UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring

'1997 World Investment Report' Calls for Attention to Competition Policies as Complement to Benefits of Global Investment Policy Liberalization
The rapidly increasing globalization of business can yield enormous benefits for economic growth and development, but it could also lead to the domination of some markets by a few major corporations. Policies to maintain the efficient functioning of...
Afghanistan
The Security Council on 16 December - in expressing "grave concern at the continued military confrontation in Afghanistan, which has caused human suffering and material destruction, which threatens to lead to the disintegration of the country and which...
An Agenda for Poverty Eradication: Target 2002
The Seventh Summit of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), held at Dhaka in 1993, adopted a "Consensus on Eradication of Poverty in South Asia". By doing so, the Heads of State or Government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the...
Angola
The Security Council Committee established to undertake the implementation of resolution 864 (1993) to monitor punitive measures imposed on the Angolan opposition party - the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) - on 23 February...
As Assembly Adopts Reform Proposals, Member States Agree UN Financial Problems Need to Be Addressed, Make Suggestions
The urgency of reforming the United Nations and, in particular, the importance of adopting the comprehensive reform package presented by Secretary-General Kofi Annan highlighted the general debate at the General Assembly's fifty-second session. During...
Assembly Adopts United Nations Budget
The General Assembly on 22 December, in concluding the current segment of its fifty-second session, appropriated $2.532 billion for the 1998-1999 budget and approved a scale of assessments for 1998-2000, which maintained a ceiling rate of 25 per cent,...
As the United Nations and Iraq Look beyond the Brink, Hope Appears on the Horizon
Immediately after his appointment as Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan told the United Nations press corps that the office he was about to take up "also has a political and diplomatic role, and above all a moral voice, which should be heard periodically...
A War Averted
In an eerie reprise, January 1998 in the Middle East was unfolding just the way January 1991 had, heading inexorably to war. As in 1991, the world now was demanding Iraqi compliance with forceful Security Council resolutions; Iraq was insisting on...
Bridging National Policies and International Commitments: The Question of the Status of Women
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted 50 years ago, focussed the world's attention on the importance of human rights. The development of two major Covenants - the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International...
Burundi
Concerned about the impasse in negotiations on Burundi, the Security Council on 11 December 1997 stressed the importance of the role of the United Nations in promoting peace in the country. Speaking on behalf of the members, Council President Fernando...
Cambodia
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, visited Cambodia from 22 to 24 January and had meetings with Second Prime Minister Hun Sen and other government officials in Phnom Penh. She visited a museum where 16,000 people...
Carnegie Commission Says 'Mass Violence Is Not Inevitable.'
In December 1997, after a comprehensive three-year study of violent conflict, costing some $9.5 million and involving a large number of international scholars and policy makers, the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict released a 257-page,...
Children in Armed Conflict
The issue of children in armed conflict is rarely, if ever, associated with creative sentiments or the acquisition of art. The United Nations Artist Group was able to bridge the two - with a November exhibit of their artwork held at the United Nations,...
Combating Corruption
Corruption is hardly a problem that is exclusive to the third world. True, in Venezuela a local dictionary of corruption has been published in two volumes. But it is also true that a French author, apparently independently, had the same idea for France....
Concerted Global Efforts Needed
Present global environmental problems are a challenge for all of humanity and, without concerted global action through the persistent efforts of all countries, it is clear we cannot hope for effective results in limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions,...
Corruption - and How It Affects the Political Legitimacy of the State
There is quite clearly no one universally accepted definition of corruption. What is universally acknowledged is that man has been and continues to be the perpetrator of corruption and its victim throughout history, says G. Shabbir Cheema, Director...
Cyprus
The Security Council on 23 December 1997 extended the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until 30 June 1998, by unanimously adopting resolution 1146 (1997). The Council noted with concern that tensions along the...
Declines in Fertility Levels Evident in Africa, Notes UN Population Fund
The Africa regional meeting, held in Harare, Zimbabwe, from 10 to 14 November 1997, brought together all the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Africa representatives, deputy representatives, Country Support Team directors and advisors, selected...
'Diplomacy Can Be Effective', Says Secretary-General
(excerpts from Mr. Annan's press conference on 24 February) Q: The question is, you have mentioned on more than one occasion the linkage between diplomacy and preparation for the use of force, if necessary ... A: Let me say that the point that...
Does Sustainable Development Require Good Governance?
In a post-cold-war world, where the ideological tensions of the past no longer dominate, an international consensus on the need to promote sound governance as a foundation for development has emerged. Sustainable development, it is now generally agreed,...
Former Yugoslavia
On 15 January 1998, the mandate of the United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) - established in January 1996 to provide security and create the conditions necessary for the maintenance of...
Gears in Shift
For South Africa, the struggle is far from over. The country has gone through three and a half centuries of struggle for political freedom and social justice, and nearly half a century of struggle against apartheid - an obnoxious doctrine of racial...
Georgia
The Security Council on 30 January, in reiterating its "deep concern that, as yet, no significant progress has been made on key issues in the settlement of the conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia", extended the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia...
'Global Partnership' for Development Pursued
The spirit of consensus usually seen in the work of the Second Committee (Economic and Financial) took a momentary misstep in 1997 when disagreement surfaced over the concept of development, particularly of sustainable development, and over the question...
Halt to Qualitative Nuclear Weapon Improvement Urged
The General Assembly on 9 December urged the nuclear-weapon States to "stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems". It also reiterated its call on those States...
