UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 4, December

'A Living Reflection of the World.' (Interview with Jean Gazarian)(includes Comments on UN Activities from Jawaharlal Nehru and John F. Kennedy) (Interview)
Paris-born Jean Gazarian was for 26 years (1959-1985) the General Assembly's silent watchdog. Under his dark, alert gaze, fiery debates, Passionate and somnolent speeches, intricate procedural manoeuvering and more than one historical moment unfolded....
A Look at the World's Trouble Spots
The forty-fourth Assembly's agenda-with a record 158 items-may read to some like a catalogue of the world's ills. But the fact that an issue reaches this main global forum may be seen as a cause for hope, indicating a heightened awareness of these...
Committee Reviews 1979 Programme of Action on Science and Technology for Development
An end-of-decade review of the implementation of the 1979 Vienna Programme of Action on Science and Technology for Development highlighted the tenth session (New York, 21 August-1 September) of the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology...
Conference on Disarmament: Limited Progress Reported on Chemical Weapons Ban
The Conference on Disarmament concluded its two-part 1989 session (Geneva, 7 February-27 April, 13 June-31 August) reporting only a limited progress on a chemical weapons ban. Pierre Morel of France, Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical...
Debt Crisis Dominates Economic and Social Council Debate
The impact of the 1980s debt crisis on the world economy dominated the debate at the second regular session of the Economic and Social Council (Geneva, 5-28 July). The 54-member Council focused on how structural changes and imbalances in the world...
Decolonization Committee Reviews Situations in 18 Territories; Special Meeting on Declaration Asked
The Special Committee on decolonization at its 1989 session (New York, 7-18 August) recommended that the General Assembly hold in October 1990 a special commemorative meeting to observe the thirtieth anniversary of the Assembly's 1960 Declaration on...
'Eminent Persons' Call for Stricter Sanctions against South Africa
Sanctions against South Africa have been routinely flouted, often with the collusion of the countries that were themselves signatories to those agreements, an 11-member Panel of Eminent Persons concluded at public hearings on activities of transnational...
Fighting Back: Drugs, Terrorism, Debt, Environmental Threat
Faced with continuing threats of drug trafficking, terrorism, external debt and environmental destruction, the world community is increasingly becoming aware of the need to unite and fight back. These issues will be highlighted at the forty-fourth...
Grave Concern Expressed over Escalating Fighting in Afghanistan
Those "very serious developments", Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar said, should concern not only the Afghan people but the international community as a whole, and underline the need for a political, not military, solution to the situation....
IAEA General Conference Deals with Nuclear Safety, Environmental Issues; Approves $162 Million Budget for 1990
Nuclear safety and other environment-related issues were among the major concerns of the 1989 General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), held in Vienna from 25 to 29 September. A budget of $162.8 million, representing zero...
Inside the Blue, Green, Gold Hall
For decades the 18-acre site on the edge of New York's East River was one of general urban squalor: slaughterhouses, a railroad barge landing and tenements that nearby high-rise Tudor City apartment houses turned their back on. In 1948, when excavation...
In Tela, History Is Made
The Caribbean port city of Tela, in Honduras, is the site of what many consider a major breakthrough in the long process to end years of strife and convulsion in Central America. The agreements signed there on 7 August by the Presidents of Costa Rica,...
Joseph Nanven Garba: A Soldier-Diplomat at the Helm
A soldier turned diplomat is in command of the forty-fourth General Assembly. The unanimous election to the Assembly Presidency of Joseph Nanven Garba, a former Nigerian major-general and an experienced diplomat, author of two books on African politics,...
Law Commission Adopts Texts on Diplomatic Bag and Courier
The International Law Commission, at its forty-first session (Geneva, 2 May-21 July), adopted a set of 32 draft articles on the status of the diplomatic courier and the diplomatic bag not accompanied by diplomatic courier. It also approved two draft...
Minorities Body Acts on Hostage-Taking, Death Penalty, Other Matters
Calls for prevention of hostage-taking, protection journalists, abolition of the death penalty for persons under the age of 18, and combating environmental pollution were among the actions taken by the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination...
No Agreed Settlement but ... Paris Conference on Cambodia Clears Path towards Peace
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, after the month-long Conference on Peace in Cambodia (Paris, 30 July-30 August), said the meeting had cleared a path towards peace in that country. Cambodian parties, he said, must now travel that path, for...
