UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 25, No. 4, December

1988 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to UN Peace-Keeping Forces; the Quest for Peace ... a Universal Undertaking
Now 10,000 strong, the United Nations peace-keepers-soldiers from countries around the world who monitor regional trouble spots-have been awarded the 1988 Nobel Peace Prize. Blue-helmeted troops gathered around their radios to hear the news at...
Afghanistan Peace Force Monitors Geneva Accords, Broad-Based National Government Suggested
United Nations military observers in September continued to monitor implementation of the fivemonth-old Afghanistan peace agreement, as withdrawal of foreign troops from the region proceeded in compliance with the settlement. Diego Cordovez, Representative...
African Recovery Committee Recommends Acceleration of Action Programme
African Governments should continue to concentrate their efforts on agriculture and financial flows to the continent should be substantially increased. These were among recommendations adopted on 24 September by the General Assembly's Ad Hoc Committee...
'A Risky Business.' (Former Under-Secretary General for Special Political Affairs, Sir Brian Urquhart) (Interview)
Former Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs Sir Brian Urquhart headed the UN peace-keeping effort for 15 years (1971-1986), after being the right hand of his predecessor-Ralph Bunche-for more than 20 years. He served with the British...
Conference on Disarmament: No Tangible Progress Reported on Chemical, Nuclear Test Bans
In spite of intensive negotiations, the Conference on Disarmament concluded its two-part 1988 session (Geneva, 2 February-29 April, 7 July-20 September) without reporting tangible progress on major disarmament issues, including such toppriority issues...
Development Strategy for 1990s Recommended by Economic and Social Council
The Economic and Social Council has recommended preparation of a global development strategy for the the last decade of the 20th century, to guide assistance and co-operation measures which aim to narrow the gap between rich and poor nations. The...
Duty in Darkness on Falcon Peak; Men and Dogs on Night Patrol in the Mountains of Southern Lebanon
A tense and total stillness prevails. This is an area where armed elements of various categories frequently intrude. Falcon Peak, a good-sized hilltop not far from Norbatt-the Norwegian Battalion-headquarters in Ebel es Saqi, has been increasingly...
Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar Made between 1 July and 30 September 1988
The guns of war are silent. . . Today, we rejoice that the guns of war are silent in some parts of the world. They will, we hope, soon become silent in others. Today, we are sustained by the growing recognition that the principles of the...
Forty-Third General Assembly Opens at a Time of Pride in UN Successes; Achievements Stem from Persistence and Dedication over Many Years
As the forty-third session of the United Nations General Assembly got under way in New York in September, the world Organization that has so often been attacked by its detractors over the years enjoyed what UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cu6llar...
International Crime, Executions, Crime Victims Discussed in Vienna
Comprehensive international policies to combat the increasing phenomenon of transboundary crime, including stricter governmental controls against toxic and nuclear waste-dumping in developing countries, were recommended by the UN Committee on Crime...
Iran-Iraq Ceasefire: UN Conducts Peace Talks in Geneva, New York
After eight years of fierce and bloody fighting between Iran and Iraq which claimed hundreds of thousands -of lives, a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire went into effect on 20 August. A first round of direct talks between the two nations began...
Negotiations on Cyprus Aim at Settlement by 1 June 1989; Leaders of Two Sides in Direct Talks for First Time in Three Years
Negotiations aimed at a comprehensive settlement of the 24-year-old Cyprus situation resumed in September, as leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities held direct talks for the first time in three years. The arrangements for...
Nuclear Waste Dumping Condemned, Protocol on Compensation Adopted
Nuclear waste dumping which endangers the environment or public health was condemned at the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at its thirty-second regular session (Vienna, 19-23 September). All States were asked...
Obligations of 'Pioneer Investors' Explored in Sea Law Commission
Informal consultations on fulfilment of obligations of "pioneer investors" registered under Resolution 11 of the Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea were held during the resumed sixth session of the Preparatory Commission for the International...
Past Peace-Keeping Operations
First UN Emergency Force (UNEF Ib 1956-1967 Mission: Secure and supervise cessation of hostilities, including withdrawal of armed forces of France, Israel and the United Kingdom from Egyptian territory. Provide buffer between Egyptian and Israeli...
Peace Plan for Western Sahara under Way
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar has appointed Hector Gros Espiell of Uruguay as Special Representative for Western Sahara to implement proposals for a peaceful settlement involving a cease-fire and a referendum for self-determination of...
Plan of Action to Help Southern African Refugees Adopted in Oslo
A Declaration and Plan of Action to help millions of refugees in southern Africa was adopted by consensus at a special three-day United Nations Conference held in Oslo, Norway, from 22 to 24 August 1988. The underlying premise: that only measures...
Proposals to Settle Kampuchean Problem Presented in Region
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, in exercise of his good offices mission, has circulated specific ideas for a &amework for a comprehensive political settlement of the Kampuchean problem and the restoration of peace and stability in the...
Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Release of Hostages Asked
Better protection of the human rights of indigenous peoples and the release of hostages in the Middle East were called for by the UN Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities at its fortieth session (8 August-2...
Security Council Demands Immediate Release of UN Peace-Keeper
The Security Council has demanded the immediate release of LieutenantColonel William R. Higgins, Chief of the UN observer group in Lebanon, who was kidnapped while on duty on 17 February. It also decided that the 5,844-strong UN peace-keeping Force...
Security Council Expresses 'Deep Distress' at Downing of Iranian Civilian Plane
Under the text (S/20038)-put forward by Council President Paulo Nogueira-Batista of Brazil following several days of consultations among Council members-the Council welcomed the decision of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), in...
The Peace Palace: Residence for Justice, Domicile of Learning
An old newsreel shows QueenMother Emma of the Netherlands entering the Palace to attend the inauguration. She wears the kind of silk, satin and lace dress with long white gloves and parasol that had been in fashion a decade earlier, when the Belle...
'The Vision Was There.' (Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs Marrack Goulding) (Interview)
Marrack Goulding has been in charge of UN peace-keeping operations since 1986, when Sir Brian Urquhart retired. After studying Greek and Latin at Oxford's Magdalen College and Arabic in Lebanon, the British diplomat served his country in Kuwait,...
Thousands in Ethiopia Work in Broiling Heat in Exchange for Grain
Slowly they descend in the pre-dawn darknes from the villages in the mountains where live. Young and old, men, women, and children walk for miles over the parched earth toward the windswept plains of Mekele, the capital of Tigre province, in northeren...
United Nations to Promote Sustainable Development
Heads of major United Nations agencies agreed at a landmark meeting in Oslo, Norway, in July, to take practical and co-ordinated steps to promote environmentally sustainable development. The two-day meeting-the first gathering of UN agency heads...
UN Plan Could 'Materialize in near Future,' Secretary-General Says
UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 3 October expressed his hope that the UNplan for Namibian independence materialize in the near future" as quadripartite talks on the subject continued Four days before, Security Council members,...
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