UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 2, Summer

1997 Special General Assembly Review of Agenda 21 Should 'Revitalize' International Commitment to Sustainable Development
Calling for a re-energizing of commitments and a focus on practical decisions, the Commission on Sustainable Development concluded its fourth session on 3 May by issuing several recommendations to guide the June 1997 special session of the General...
1998 Special Session on Drugs Recommended: Upsurge in Abuse of Stimulants
A special session of the General Assembly, in 1998, on new strategies to combat the illicit production, sale, traffic, distribution and demand of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances has been recommended by the thirty-ninth session of the Commission...
After Beijing: Emphasis on Poverty Eradication
A "gender perspective" should be integrated by Governments and the private sector into policies and programmes dealing with poverty, child and dependent care, and the media, according to conclusions reached by the Commission on the Status of Women,...
Armed Conflict Continues
The Security Council on 15 February deeply deplored the continuation of armed hostilities in Afghanistan, which had brought "death and destruction to the people and property of the country" and threatened the peace and security of the region, and...
Cash Crunch Continues as Debt Nears $3 Billion: UN Downsizes and Looks for Savings
Under-Secretary-General for Administration and Management Joseph E. Connor, speaking at a news conference on 29 April, said that a week earlier, the United States--by a significant margin the UN's largest debtor--had approved a national budget that...
Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban 'Imperative Says Secretary-General
It was "imperative to come up with a comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty by June 1996", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the Conference on Disarmament on 19 March. "Nothing should divert you from your goal", he stated, in addressing...
'Concessions and Compromises' Needed
The Tajik parties--the Government of Tajikistan and the United Tajik Opposition--were called upon by the Security Council on 29 March to "accelerate substantially their efforts to reach agreement" on the basis of the 17 August 1995 Protocol on the...
Council Approves Export/import Monitoring Mechanism to Ensure Iraq's Weapons Programme Is Not Redeveloped
The Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, on 27 March approved an export/import monitoring mechanism to ensure that Iraq did not reconstitute its programmes for weapons of mass destruction, and demanded that Iraq unconditionally...
Embarking on a 'Road to Peace, Tolerance and prosperity.'(Haiti)
The United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH), set up by Security Council resolution 867 (1993), was extended on 29 February "for the final period of four months", until 30 June, in order to help the Government of Haiti sustain the "secure and stable...
Enhancing Support of African Development
The Special Initiative on Africa, launched globally on 15 March by the Secretary-General along with the executive heads of all UN agencies and organizations represented in the Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC), aims to give practical...
Extradite Suspects in Attempt on Egyptian President's Life or Face Diplomatic Sanctions
Sudan must take immediate action to extradite to Ethiopia three suspects wanted in connection with a 26 June 1995 assassination attempt on the life of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, or face diplomatic sanctions, according to the Security Council...
Identification of Voters Suspended as Stalemate Is Reported
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 8 May informed the Security Council that all efforts to resume the identification of potential voters in Western Sahara had failed and that he was recommending that "the process be suspended until such time...
In Face of Large-Scale Killings, Urgent Calls for Dialogue and Contingency Planning
Gravely concerned at the continued deterioration of the security situation in Burundi, which had resulted in further "large-scale killings" in Buhoro and Kivyuka, and at the increasing flow of refugees from the country, the Security Council on 15...
Peace Process Gathering New Momentum
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali hailed the Agreement on Social and Economic Aspects and Agrarian Situation in Guatemala between the Government and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG), signed on 6 May, and declared that the...
Preparatory Committee Discusses Draft for International Criminal Court
A further step towards the creation of an international criminal court to deal with genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and aggression was taken, as the Preparatory Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court undertook...
Priorities for Eliminating Disparities through Global Partnership at UNCTAD IX
Recognizing that disparities between and within nations could be eliminated only through a global partnership, member States of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) set priorities for policies and concrete action at the...
Probe into Allegations of Arms Supplies to Continue: UN Troops Leave, New Office to Be Set Up
The International Commission of Inquiry investigating reports of violations of a UN embargo on arms supply to former Rwandan Government Forces should continue to probe into allegations of weapons being shipped to former soldiers now living in refugee...
