UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 47, No. 2, June

An Economic Burden on Health Services
Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviours--smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity--and result in the development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes,...
Australia's First People: Their Social and Emotional Well-Being
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians make up 2.5 per cent of the Australian population and continue to suffer disproportionately from the consequences of European settlement. The life expectancy for Indigenous Australians is 10 years lower...
Climate Change and Malaria: A Complex Relationship
Climate change is defined as a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period--typically decades or longer--that may be attributed to natural internal processes,...
Developing Global Public Health Links
The "short twentieth century", as defined by Eric Hobsbawm in 1995, was marked by important economic, social, and technical-scientific advances that improved the quality of life and health for millions of people around the world. However, as an "age...
Global Health: Priority Agenda for the 21st Century
At the core of the United Nations Millennium Declaration of 2000 are the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for 2015, which recognize that global health is a priority agenda for the twenty-first century. Achieving the MDGs is essential for world peace...
Lifestyle Diseases, the Emerging Threat: Access to Chronic Disease Care in Low-And Middle-Income Countries
Chronic, non-communicable diseases or chronic diseases, * such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, have a considerable impact on human life and the economy. They shrink the quality of life in patients, cause...
Now More Than Ever Primary Health Care
In 1978, the Declaration of Alma-Ata at the International Conference on Primary Health Care launched primary health care as a route to better health for all. The ambition was bold. The Declaration of Alma-Ata responded to a world characterized by vast...
Safe Motherhood
I It is a startling and sobering fact that every minute of every day, a woman dies in pregnancy and childbirth somewhere in the world. This equates to more than half a million women dying in pregnancy and childbirth every year, with 99 per cent of...
Their Human Rights, Mortality, and the Millennium Development Goals: How Will We Know When We Have Achieved Our Target?
The first effective attempt to promote children's rights was the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, drafted by Eglantyne Jebb in 1923 and adopted by the League of Nations in 1924. (1) On 20 November 1959, the United Nations General Assembly adopted...
Then and Now
How the world changes! Nearly a generation ago, in 1994, I served as coauthor of a major World Bank study, Better Health in Africa. Now I have the privilege to observe health issues around the world as President and CEO of the United Nations Association...
Why No One Talks about Non-Communicable Diseases
Infectious disease control was at the top of the agenda during the sixty-third session of the World Health Assembly, which took place in May 2010 in Geneva. With much attention given to progress towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development...
Will We Win and When?
It is very apt that the evolution of the HIV/AIDS epidemic should be considered in the context of global health. One of the critical aspects of global health as a field of study and practice is that it seeks not only the general improvement of health...

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