UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 1, March

47th General Assembly: Increased Responsibilities, a Wider, More Practical Role - Becoming a Functional World Parliament
With unprecedented responsibilities for maintaining international peace and security being thrust upon the UN, the forty-seventh General Assembly was summoned to take a more dynamic and practical role in mapping the political, economic and social activities...
A Record Number of Consensus Resolutions
Elaboration of a draft statute for an international criminal court should be undertaken by the International Law Commission "as a matter of priority as from its next session", stated the General Assembly on 25 November, acting on one of 13 texts recommended...
Assembly Assesses New Humanitarian Aid System
Noting the increasing number and complexity of humanitarian crises which are demanding ever greater international resources and cooperation, the General Assembly on 22 December asked the Secretary-General to review the effectiveness of the new UN humanitarian...
Assembly Commends Chemical Weapons Ban, Reviews Nuclear, Security Items; Building upon Disarmament Momentum
The first global chemical weapons ban--the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction--was formally approved by the General Assembly on 30 November. The 24-article...
Assembly Creates Sustainable Development Commission, Endorses 'Agenda 21.' (United Nations General Assembly)
The creation of a new, high-level Commission on Sustainable Development to oversee the implementation of "Agenda 21"--the wide-ranging plan adopted at the UN Conference on Environment and Development--was approved by the General Assembly on 22 December....
Assembly Welcomes Deployment of UN Observers
The deployment of UN observers in South Africa was commended by the General Assembly on 18 December (resolution 47/116 A), as were other measures taken by the Secretary-General to address the, situation there and strengthen the 1991 National Peace...
Ceremony in El Salvador Marks Formal End to 12-Year Conflict; 'From Armed Peace into a New Era.' (Central America)
Following delays and revisions to the timetable for implementing the 16 January 1992 peace agreement between the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN), a ceremony was held in San Salvador on 15...
Complete Decolonization by 2000 Pursued
Recognizing that the "eradication of colonialism is one of the priorities of the Organization for the decade beginning in 1990", the General Assembly on 25 November called upon the administering Powers to take all necessary steps to enable the peoples...
Embargo against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tightened; War Crimes Investigative Body Created
With no end in sight to the virtual state of war in the former Yugoslavia and amidst widespread reports of "unspeakable brutality", the United Nations continued its efforts to prevent further atrocities, alleviate human suffering, expedite delivery...
Empowering Women: The Call for Equal Rights
For too long, say advocates, the international community has not given women's rights the priority attention they deserve. Existing UN conventions, however, are very clear: all women have the right to an education, adequate health care and equality...
Enforcing Human Rights: The UN Machinery
In spite of the many legal instruments and procedures for protecting human rights globally, violations are still widespread. To address this problem, the World Conference on Human Rights will review existing enforcement mechanisms so that the rights...
Full Compliance with Resolutions Asked; Security Council Rejects 'In Toto' Iraq's Allegations
The Security Council, while acknowledging there had been some positive steps, declared on 24 November that iraq had not complied fully and unconditionally with its obligations under Council resolutions relating to the Persian Gulf war and called on...
Indigenous Peoples: Pressing for Greater Rights
Brutally forced off their ancestral lands in many instances, faced with discrimination and poverty, and often afforded little say in their political futures, indigenous peoples worldwide are increasingly seeking to exercise their full range of human...
Joint Meetings Held in New York; Status Quo 'Not Acceptable.' (Cyprus)
The Security Council on 25 November reaffirmed its endorsement of the set of ideas, including the territorial adjustments reflected in the 21 August 1992 report (S/244 72) of Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, as the basis for reaching an overall...
Law of the Sea Convention: Ten Years Later
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea had been a "milestone in our Organization's almost 50-year history, a milestone in the building of a true community of nations", said Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 10 December, addressing the General...
Leaders Asked to Put Peace Process Back on Track; 'A Dangerous Political and Security Situation.' (Angola)
The Security Council has appealed to Angola's two main political leaders--Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Jonas Savimbi, President of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)--to accept a UN invitation to attend...
New Declarations Adopted on Minorities, Enforced Disappearances
Two new UN declarations--on "enforced disappearances" and on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities--were adopted on 18 December by the General Assembly. They were among the more than 40 texts on...
New UN Operation to Oversee Troop Withdrawal, Elections
A new UN peace-keeping mission has been established by the Security Council to help implement a peace accord for Mozambique, signed in Rome on 4 October 1992, to end 14 years of civil war. In adopting unanimously resolution 797 (1992) on 16 December,...
Operation Restore Hope: UN-Mandated Force Seeks to Halt Tragedy
Gravely alarmed by the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in famine-stricken Somalia and dismayed by the continued looting of relief supplies and attacks on UN peace-keepers there, the Security Council on 3 December called for the use of "all...
Peace Process in Danger of Paralysis
Faced with the continuing failure of the Party of Democratic Kampuchea (PDK) to canton and demobilize its forces as required by phase II of the cease-fire in Cambodia, the Security Council on 30 November condemned the PDK and demanded that it immediately...
Report Asked on New 'Agenda for Development'; Market Reforms, Trade Discussed in Debate
How best to address the turbulent and changing world economic situation was the thrust of much of the work of the Second Committee (Economic and Financial). Recommended for General Assembly adoption were 50 resolutions and 15 decisions on a wide spectrum...
Security Council Condemns Deportation of Palestinians
The deportation to Lebanon on 17 December of some 400 Palestinians from the occupied territories was strongly condemned by the Security Council on 18 December as a contravention of Israel's obligations under the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention. In...
Steps towards Referendum to Be Taken
Secretary-general Boutros Boutros-Ghali said on 22 December that he would take "concrete steps" towards the holding of a referendum in Western Sahara at the earliest possible date, notwithstanding the continuing absence of agreement among all concerned...
The 38th Floor: Security Council Considers 'An Agenda for Peace' Proposals
A series of special Security Council meetings have been launched to review specific proposals put forward in the Secretary-General's "An Agenda for Peace", with the aim of strengthening and making more effective the capacity of the UN for preventive...
The Age-Old Dream: Freedom, Justice, Dignity for All
Forty-four years ago, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a comprehensive document eloquently sketching the inalienable rights with which all of us are born. Since then, the UN has slowly and methodically agreed on a body of...
The Nations Speak; Caught in the Throes of Pervasive Change, Seeking Effective and Swift Responses
The 1992 general debate--taking place at a time of both "unprecedented opportunities" and "sober assessment", in the words of General Assembly President Stoyan Ganev--saw a record-breaking 167 speakers address the new and complex problems facing the...
The Right to Development: A North-South Divide?
The growing economic divide between North and South may well be reflected in the upcoming World Conference on Human Rights, as many developing and industrialized countries define their human rights concerns in sharply different terms. One basic difference...
UN Team to Assess War Damage
A UN team of experts has been dispatched to Afghanistan to evaluate "war damage and destruction", and to report on requirements for the country's rehabilitation and reconstruction. The General Assembly on 18 December, in resolution 47/119, launched...
World Summit for Social Development to Be Held in Denmark in 1995; Social Committee Carries Broadest Agenda, Heaviest Workload Ever
Aiming to foster "a shared worldwide commitment to put the needs of people at the centre of development and of international cooperation", the General Assembly on 16 December decided to convene a World Summit for Social Development--at the level of...

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