Human Rights Issues Dominate the Agenda
Human rights questions again dominated the agenda of the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural), as it had in past sessions, with nearly one third of its 50 meetings devoted to these issues. Acting on the Committee's 12 reports, the General...
In Addition to Actions Recommended by Committees, 64 Resolutions Adopted Directly by Assembly
The General Assembly on 20 November called for the promotion of a "culture of peace based on the principles established in the Charter of the United Nations and on respect for human rights, democracy and tolerance". By the same resolution - one...
International Convention against Terrorist Bombings Adopted
The adoption by the General Assembly on 15 December of an International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings crowned the work of the Sixth Committee (Legal) in 1997. The Convention, which will be open for signature from 12 January 1998...
Kyoto Protocol - a View
One can only look at the outcome of the Third Conference of the Parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, held in Kyoto from 1 to 10 December 1997, with a certain amount of pessimism since several scientific factors...
Man-Made Threats to Women's Health
The expression "man-made threats" to women's health probably brings to mind environmental and occupational hazards that cause medical problems ranging from cancers to genetic defects. These are certainly important concerns for people everywhere, but...
Moeen Qureshi, Co-Chairman of the UNA-USA Sponsored International Task Force on UN Security Council Resolutions
In its Final Report, the Task Force you co-chaired argues for a better use of enforcement in Security Council resolutions. What kind of enforcement machinery is the Report recommending? The main focus of the Report is on enforcement measures under...
National Kids in Distress Project
The Christian Children's Fund (CCF), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Government of Sierra Leone came together in a unique national collaborative effort and created the Kids in Distress (KIDS) Project to address the psychosocial...
NGOs - Losing the Moral High Ground?
It may seem odd to find the topic of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the agenda of a conference on anti-corruption. For many years, NGOs have occupied the moral high ground - often thought of as forces for good, representing the true voices...
Nothing Lost, Nothing Conceded, Nothing Given Away
Secretary-General Kofi Annan used the opportunity of a statement delivered to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, in Beijing on 1 April, to elaborate upon "the nature, the demands and the promise...
Palestinian Journalists Train at UN Headquarters and in US Media Offices
As part of its Special Information Programme on the Question of Palestine, the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI) in 1997 again offered its training programme for ten Palestinian journalists to develop hands-on media skills. The...
Peacekeeping Addressed
The United Nations should continue to maintain international peace and security by effectively planning, deploying and managing peacekeeping operations, which should be provided with clearly defined mandates, objectives, command structures and secure...
Peacewatch
The year 1998 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the first United Nations peacekeeping operation - the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), which came into being in 1948. The UN Chronicle asked one of the most distinguished and career-varied...
Republic of the Congo
The deteriorating health situation in the Republic of the Congo has worsened since last year's five-month civil war, which displaced many people from the capital, Brazzaville, to Pointe Noire. On 16 January, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)...
River Blindness: Protection for 54 Cents a Year
The United Nations battle against river blindness has made outstanding progress at best. It is an example of inter-agency partnership and international cooperation against a major health and socio-economic development problem. On 27 June 1997, the...
Rwanda
The continuing spiral of violence in Burundi and Rwanda was affecting humanitarian operations in the two countries, according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on 20 January. It also said that the violence in...
Shattering the Silence of Violence against Women
The United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) has launched a $1.2-million Trust Fund dedicated to eliminating violence against women. Initially, UNIFEM has selected 23 projects in 18 countries in Africa, East and south Asia, the Middle East,...
Sierra Leone
After weeks of intense fighting in Sierra Leone in February 1998, especially around the capital of Freetown, the military junta, which under coup leader Major Johnny Paul Koroma had overthrown the democratically-elected government of President Ahmad...
Somalia
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on 12 January launched a $1.2-million project to protect civilians in Somalia, which was to set the stage for an extensive three-year civilian protection programme involving demining, the reintegration...
Sudan
As the Sudan entered its 15th consecutive year of civil war, more than 4 million people required assistance to cope with the effects of war and displacement, including malnutrition and widespread disease caused by a severe shortage of adequate health...
Taken at the Flood
At the threshold of a new century and at the end of the old wax, the world is not as secure as we had all hoped for. Over 50 million refugees and internally displaced persons - victims of over 20 crises worldwide - demand our compassion and assistance....
The Health Dimension
The World Health Organization (WHO) addresses violence against women in the context of women's health. We know that violence against women is a risk factor for many negative health outcomes, for example, injury, depression and other mental problems,...
The Humanitarian Dimension
The Security Council on 20 February unanimously adopted resolution 1153 (1998) in which it expanded the "oil-for-food" programme by authorizing Iraq to sell $5.2 billion worth of oil over a a six-month period - up from $2 billion under previous arrangements...
Weapons Whisper. War Waits. the World Watches. Wisdom Wins
The international crisis over the United Nations Special Commission's (UNSCOM) weapons inspections in Iraq was defused through the intervention of Secretary-General Kofi Annan, and the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the United Nations...
Western Sahara
The Secretary-General on 20 February reported that the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) to date had identified 90,537 potential voters to participate in the referendum, scheduled to take place on 7 December 1998....
Women Endangered, Says World Population Report
Denial of reproductive rights, including free choice with regard to pregnancy and childbearing, causes millions of deaths every year and much more illness and disability. Most of those affected are women in developing countries. Gaps in reproductive...
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