Renewed Efforts Asked to Implement Resolution 598; Mandate of UNIIMOG Renewed
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar has called on Iranian and Iraqi leaders to join him in a renewed effort to complete the task of implementing Security Council resolution 598 (1987) "as the way to achieve an overall political settlement which...
Report from Tweeriviere
Christine Koerner, a West German journalist who has been a writer for the UN Yearbook since 1982, was assigned to UNTAG's Mariental distrtict, 261 kilometres southeast of Windhoek, as part of a mobile registration team to oversee registration of potential...
Sea Law Commission Focuses on Pioneer Investor Duties, Training Programme Approved
The training programme will be carried out in close co-operation between the registered pioneer investors and certifying States on the one hand, and the Preparatory Commission, on the other. Training will cover all levels and aspects of sea-bed mining...
Secretary-General Calls for Regular, Timely Payment of UN Dues
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar has called on Governments to ensure he regular and timely payment of their dues to the United Nations. "Only with a secure financial foundation can the Secretariat respond to requests for assistance with the...
Secretary-General in Namibia: The Independence Process Is 'Irreversible'; More Than 700,000 Register to Vote
An irreversible process has been set in motion", Mr. Perez de Cuellar said as he arrived at Eros Airport, in his first visit to Namibia in six years. He said he was determined to ensure that free and fair elections were held, in which all the people...
Security Council Backs UN Involvement in Central America; Panama, United States Again before Council
The Security Council on 27 July appealed for an immediate halt to all aid to irregular forces or insurrectional movements" in Central America, except for humanitarian aid. It also lent its full support to the continuation of SecretaryGeneral Javier...
Security Council Condemns Hostage-Taking and Abduction; UNIFIL Mandate Renewed
Meeting on 31 July, the Security Council condemned hostage-taking and abductions, and extended for six months the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). On 15 August, it urgently appealed for a cease-fire by parties in...
Security Council Demands Disbandment of Paramilitary Forces in Namibia
Concerned at reports of "widespread intimidation and harassment of the civilian population", the Security Council on 29 August demanded the disbandment of all paramilitary and ethnic forces in Namibia, in particular the counter-insurgency unit Koevoet,...
Security Council Regrets Deportations by Israel of Palestinians
The Security Council on 30 August deeply regretted the continuing deportation by Israel of Palestinian civilians from occupied Palestinian territories, and called for the safe and immediate return of those deported. It also reaffirmed that the 1949...
Surge in IMF Resources Recommended
Finance ministers and central bank governors from 152 member countries are expected to agree to an increase of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) reserve by as much as 67 per cent, or $80 billion by the end of the year. The increase was called...
The 38th Floor: Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar Made between 1 July and 30 September 1989
In recent months, the co-operation and hard work of the United Nations and its Members have given rise to new hopes for peace in several strife-torn regions. Yet, there is no occasion for complacency. Each step towards peace brings new challenges....
The Personal Is Political
Issues that only a few generations ago belonged mostly to the realm of the personal-how many children a woman might have or how parents treat their children, for example-have now spilled into the social and even political arenas. Certain of these issues...
The Town Hall of the World
"We are no longer in the cold war", a relaxed and assured United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar declared, just before the opening of the Assembly. "The benevolence of the political climate and the general will to pragmatic action...
The United Nations: 'At the Center of It All.' (Interview with Under-Secretary-General for Political and General Assembly Affairs and Secretariat Services, Ronald Spiers)
Donald Spiers, new Under-Secretary-General for Political and General Assembly Affairs and Secretariat Services for the United Nations, has a special vantage point from his seat at the imposing green marble dais overlooking the General Assembly Hall....
Third Review Conference on Operation of Sea-Bed Treaty Adopts Final Declaration
The Conference on Disarmament has been asked to proceed promptly" with consideration of further disarmament measures "to prevent an arms race on the sea-bed, the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof". The appeal was made by States parties to the 1972...
UNCTAD: Paving the Road for Trade and Development into the 1990s
In 1964, UN Secretary-General U Thant described it as one of the most important events since the establishment of the United Nations. Developing countries hailed it as the beginning of a new era of international cooperation in the field of trade and...
UN Pursues Peace Process in Central America; Verification Commission, Nicaraguan Election Monitors in Place
Two key components of the continuing peace process for Central America have been launched by the United Nations: the UN Observation Mission for the Verification of Elections in Nicaragua (ONUVEN) on 25 August, and, on 6 September, the International...
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