UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 3, September

African Ministers Tackle Economic Challenges of 1990s
Ministers at the twenty-sixth session of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the seventeenth meeting of the Conference of Ministers 9 May-13 May, Addis Ababa) agreed that the UN Programme of Action for African Economic Recovery and Development,...
And the Debate Continues
Some of the ideas put forward in various position papers considered by the Assembly found their way to the adopted resolution. Others will continue to feed the debate on restructuring, which will be taken up in the Assembly later this year. Some highlights...
Assembly Wants a Streamlined Council by 1992
The Economic and Social Council will have a new and streamlined work programme starting in 1992. The Council will also hold one substantive annual session instead of two; a four-day ministerial meeting will open each session. At its resumed forty-fifth...
Chemical Weapons Convention: Time of High Expectations
Delegates to the Conference on Disarmament, in the wake of a new United States proposal, expressed the belief that an international convention banning chemical weapons may be completed in 1992. "This is a time of particularly high expectations",...
Consensus Reached on Draft Principles on Nuclear Power Sources
During its 1991 session (27 May-7 June, Graz, Austria), the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space reached consensus on the text of two draft principles on the safe uses of nuclear power sources in outer space. They deal with responsibility...
Dag Hammarskjold: 'Virtuoso of Multilateral Diplomacy.' (Former United Nations Secretary General)
Thirty years have passed since the second Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjold, was killed in a tragic air. plane crash in southern Africa. in September 1961, he was on a peace mission to the then troubled nation of the Congo....
Disarmament Commission: Three New Items on Agenda
Regional approaches to disarmament the role of science and technology in the context of international security and the process of nuclear disarmament in the framework of international peace and security, with the objective of eliminating nuclear weapons,...
Elements Proposed for Political Settlement of Afghan Question
Following an intensive round of consultations on the question of Afghanistan, the Secretary-General on 21 May issued a statement containing a number of elements which, he believed, could serve as a good basis for a political settlement which could...
Emergency Aid Approved, Water Road, School Improvement Is Main Target
The United Nations will launch later in 1991 a crash emergency aid programme to help the new democratically-elected Government of Haiti improve local roads and water supply, and rehabilitate school facilities and buildings. Some 700 kilometres of...
Fresh Hope in South-East Asia
The date 14. June 1989 marked a major turning point in the history of South-East Asia, as well as international refugee policy. It was then that the Comprehensive Plan of Action (CPA) tor Indo-Chinese refugees was adopted, establishing a legal framework...
Interpreters: Inside the Glass Booth
In describing the complexities of his demanding, often stressful profession, UN Russian interpreter Preter Pyotr Avaliani said: "Simultaneous interpretation is like driving a car that has a steering wheel but no brakes and no reverse." He is one...
Narcotics Commission Strongly Backs Integrated Drug Control Programme. Tribute Paid to Assassinated Columbian Minister
The Commission on Narcotic Drugs had barely started its thirty-fourth session in Vienna when news of the murder of Colombia's former Minister of Justice Enrique Low Murtra by drug traffickers on 30 April reached the meeting. After a minute of silence...
Rights of Older Persons Backed by Economic and Social Council. Acts on Human Rights, Women, Drugs, and Other Social Issues
Older persons have the right to make decisions about their care and quality of life, and should be able to reside at home as long as possible and remain integrated in society, according to a draft set of Principles for Older Persons, recommended for...
Second Habitat Conference Recommended for 1997
The Commission on Human Settlements has recommended the convening, possibly in 1997, of a Human Settlements Conference (Habitat 2) to review the changes that have taken place in the human settlements sector since 1976. It did so at its thirteenth...
Security Council Deplores Deportation of Palestinians
The Security Council on 24 May deplored the deportation by Israel of four Palestinians on 18 May from the occupied territories and called for their safe and immediate return. In unanimously adopting resolution 694 (1991), the Council declared that...
Security Council Establishes UN Mission for Western Sahara Referendum
The Security Council on 29 April formally established the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara to implement the SecretaryGeneral's plan for a settlement of the question of Western Sahara. The Mission will be known by its French...
