UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 27, No. 4, December

A Look Back ... 1980; INSTRAW - 10 Years Old: Working Hard to Help Women
A Look Back ... 1980 Women make up more than half of the world's population, perform two thirds of its work, receive one tenth of its income and own less than one hundredth of its property. Each woman's household work adds up to an additional month...
An 'Element of Inspiration and Calm' at UN Headquarters
An 'element of inspiration and calm' at UN Headquarters "Harmony is not always, unfortunately, the prevalent characteristic of our life and work here. But the presence of great works of art, such as the one we have received today, certainly provides...
Assembly Recognizes German Unification
Assembly recognizes German Unification On 3 October, the General Assembly recognized the unification of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The newly-unified nationw would be known as Germany. In a declaration issued...
'Big Five' Reach Final Agreement on Framework for Settlement
'Big Five' reach final agreement on framework for settlement The "Big Five"--the permanent members of the Security Council--in August reached a final agreement on a framework for a comprehensive settlement of the Cambodian problem. At an "Informal...
Central American Plan Mobilizes over $400 Million for Peace, Development
Central American Plan mobilizes over $400 million for peace, development The Special Plan was adopted in 1988 by the General Assembly (resolution 42/231) with the goal of mobilizing $2.3 billion in financial and technical assistance to the region....
Comprehensive Mandatory Sanctions Imposed against Iraq
Comprehensive mandatory sanctions imposed against Iraq Thousands of Iraqi troops had crossed their common border and, according to reports submitted by Kuwait to the UN, had systematically taken over the country, ransacking houses, plundering public...
Conference on Disarmament Focuses on Chemical Weapons Ban, Nuclear Tests
Conference on Disarmament focuses on chemical weapons ban, nuclear tests A large part of the work of the Conference on Disarmament at its 1990 session was devoted to the ongoing elaboration of a multilateral convention on the complete and effective...
Crisis in the Area of the Persian Gulf Casts Long Shadow over Forty-Fifth Assembly
Crisis in the area of the Persian Gulf casts long shadow over forty-fifth Assembly The crisis in the area of the Persian Gulf, triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, was on the mind of each and every delegate as they assembled in the huge blue, green...
Economic and Social Council Holds Second Session in Geneva; Impact of Changes in Eastern Europe Discussed
Economic and Social Council holds second session in Geneva In a session devoid of confrontation and marked by "a greater convergence of views and a pragmatic approach", according to Council President C.R. Ghrekhan of India, the Council adopted 171...
Eighth Crime Congress Looks to 21st Century; International Criminal Court, New Convention Proposed
Eighth Crime Congress looks to 21st century The Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders examined international co-operation in crime prevention and criminal justice for the twenty-first century during...
Foundation Laid for 1992 Conference on Environment and Development
Foundation laid for 1992 Conference on Environment and Development The ground-breaking UN Conference on Environment and Development, scheduled to meet in Brazil in 1992, should be convened at the highest political level--that of Heads of State or...
From Iraqi Aggression to Antarctica, from Outer Space to Crime
From Iraqi aggression to Antarctica, from outer space to crime ... It would not be surprising if one takes a cursory look at the 155-item agenda of the forty-fifth session of the General Assembly and concludes that there was hardly anything new this...
Oil Shocks Cause Alarm
Kil shocks cause alarm A world economic recession, predicted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in its annual Trade and Development Report, 1990, could have a severe impact on LDCs, as new oil-price "shocks" threaten...
Parties to Non-Proliferation Treaty Unable to Agree on a Final Declaration
Parties to Non-Proliferation Treaty unable to agree on a final declaration The Fourth Review Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which met in Geneva from 20 August to 15 September, was unable to reach...
Pediatric AIDS Now Considered a Global Threat; Millions Expected to Become Orphans
Pediatric AIDS now considered a global threat Millions expected to become orphans Alarming projections by the World Health Organization (WHO) show that the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) will become the number of killer of children in sub...
Preparatory Commission Adopts 'Understanding' on Obligations of Pioneer Investors
Preparatory Commission adopts 'Understanding' on obligations of pioneer investors The Preparatory Commission for the International Sea-Bed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, at its resumed eighth regular session (New...
Progress Made in Salvadoran Talks, Cease-Fire Target Date Passes
Progress made in Salvadoran talks, cease-fire target date passes A significant agreement on improving the human rights situation in wartorn El Salvador was reached during the third round of direct UN-sponsored talks between the Salvadoran Government...
Second LDC Conference Adopts New Action Programme in Paris
Second LDC Conference adopts new Action Programme in Paris A new Programme of Action aimed at advancing the world's poorest countries offers a "menu approach" for donors to increase their official aid to the least developed countries (LDCs), stressing...
Secretary-General Reports Progress towards Just Solution for Western Sahara
Secretary-General reports progress towards just solution for Western Sahara Following five days of talks in July with representatives of Morocco and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro (POLISARIO), Secretary-General...
Security Council Endorses Secretary-General's Plan
Security Council endorses Secretary-General's plan Security Council members on 19 July expressed full support for Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar's efforts to assist the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach a just and lasting solution...
South Africa Asked to Establish Climate Conducive to Negotiations; ANC Suspends Armed Struggle in 'Interest of Peace.' (African National Congress)
South Africa asked to establish climate conducive to negotiations The General Assembly on 17 September called on South Africa to establish a climate fully conducive to negotiations by taking steps stipulated in the Declaration on Apartheid and its...
Struggle Continues for International Consensus in Afghanistan
Struggle continues for international consensus on Afghanistan Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar said on 5 July that his Personal Representative in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Benon Sevan, had shuttled down Islamabad to Kabul and was "constantly...
Sub-Commission Recommends Third Decade against Racism
Sub-Commission recommends third decade against racism Tackling an ambitious and varied agenda, the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities at its forty-second session (Geneva, 6-31 August) recommended that the...
The 38th Floor: Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar Made between 1 July and 30 September 1990
THE 38th FLOOR A new era . . . An amibitious agenda . . . The period we have entered is Janus-faced. It wears both the aspect of hope and the countenance of dangerous unrestraint. In one major segment of world affairs, we have witnessed political...
The UN Acts
The UN Acts In an emergency meeting convened just before dawn on 2 August, shortly after Iraqi troops entered Kuwait, the Security Council condemned the Iraqi invasion and demanded that Iraq immediately and unconditionally withdraw all its forces...
Tip-Top and Tidy at UN Headquarters
Tip-top and tidy at UN Headquarters Some of them, depending on their working hours, are affectionately called "the night delegates"--part of the 150-member crew of dedicated men and women from 50 nations who strive daily to keep UN Headquarters in...
UNIIMOG Mandate Renewed, Troop Withdrawals Welcomed
UNIIMOG mandate renewed, troop withdrawals welcomed The Security Council on 27 September renewed the mandate of the United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) until 30 November. In unanimously adopting resolution 671 (1990), the Council...
WHO Predicts Dramatic Rise in Global AIDS Toll
WHO predicts dramatic rise in global AIDS toll An estimated 8 to 10 million people globally will contract the human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) that causes the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the next 10 years, a new study by the World...
World Summit for Children
World Summit for Children The World Summit for Children, held on 29 and 30 September in New York, provided a historic forum for discarding myths about development and proposing new ideas for redressing the story plight of children worldwide. Seventy-one...