UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 4, December

Agreements on Bosnia Signed: Croatia Restores Control over Its Territories. Peace Remains Highest Priority. Situation Still Volatile
United Nations efforts in the former Yugoslavia continued in an environment characterized by "vicious cycles of cease-fire violations, human rights infringements, physical destruction and death", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared on 22...
'A Welcome Realism.' (from the Secretary-General's Report to the 50th General Assembly: Boutros Boutros-Ghali)(Transcript)
From the deep-rooted and far-reaching United Nations work for economic, social and humanitarian progress to the immediate and often urgent efforts to prevent, contain and resolve conflicts, what emerges from the pages of this report is an image of a...
Country Moves towards Presidential Elections: Two Missions Extended
Haiti - described as "a very poor country with 200 years of agitated history" - was moving towards presidential elections, scheduled for 17 December 1995 and 21 January 1996, with its people feeling more secure", Lakhdar Brahimi, the Secretary-General's...
ECOSOC 1995: The Action
The five-week 1995 session of the Economic and Social Council (26 June-28 July, Geneva), which represented its 50th year of action in the service of economic and social development, resulted in the adoption of 63 resolutions and nearly 100 decisions....
Ethnic Cleansing, Humanitarian Problems Addressed by Subcommission
Governments and others involved in practices of forced displacement population transfer and "ethnic cleansing" should do everything possible to immediately end them, the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities has declared,...
Five-Member Commission of Inquiry to Investigate Violence, Massacres
A five-member international Commission of Inquiry has been set up by the Security Council to establish the facts relating to the 21 October 1993 assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye of Burundi during a failed coup attempt, as well as the massacres...
Historic Agreement on High-Seas Fishing Adopted by UN Conference
A global treaty to regulate fishing on the high seas was adopted on 4 August by the UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks at its sixth session (24 July-4 August, New York). The treaty will, for the first time, legally...
Information on Biological Weapons Programme Reported Hidden
Iraq had hidden information about a biological weapons programme that had been conceptualized, researched and put into effect before the 1990 Persian Gulf war, according to Rolf Ekeus, Executive Chairman of the UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) set up under...
Law Commission Ends 1995 Session: Progress Made on Code of Crimes
Work continued on a draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind at the forty-seventh session of the International Law Commission (2 May-21 July, Geneva). The 34-member body decided to submit its final draft to the General Assembly...
Liberian Factions End Conflict: Council Extends Mandate of UNOMIL
The Security Council on 15 September welcomed the signing of a new cease-fire agreement for Liberia, the installation of a Council of State and other steps to peacefully resolve that country's six-year-old civil conflict. In adopting resolution 1014...
'Little Overall Progress' Reported
In calling upon Georgia and in particular Abkhazia - a small Georgia - to continue negotiations "as a matter of urgency", the Security Council on 18 August noted that there had been "little overall progress" in achieving a comprehensive political settlement...
'Long Live the United Nations!' (Excerpts from the More Than 200 Speeches Given at the General Assembly to Celebrate the Organization's 50th anniversary)(Transcript)(Cover Story)
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was both serious and optimistic as he addressed the leaders of the world during the special commemorative session of the UN's golden jubilee: "Your presence speaks, as you have spoken, with eloquence, of confidence...
Mine Clearance an 'Absolute Necessity.' (Land-Mine Hazards, Includes a Related Article on Banning Blinding Laser Weapons)
In declaring mine clearance an "absolute necessity", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 6 July called for the elimination of land-mines "once and for all". "We must ban their use. We must ban their production. We must destroy those that are stockpiled",...
Mission Mandate Extended to January 1996: Possibility of Withdrawal Not Ruled Out
In extending the mandate of the five-year-old UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) until 31 January 1996, the Security Council noted the Secretary-General's intention to present alternative options, including the possibility of the...
New Commission to Investigate Possible Destabilization Efforts: Arms Embargo Lifted
Reports of continuing violence and fear of retribution against returning refugees, the arming of former government forces and alarming prison conditions provided a worrisome backdrop for intensified UN efforts in Rwanda during July, August and September....
Strict Implementation of Lusaka Protocol Asked: UNAVEM III Mandate Extended
The third United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) was extended until 8 February 1996 by the Security Council, which urged the Angolan Government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) to "adhere strictly to...
The Challenge of Africa: Ministers Debate Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Conflict, New Initiatives for Development
Faced with unrelenting impoverishment, marginalization and social strife engulfing Africa - home to the greatest proportion of least developed nations in the world - ministers from every region of the world convened during the 1995 session of the UN...
The First Fifty Years: The Main Achievements
The League of Nations lasted a little more than 20 years; the United Nations has now lasted half a century. The League of Nations did not manage to achieve its principal objective: to avoid the Second World War; the United Nations has managed to achieve...
The UN Will Fulfill the Trust of the World's Peoples
"The United Nations has completed 50 years. Today we open the door to a second half-century. We have a choice to make and only we can make it. Will we walk through the door to the future with faith and determination and in solidarity? Or will it be with...
West Bank Accord Furthers Peace Process: Fourth Major Pact Signed
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 28 September welcomed another important step in the Middle East peace process - the interim agreement between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) on Palestinian self-rule...
Women's Conference Adopts 'Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.' (Breaking New Ground ... Fourth World Conference on Women)
Acknowledging "the voices of all women everywhere" and declaring that women's rights are human lights", the Fourth World Conference on Women - one of the largest world gatherings under UN auspices - concluded in China's capital city on 15 September...
Work Continues on International Criminal Court
A further step towards the creation of a new global judicial body - an International Criminal Court - was taken on 25 August, as the General Assembly was asked to work towards the early completion of a draft convention for the Court's establishment....
Work on Nuclear-Test Ban to Continue in Conference in 1996
Progress in negotiating a comprehensive test-ban treaty had been made at the Conference on Disarmament in 1995, and "strengthened determination" to resolve technical issues could bring those efforts to a successful conclusion no later than 1996, Secretary-General...
World Leaders Adopt Declaration to Commemorate 50th Anniversary of the United Nations
It was the largest gathering of world leaders in history - presidents, prime ministers, kings, princes, sultans, Heads of State and Heads of Government of all races, creeds, colour and political background. They converged on the 18-acre site of United...

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