Security Council Implements Resolution 687, Monitors Iraqi Disarmament, Creates Compensation Fund
In the aftermath of the Persian Gulf crisis, the Security Council acted to implement its historic resolution 687 (1991), setting detailed conditions for the formal cease-fire ending the hostilities resulting from iraq's occupation of Kuwait. Among...
Security Council Supports Secretary-General's Proposal on Cyprus
In a statement on 28 June 1991 following consultations, Security Council President Jean-Jacques Bechio of Cote d'Ivoire said, on behalf of Council members, that the Council regretted that despite the Secretary-General's efforts, necessary progress...
South Africa Scraps Legal Foundation for Apartheid System
The law that laid the legal foundation for apartheid, classifying in all South Africans by race from birth, was repealed by the South African Parliament on 17 June, more than four decades after it was enacted. "Now it belongs to history", President...
Stronger International Response to Drug Problem Needed, UN Board States
Drug-related violence is escalating around the world, threatening political institutions and economies, warned the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) in its annual report for 1990. The overall situation worldwide remained grave, INCB...
Survival Is Harsh, Recovery Slow in Hard-Hit Areas
Months after the Persian Gulf war had ended, the lives of millions of people in the area were still in turmoil. Tattered social and economic structures were barely starting to recover from the ravages of war ecological disaster, civil strife and the...
The 38th Floor
Excerpts from statements by UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar made between 1 April and 30 June 1991 The heart and core of international law is the precept that nation-states must learn to live in peace with one another according to established...
The Gulf: 5 Million and Counting
It has been termed the "fastest growing refugee situation in modem history", and it does not take a historian to see that the present crisis in the Guff region has produced an unprecedented human exodus. In terms of size, scope and speed of migration,...
TNC Commission Focuses on Environment and Development
Transnational corporations (TNCs) have been urged by the Commission on TNCs to observe international environmental standards and industry-agreed guidelines in their activities. At its seventeenth session 10-19 April and 7, 10 and 15 May, New York),...
Trusteeship Council Reviews Situation in Palau
The Trusteeship Council, suspending its fifty-eighth session on 14 May, unanimously expressed the hope that the people of Palau would be able to complete the process of exercising freely their right to selfdetermination. In adopting its conclusions...
UNAVEM II Created to Verify Peaceful Transition
On 31 May in Lisbon, a historic agreement for the cessation of hostilities and peaceful transition in Angola was signed between the Angolan Government and the National Union for the Total independence of Angola (UNITA). The agreement was signed...
UNHCR: Facing the Refugee Challenge
By now, the images have become familiar to all of us: the race across a barbed-wire border on a moonless night; a boat, overcrowded with desperate people, preyed upon by modern-day pirates; cars, piled high with furniture, stuck at an entry point;...
UN Human Rights Observers for El Salvador: Ultimate Goal to Monitor Cease-Fire and Other Peace Accords
While Un-brokered negotiations between the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) picked up steam in Mexico and Venezuela, the Security Council on 20 May decided unanimously to set up a 170-member...
Unlimited Cease-Fire to Be Implemented in Cambodia; Foreign Military Assistance to Stop
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 26 June expressed gratification at the decision of members of the Supreme National Council (SNC) of Cambodia to implement an unlimited cease-fire and to stop receiving foreign military assistance. The...
WHO Vows to Eradicate Leprosy by Year 2000
The World Health Organization (WHO) has committed itself to the eradication of leprosy as a public health problem by the year 2000. Some 1,000 delegates from 166 WHO members States at the forty-fourth World Health Assembly 6- 16 May, Geneva) urged...
Women Refugees: The Caretakers Adrift
Over the past decade, stories of sexual abuse and battery, as well as economic exploitation and discrimination, have led refugee officials to regard women as the newest class of asylum seekers who require special attention. Today, 75 per cent of...
Work on Climate Treaty Begins
The date 14 June 1989 marked a major turning point in the history of South-East Asia, as well as international refugee policy. It was then that the Comprehensive Plan of Action (CPA) for Indo-Chinese refugees was adopted, establishing a legal framework...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.