UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 4, December

Actors for Change: The Growth of Human Rights Institutions; India: A Society in Transition
Human rights institutions have taken root firmly in India, and these roots go deep because they are in a society whose awareness level is growing by leaps and bounds. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Sample this: Dinesh Chand Jaiswal, a young constable...
A Global Priority: Education for All
Adult literacy rates continue to be a major obstacle to achieving the six Education for All (EFA) goals and overall poverty reduction, according to the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006--Literacy for life. The report, launched by the United Nations...
A New Mindset for the United Nations
Excerpts of Kofi Annan's address to the plenary session of the World Economic Forum: A New Mindset for the United Nations on 26 January 2006 in Davos, Switzerland. In 1999, when I came here and called for a "global compact" between the United Nations...
Conversation with ... Ellen Margrethe Loj on the UN Peacebuilding Commission
Ellen Margrethe Loj (at right), Permanent Representative of Denmark to the United Nations and co-Chair of the General Assembly Working Committee on the Peacebuilding Commission, was interviewed in November 2005 by Kaveh L. Afrasiabi, founder and Director...
Critical Perspectives in Combating Genocide
Combating genocide was the focus of the fourth seminar in the "Unlearning Intolerance" series of the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI), held at UN Headquarters in New York on 21 November 2005. Jointly organized by DPI and the United...
Emerging Voices and Actions for World Renewal: Quest for Global Healing Conference
In early 2004, three individuals from San Francisco, California--the city where the United Nations was founded sixty years ago--put out a call to action to those who shared their concerns about where the world was heading. The result was the coming...
Equator Initiative: Partnering to Scale-Up Community-Based Conservation
The Equator Initiative is a partnership that brings together the United Nations, civil society, businesses, Governments and communities to help develop the capacity and raise the profile of grass-roots efforts to reduce poverty through the conservation...
Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary; Reforms Require Budget Revisions
The Fifth Committee at the sixtieth session of the General Assembly dealt with a comprehensive agenda of budgetary and administrative matters, with particular attention given to the 2006-2007 biennium budget and management reform measures. The workload...
First Committee: Disarmament and International Security; International Security Needs 'Collective Action'
The First Committee at its sixtieth session was faced with some hard decisions and difficult choices in the areas of disarmament, nuclear proliferation and international security. Chairman Choi Young-Jin of the Republic of Korea told the UN Chronicle...
Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization; Making Progress in the 'Eclectic' Committee
Some of the most contentious issues are discussed in the Fourth Committee, among them are problems in the Middle East, the ongoing decolonization process and the dangers posed by landmines, which have killed and maimed many innocent lives. Committee...
Holocaust Remembrance: A Resolution Unfolds-The World Remembers
The sixtieth session of the General Assembly saw the unanimous backing of a resolution that marks 27 January--the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp--as an annual International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of...
Human Race Day: Humanity Organized to End Poverty
A new global citizen's campaign focused on creating political will to abolish extreme global poverty and meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is organizing an annual Human Race Day of 5-kilometre walks and 10-kilometre running races simultaneously...
Improving Aid Effectiveness: Two Studies Suggest Solutions
A year after unrelenting natural disasters, aid fatigue is being reported. The unprecedented giving during the tsunami and hurricane "Katrina" disasters was accompanied by calls for greater evidence of aid effectiveness. Yet, this is an area about...
Marking Dag Hammarskjold's Centennial
The United Nations community gathered at UN Headquarters in New York on 27 October 2005 to celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of the Organization and the 100th birthday of its second Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold. The commemorative event,...
Partnerships Are Catalysts for Change
In his address at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in 1999, Secretary-General Kofi Annan challenged business leaders to join an international initiative that would bring companies together with UN agencies, labour and civil society to...
Second Committee: Economic and Financial; Hurricanes, Climate Change and Trade Challenges Facing Development
With trade, development, debt relief and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) continuing as major issues, the 2005 World Summit in September set the stage for negotiations in the Second Committee during the sixtieth session of the General Assembly....
Sierra Leone: Building on a Hard-Won Peace
The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) hosted the first-ever International Music Festival in November 2005 to mark the end of the successful UN mission in West Africa, which brought peace and political stability to a country that had...
'Silence Is Death': Towards a Woman-Centred HIV/AIDS Prevention
Secretary-General Kofi Annan highlighted in a BBC interview that the largest demographic group to be targeted by the HIV/AIDS pandemic was women. Taking stock of this reality, he stated: "We've seen women's organizations at the grass-roots level and...
Sixth Committee: Legal; Strengthening Laws against Terrorism and Other Threats
The Sixth Committee placed the issues of terrorism, the safety of United Nations personnel, and possible amendments to the United Nations Charter at the heart of its discussion during its sixtieth session. While the long-running debate on terrorism...
Sudan at War and Peace: An FAO Photo Essay
The first startling sight wasn't long in coming. A long line of white planes and helicopters at Khartoum International Airport all displayed two black initials up to two metres tall: UN. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Over the...
Teaching Women to Care for Themselves in Afghanistan
"I am illiterate and I work as a local Daya (traditional birth attendant) in my village. One night people came and picked me up to deliver a baby in their home. The woman had very serious bleeding and I could not control it because I did not know how,...
The Bird Flu: Are We Ready for a Pandemic?
"Every country we know, and every population, is at risk for pandemic influenza", according to Dr. David Heymann, Assistant Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), at a special event on avian influenza (or bird flu) at UN Headquarters...
The Holocaust and the Nuremberg Trials
The greatest tribute we can pay to the memory of those who perished in the Holocaust and similar tragedies is never to stop trying to make this a more humane and peaceful world. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The United Nations Charter of June 1945 expressed...
The Hungry Tide
AMITAV GHOSH is one of the most important Indian authors writing in English today. Born in Calcutta in 1956, he has published five internationally acclaimed novels, including The Shadow Lines and The Glass Palace, as well as In an Antique Land, a non-fiction...
The Inhumanity of Human Trafficking
A teenage girl screams in terror as she is beaten up by a man twice her size. Trapped in a squalid basement in a foreign country, bruised and bleeding, she is at the complete mercy of her captors. Having been repeatedly raped and forced into prostitution,...
The Right to Safety: Building Safe Schools for Children
No one knows exactly how many people died in the earthquake that rocked Kashmir at 9 o'clock in the morning on a school day in October 2005. However, estimates show that many of the 55,000 or more who were killed were women at home and children in...
The UN and the Global Legal Information Network
The rule of law is essential to civilized society. The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is engaged in making the law more accessible to everyone, which is an important step in the process of enhancing the rule of law. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]...
The World 'Can Take Heart' from the Montreal Climate Change Conference
The United Nations Climate Change Conference 2005, held in Montreal, Canada, from 28 November to the early hours of 10 December, was one of the largest of its kind, with 9,500 people attending, including the UN Deputy Secretary-General and the Canadian...
The World Summit: 'A Moving Force'
The Outcome document of the 2005 World Summit was the moving force behind negotiations at the sixtieth session of the General Assembly. Representing a consensus agreement by all 191 Member States of the United Nations on all major issues on the agenda,...
Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian and Cultural; Human Rights Dominate the Development Agenda
In a year that has seen a renewed commitment to social development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the Third Committee's work on social, cultural and humanitarian issues has been of particular importance. Committee Chairman Francis K....
Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS
Every 15 seconds, somewhere in the world, a child is infected with HIV. Despite recent advances in treating the virus, millions of people, especially women, are still denied access to medication to stop what Secretary-General Kofi Annan has called...