UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 3, Fall

'2015 Will Not Come Too Soon'
Consider for a moment: * In the time it takes you to read this article, 30 adolescents will contract HIV/AIDS. * Over the next 24 hours, the equivalent of four jumbo jets full of women will die from pregnancy-related causes, 99 per cent of them...
And What Are the Pitfalls in Gender Study?
William Petty's aphorism, "to measure is the first step to improve", succinctly summarizes the role of economic and social indicators, like those of income, health, nutrition and education, in mainstreaming gender. Between measurement and improvement,...
A Private Initiative. A Global Partnership
United Nations Fund for International Partnerships Just over two years ago, on 18 September 1997, Robert Edward ("Ted') Turner III, Vice-Chairman and member of the Board of Directors of Time-Warner, Inc., announced a generous and historic gift in...
Barbados +5
Ambassador Tuiloma Neroni Slade, Samoa's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, looks to the special session of the General Assembly with optimism, and to the future development of countries like his own-with populations ranging from under...
Bluewater Blueprints ... Plus Five
Beginning at its seventh session in April, the United Nations Commission on Social Development (CSD) has been negotiating a "Declaration" of principles for adoption at the special session, and a more detailed "State of Progress and Initiatives" four...
Bridging the Economic and Social Committees
Chairing the Second Committee (Economic and Financial) of the General Assembly at its fifty-third session was very rich and challenging. Though not a total newcomer to the fold, let alone to the field, it was quite a new experience. I believe that...
Does It Matter How Hard the Work Is?
Promotion of labour intensive work raises the demand for the endowment that the poor have, and may be a cost-effective means to raising entitlements to the commodities required to meet basic needs. Raising women's income through employment may be especially...
Does the United States Need the United Nations?
In today's global village, this is somewhat like asking: "Does New York need the United States?" The problem is that we have not broken the habit of thinking of the United Nations as "them" rather than "us". Its successes are our successes; its failures...
'Edutainment'
Statistics inform us that by the time an American child is nine years of age, he or she has witnessed over 8,000 real or simulated homicides or acts of violence on American television. Responsibility for programme content has been subjugated in...
Energy and Natural Resources: Towards an Integrated United Nations Response
In the wake of the Rio Summit, major United Nations conferences were held, whose unifying theme was a global vision of sustainable development that would ensure the compatibility of human activities and the healthy state of natural resources, some...
Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya
Unless present trends dramatically decline, in the next century some 200 million girls will be subjected to FGM. Instances of its occurrence have been reported from at least 28 countries. While the practice violates the human rights of affected women...
Ethnic Tension in the Solomon Islands: An Integrated United Nations Response
The Solomon Islands, once a field in the Second World War, recently was confronted with another conflict, this time from within. Its roots lay in longstanding unresolved issues such as land ownership, control of resources and deeply embedded resentment...
Globalization's Shadow
As they had for several years, East Asia's developing economies were humming along in the first half of 1997. But that would soon end. The Thai baht had come under attack from currency speculators. In July, having depleted its foreign reserves in an...
Hague Appeal Sets a New Agenda
We came together--human rights activists, those from the spiritual and religious community, feminists, indigenous, lawyers, environmentalists, and peace organizers--to forge a culture of peace for the new century. Following 100 war-filled years and...
Hollow and Speculative?
1,500,000,000,000...one and a half trillion...dollars are exchanged each day around the globe, the number of international telephone calls has doubled in the last four years alone. 44,000 companies are global today-compared to 3,500 in the 1960s. "For...
'In the Frontline, Iran Cannot Act Alone'
Geographically, the location of Iran in south-west Asia is unique from a number of vantage points. Iran has 975 kilometres of common border with Afghanistan-the world's largest opium producer-and is considered as the shortest land route for drug transit...
Is Poverty Gendered?
Global estimates of poverty, especially those comparing its incidence among men and women, are based on very shaky data; per capita and "adult equivalent" measures do not offer answers to questions which they were not designed to address. Intra-household...