'Relatively Stable Military Environment' Established by Collective Endeavour of UN and IFOR: Implementation of Political and Civilians Undertakings Ahead
A "relatively stable military environment" for the implementation of extremely complex political and civilian undertakings had been established in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali announced on 21 March. That had...
Reproductive Rights and Health Discussed
The Commission on Population and Development, at its twenty-ninth session in New York from 26 February to 1 March, called for an accelerated international response to the challenges of the Programme of Action adopted in Cairo by the 1994 International...
Sale of Children Must Be Eliminated: Development and Gender Issues Stressed
Children are being sold for prostitution, pornography and adoption at an increasing rate worldwide. That was the harsh conclusion of Ofelia Calcetas-Santos, a Filipina lawyer serving as the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution...
Security Council Calls for Disengagement of Forces, Comprehensive Cease-Fire
The Security Council and the Secretary-General expressed shock and concern at the resumption of factional fighting in Monrovia in April, which resulted in the death of thousands of civilians and the uprooting of countless others, and called for the...
Security Council Calls on Somali Political Leaders to Return to Inclusive Negotiations
Deeply concerned about the absence of any credible progress towards national reconciliation in Somalia, the Security Council on 24 January called on all Somali political leaders and parties to return to an inclusive process of consultation and negotiation,...
Security Council Condemns Attacks on Civilians: Calls for Immediate Cessation of Hostilities by All Parties
The situation in the Middle East was seriously aggravated during February and March following a number of attacks and counter-attacks by Hamas and the Hezbullah against Israel and by Israel against the Hezbullah, which resulted in many civilian deaths....
Security Council Says Flight of Libyan Aircraft to Jeddah a Clear Violation of Resolution
The Security Council on 18 April said it considered the 16 April flight of a Libyan-registered aircraft from Tripoli to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as a clear violation of Council resolution 748 (1992) and totally unacceptable. It called on Libya to refrain...
Serious War Crimes Should Be Dealt with by Permanent International Criminal Court, Says Justice Richard Goldstone
Q: The concept of an international criminal court for crimes against humanity, initially tested after the Second World War with the Nuremberg and Tokyo War Crimes Tribunals, has been recently revived with regard to the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda....
Small Satellites, Space Debris, Sharing Outer Space Benefits Considered by Two Subcommittees
Prospects for using small satellites to bring the benefits of space technology to developing countries and discoveries in measuring and assessing the dangers posed by space debris--man-made objects in orbit around the Earth, including defunct and...
Solution Nearer on Nagorny Karabakh Issue
The parties to the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh--a mostly Armenian-populated area of Azerbaijan--had, on the whole, been observing the 12 May 1994 cease-fire, the Co-Chairmen of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk...
'Sombre Anniversary' of Worst Nuclear Disaster in History
The very name "Chernobyl"--a small Ukranian town, where a nuclear reactor exploded exactly ten years ago on the "fateful day" 26 April 1886--had become "synonymous with disaster", General Assembly President Diogo Freitas do Amaral of Portugal declared...
'Substantive Progress' towards Conflict Settlement Urged
The Security Council on 25 April, in noting with deep concern the "continued failure of the parties to achieve a comprehensive political settlement" of the conflict in Abkhazia--a small Black Sea region of Georgia--called upon them, in particular...
The Secretary-General: Excerpts from Statements by United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
To the Rio Branco Institute, Brasilia, Brazil, 29 February: The cause of democracy has found a home in the United Nations. A new international consensus has been created. Broad support has been mobilized. Advocates of democracy have used the...
The United Nations System-Wide Special Initiative on Africa: Ten-Year, $25-Billion Drive for Development
Africa is at a critical point in its history--full of renewed promise but beleaguered by economic and social emergencies that continue to drain precious resources. Recognizing this challenge of global development, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali...
With Pace of Peace Process Slow, Meeting Goals of Lusaka Protocol Will Determine UNAVEM's Continuation
The UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) has been extended by the Security Council until 11 July 1996. The Council, concerned with repeated delays in the implementation of successive timetables agreed to by the parties and with the "overall...