which the Organization would supervise a cease-fire between Morocco and the Popular Front for...
Security Council Urges Support for UN Peace-Keeping Operations
Security Council urges support for UN peace-keeping operations Security Council members on 30 May stated that they have been encouraged by recent achievements of UN peace-keeping and are ready to consider launching new peace-keeping operations, "as...
Straightening a Skewed Economy
Straightening a skewed economy The post-independence Namibian Government has inherited an economy of sharp contrasts. From some viewpoints, Namibia can be seen as a prosperous middle-income country. Per capita income is about $1,200 annually--one...
Talks Continue on Afghan Settlement
Talks continue on Afghan settlement Talks aimed at facilitating the early realization of a comprehensive political settlement in Afghanistan, in accordance with the 14 April 1988 Geneva Accords, are continuing. On 26 April 1990, Secretary-General...
The 38th Floor
THE 38th FLOOR Joint action to combat drug abuse... The disastrous phenomenon of drug production, trafficking and abuse is a clear example of the kind of problem that in an increasingly small and interdependent world must be tackled through...
The Changing Image of the UN Library
The changing image of the UN Library A poster hanging in the office of a staff member of the Dag Hammarskjold Library at UN Headquarters in New York pictures several people on a safari, seemingly lost. The caption reads: "It's an information jungle...
"Time to Be Bold." (General Assembly Adopts Blunt Declaration) (Special Section - Future of the Global Economy: Challenges of the 90s)
"Time to be bold" The wide-ranging, 38-point Declaration on International Economic Cooperation, in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth and Development of the Developing Countries was hailed as "a watershed in the history of international...
Trusteeship Council Considers Developments regarding Palau
Trusteeship Council considers developments regarding Palau The Trusteeship Council on 1 June noted with satisfaction assurances given by the United States as Administering Authority of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Micronesia) that it...
UNICEF Calls for Priority Focus on Girl Child
UNICEF calls for priority focus on girl child All programmers of the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) and strategies in the 1990s will address explicitly the status of the girl child and her needs, particularly in nutrition, health and education,...
UN Namibia Council and Fund to Be Dissolved
UN Namibia Council and Fund to be dissolved The UN Council for Namibia is expected to be officially dissolved by the General Assembly at its resumed forty-fourth session later this year. The UN Fund for Namibia also would be phased out after current...
Women Are Poorer
Women are poorer Poor rural women are the most deprived people in the world. They are sicker and more illiterate than men and lack the opportunities males have to better themselves. That is the stark conclusion of two major studies on world poverty...
Working for a Better Life
Working for a better life Most UN funds and human resources are spent not in negotiating highly publicized and often controversial diplomatic issues, but on quietly helping two thirds of the world's people pull themselves out of poverty, hunger, ignorance...