UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 4, Winter

A Culture of Human Rights
The United Nations, as is the case with so many organizations today, is preparing itself for the challenges and promises of the twenty-first century. Its founders recognized over 50 years ago that, in order for the United Nations to reach its goals of...
Afghanistan
Condemning the spiral of violence and destruction in Afghanistan, Secretary-General Kofi Annan urged the Organization of the Islamic Conference on 9 December to renew efforts to help end the fighting in the region. Stressing the need for a complete...
An International Intern
This summer, about 150 interns from all over the world have joined the United Nations Headquarters in New York City for a short but exciting two-month period, and I am one of them. When I was asked to write this article, I was honoured, but also a bit...
A Permanent International Criminal Court. (Includes Related Articles on Need For/earlier Attempts to Create an International Criminal Court, How Such a Court Would Complement National Jurisdictions and Crimes against Humanity)
There is a chance that the idea of an International Criminal Court (ICC) will soon become reality once negotiations to constitute it are concluded at a diplomatic conference scheduled in Rome in the summer of 1998. In the period between the two world...
Brazil and UNICEF Join to End Child Prostitution
In Brazil, child prostitution is a widespread phenomenon and it permeates all social classes. Efforts to call attention to the problem have focused upon the areas of greatest prevalence: the gold camps of the Amazon region; the port area of Santos; and...
But Men Control the Resources
Although rural women play critical roles in households and national food security, much of their contribution is unrecognized and unpaid. Women farmers produce up to 80 per cent of the food in some countries, but they only receive 2 to 13 per cent of...
Clandestine Chemicals, Degraded Drylands
Some 110 Governments attending the ninth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer agreed on 17 September to tighten restrictions on several destructive chemicals. The Meeting, held in Montreal, Canada,...
Communicating Effectively: The United Nations in the National Media
The art of politics is to a large extent also the art of communications. To be a good or even a great communicator makes a lot of difference when it comes to convincing sceptical voters of the merits of a political message. This does not mean that expertise...
Consensus Built, 'In Part through Compromise.' (UN)(includes Related Articles on Reforms Adopted by the General Assembly, General Assembly Working Groups and the Background of the UN Reform Initiative)
After months of intensive review and negotiation, the General Assembly in November and December endorsed a number of actions proposed by the Secretary-General to reform the Organization. Mr. Annan's initiatives, which are within his purview as the United...
First Mayan Women's Congress
During the First Mayan Women's Congress, held on 10 and 11 October at the Macay Museum in Merida, Mexico, over 200 participants, including 33 Mayan women's groups, the media and representatives of ROSDES A.C - a network of non-governmental organizations...
Former Yugoslavia
The successful implementation of the results of the first municipal elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina, held on 13 and 14 September, since the signing of the Peace Agreement would be a major challenge in the coming months, Carlos Westendorp, High Representative...
From the Secretary General
The United Nations was born out of resistance to fascism and Nazism; out of the lesson that such evils call be combated only through united action by nations. The horror of the holocaust drove home to the drafters of the Charter the paramount importance...
From Village to Shantytown
One of the most striking demographic features of the last half-century is the massive influx of third world populations from rural to urban areas. During this time, populations in towns and cities increased twice as fast as in the rural countryside....
Growing from Grassroots
To initiate a new approach towards social work, I decided, with a few like-minded people, that a non-governmental organization (NGO) should be opened that would have the structure and the legal obligations of a business or corporation, believing this...
Growth and Globalization
The big story of the world economy since the early 1980s has been the unleashing of market forces. The deregulation of domestic markets and their opening up to international competition have become universal features. The "invisible hand" now operates...
Initiative: Great Lakes
The World Health Organization (WHO) and five countries of the African Great Lakes region - Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda - have recently signed in Kigali a protocol to intensify regional...
It Took Just Two Dollars for Someone to Amputate My Life
"Landmines are one of the most horrible scourges to infect the earth. This fact was brought home to me in a most personal way on the 29th of October 1995 - the day my life was changed forever when the small truck I was riding in struck a landmine", says...
Living in the Shadows
Every day, 1,000 children become infected with HIV. UNAIDS estimates that, by the end of 1997, 1 million children under the age of 15 will be living with the virus and suffering the physical and psychological consequences of infection. Since the beginning...
Our Planet Must Be Undermined
A report on current global efforts and what the UN is doing Anti-personnel landmines kill or maim an estimated 30,000 people each year. Most victims are civilians. People in some 70 countries live with the constant threat of millions of landmines and...
Poverty Eradication in Tanzania Sets Itself 2010 Target
The largest market of Dar es Salaam, the capital of the United Republic of Tanzania, is situated in Kariakoo suburb. It is also the home of Kariakoo Women's Group. This group of urban low-educated women produces various items sold in the local market,...
Reason's Solstice
Pursuit of international partnership has always required grace, agility and daring. A United Nations diplomat once likened it to the dance form which sees the performer deftly route rhythmic paths between shards of shattered glass strewn on his stage;...
Rwanda
The President of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), Laity Kama, has said its trials of persons suspected of involvement in the country's 1994 genocide are well under way. "I think we've accomplished a great deal when you look at where...
Saying What We Mean. Meaning What We Say. Together
I say "together" in the sense that we need to forge coalitions of concern on human rights issues. "Together" in the sense that we require effective ways of simultaneously advancing the two fundamental, indivisible and interdependent sets of rights: civil...
Sustainable Development Requires ... Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
A major step towards addressing the debt problems of the poorest countries in a comprehensive way was taken by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) with the endorsement by the international community of the initiative in favour of...
The Chronicle Interview: George F. Saddler
Given your long association with the United Nations, I'd like to ask your views on its reform. To my mind, the United Nations has been undergoing some type of reform almost its entire existence. Reform carries with it a positive connotation of improvement,...
The 'Problem' of Voluntary Funding
A few years ago, the then Director of Budget declared that, for the first time in the history of the United Nations, voluntary funding of the Organization had surpassed assessed funding. The founding fathers in fact made no provision in the UN Charter...
The United Nations Information System and the World Citizen
Breaking the Barriers Are we that difficult to understand? Two newly arrived Ambassadors to the United Nations, each with considerable experience of the media in their own countries, discuss the information projection capacity, and needs, of the Organization....
'They All Just Run for Posters.' (Visitors to United Nations-Sponsored Activities)
"The most interesting people I have met this year - a group of Chinese without even the basic knowledge of the English language. We could not speak, but at least we could smile. And we smiled, intensively, politely, for ten, endless minutes." As she...
Tribute to Philately
On 14 October 1997, the United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA) issued a set of six commemorative stamps and a souvenir card on the theme "Tribute to Philately". Each stamp portrays a stamp within a stamp. The original 1986 stamps on the theme "Philately...
Unreported: News on the United Nations System at Work
A groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of a new laboratory at the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) site in Seibersdorf, near Vienna, took place on 26 November. The new laboratory will serve as a Training and Reference Centre for Food...
UNRWA: Donors Dally, Finally Rally
The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) was established by the General Assembly in 1949 to help the 750,000 Palestine refugees who lost their homes and livelihood as a result of the conflict in Palestine...
Western Sahara
The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) resumed the voter identification process on 3 December, beginning at two MINURSO centres at Laayoune and Smara. A total of 12 identification centres are scheduled for operation...
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