Netting the World ... in the Palm of Your Hand
Bridging communications gaps and meeting its challenges have been tough issues facing small island developing States (SIDS) in terms of their isolation, fragmentation, and geographical and infrastructural diversities. Taholo Kami, Manager of the...
Non-Crisis Economies Must Make Adjustments Too
The brunt of the world economic slow-down had been borne by the developing and transition economies, according to The World Economy in 1999, a United Nations report prepared by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). At a press briefing...
One 6 ... and Nine O's
As the world population neared 6 billion, hundreds met in New York this summer at the five-year review and appraisal of the Cairo Conference of 1994. Most United Nations Member States were represented, together with 24 accredited non-governmental organization...
On the Eve of the Millennium
A New Chapter in Human History "The birth today of the six billionth person on the planet -- a beautiful boy -- in a city returning to life, to a people rebuilding their homes, in a region restoring a culture of coexistence after a decade of war--should...
Other Peacekeeping-Related Actions
Angola: In a presidential statement on 24 August, the Council demanded that the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) immediately and unconditionally demilitarize and permit extension of State administration to areas under its...
Page from the Past Namibia
UN Chronicle March 1990: The sight was impressive: hundreds of ordinary people standing in line, often for hours under a scorching sun, waiting to vote in a process that would bring Namibia its long-awaited independence. And Secretary-General Javier...
Peacewatch
Following an open debate in the Security Council on 11 September, Indonesian President B. J. Habibie accepted a UN-authorized peacekeeping force in East Timor. The Council on 15 September, adopted Resolution 1264 (1999), acting under Chapter VII of...
Population, Progress ... and "Peanuts"
Population and development have always been key issues at the United Nations. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo recognized that if you want to limit population growth, you must provide the need of the people...
Returning to the United Nations: Then and Now
After a lapse of nearly 15 years, I have returned to New York once again to represent my country at the United Nations. During the interim, I served my Government in other diplomatic assignments and as Minister for Trade, Industry, Power and Tourism...
Shattered Cities, Seared Souls
Following the resolution of the Kosovo conflict, the Security Council on 10 June adopted resolution 1244 (1999), authorizing the Secretary-General to oversee a comprehensive peace-building operation to restore a multi-ethnic civil order and the rule...
Supporting Women's Empowerment in Djibouti
The Horn of Africa has lately attracted a lot of international attention, much of which has been focused on the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Negligible mention has been made of Djibouti, a little island of tranquillity in the backdrop of...
The Chronicle INTERVIEW
The president of the fifty-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly, Dr. Theo-Ben Gurirab, is Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Namibia, a post he has held since his country became independent on 21 March 1990, and is regarded...
The Crisis in Indonesia: Stories from the Field
Credit in crisis In March 1998, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a United Nations specialized agency, undertook two rapid assessments of the Asian financial crisis and its impact on the rural poor. The assessments revealed...
The Link between International Development and Respect for Human Rights
For far too long, the debate on human rights has been dominated by the assumption that human rights are all about civil and political rights, while development is all about economic growth. This is not the case. Combating poverty is one of the most...
Thinking Aloud
Guido de Marco of Malta Should the General Assembly President Be Included in Security Council Deliberations on Issues of Peace and Security? In the course of a meeting with the Joint Coordinating Committee of the Group of 77 and the Non-Aligned...
UNconventional: A Point of View
Remote sensing, satellite communication, navigation and positioning, along with the technologies that have spin-off towards applications in medicine, education, enrichment of knowledge and science, all these and many others are pivotal elements for...
UNDP Response to the Asian Crisis
In Thailand, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) provided immediate support to Thailand's Social Policy Committee (SPC) to oversee the national social recovery programmes under way. It proposed an action plan that covers the following areas:...
UNICEF Responses to the Asian Crisis
In Indonesia, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has launched a new Rapid Response Complementary Feeding Programme to provide low-cost complementary food for infants in selected provinces, with the aim of revitalizing the village health post-network...
Welfare's Virtuous Circle
During my participation in the twenty-first Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, I emphatically maintained the need for developing countries to firmly break out of the vicious circle: poverty-unwanted children-poverty. This vicious...