UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 3, September-November

2005 World Summit
Some 150 Heads of State and Government, the largest-ever assemblage of world leaders, gathered at UN Headquarters in New York from 14 to 16 September for the 2005 World Summit. The Summit had been originally conceived as a follow-up to the anti-poverty...
58th Annual DPI/NGO Conference: 'It's the Right Time for Change'
In the week preceding the historic 2005 World Summit, an equally diverse group of delegates assembled at UN Headquarters in New York. Like the Summit participants, they met to discuss progress on the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals...
An Opportunity to Reflect on the UN Charter
The first discussion in the United Nations sixtieth anniversary series, "Inreach/Outreach", organized by the Outreach Division of the UN Department of Public Information on 23 June 2005, presented an opportunity to reflect on the Charter of the United...
A United Nations-San Francisco Reunion for the New Millennium
Sixty years ago, the Charter of the United Nations was signed in San Francisco, marking the birth of a fledgling international body. The United Nations has since left and moved to New York City, with offices around the world, leaving San Francisco...
Chaotic Urban Transition in Africa: Zimbabwe Evictions Come at a Heavy Cost
With little or no warning, the Government of Zimbabwe in May 2005 embarked on an operation to "clean up" its cities. "Operation Murambatsvina", or Operation Restore Order, started in the capital Harare and rapidly evolved into a nationwide demolition...
Conversation with ... Romuald Sciora: 'The Price of Peace'; A Unique Way to Present the History of the United Nations
Directed by French filmmaker Romuald Sciora, "The Price of Peace" is an ambitious two-part project on the past and future of the United Nations. "Mister Secretary-General ..." is a television series on the history of the United Nations, as told by...
Democracy in the United Nations
With democratic institutions being established in countries around the world, the number of democratic nations in the United Nations rising significantly, especially since the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the creation of a democratic fund at the United...
GeSCI: Delivering ICTs in Education, Partnerships and the MDGs
The World Bank indicates that there are currently 867 million illiterate adults in the world today, 64 per cent of them women. Beyond these statistics is the reality that the quality of education in developing countries is inadequate. [ILLUSTRATION...
Grenada Rebuilds: After the Hurricane
On 7 September 2004, when Hurricane Ivan struck the Caribbean island of Grenada, Yvonne Felix lost almost everything she owned. But just over a year later, thanks to a sustainable livelihood rehabilitation project, she is now a trained and certified...
Hanging in the Balance: Conserving Biodiversity
The International Day for Biological Diversity is commemorated annually on 22 May. According to Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the theme for 2005, Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World, "reminds us of the central role of biodiversity in...
International Editor of the Year
Following are excerpts from Shukria Barakzai's acceptance speech as the 2004 International Editor of the Year, presented by Worldpress.org to editors outside the United States in recognition of enterprise, courage and leadership in advancing the freedom...
Make Every Mother and Child Count: Key Findings of the World Health Report 2005
Children are the future of society and mothers are guardians of that future. However, each year 3.3 million babies are stillborn, about 4 million die within 28 days of coming into the world and about 6.6 million children die before their fifth birthday....
Meeting the Millennium Development Goals by Thinking out of the Box
Not long ago, I was sitting on a beach in Jomtien, Thailand, watching the waves and trying to relax. As I was looking out at the beautiful ocean scene in front of me, a young Thai boy, about eight, walked down to the edge of the ocean near where I...
'My Road to Purpose'
I know something about suffering, and I know something about hope. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In 2000, I went to Viet Nam to distribute wheelchairs to physically disabled people. Our party travelled to a small village outside of Hanoi to deliver...
No Longer Behind Closed Doors: Violence against Women
Leila serves me steaming tea and reassures the baby on her lap. Her everyday actions jar with her life circumstances: she is in protective custody, a survivor of one of the most extreme domestic abuse cases being overseen by Afghanistan's post-Taliban...
Obstetric Fistula: Life Shattering but Preventable
Imagine a world without obstetric fistula. The result of an obstructed childbearing labour that sometimes lasts for days without access to timely medical attention, obstetric fistula has a devastating impact on the lives of women. During labour, the...
Obstetric Fistula: Natalie Imbruglia Sheds Light on Devastating Condition
Obstetric fistula may not be a familiar term to many, but Australian singer/actress Natalie Imbruglia is hoping to change that. A spokesperson for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)-led Campaign to End Fistula, she used a recent visit to Nigeria...
Public Goods and the Public Good
Public goods have become widely discussed in policy circles during the last five to ten years. The concept originates from economic theory and traditionally refers to a national economic system where it constitutes the essence of nation-building, particularly...
Reducing Poverty and Empowering Communities
Mohammed Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank, one day in 1974 met a woman from a small village in Bangladesh who made bamboo chairs for sale. Despite her endeavour, the woman was left with barely any profit after repaying the middlemen the money for the...
'Saving Millions of Lives, Giving Hope to Billions'
We meet at the end of an historic week for the United Nations. Progress has been made across a broader front than on any other occasion in the 60-year history of the Organization. We did not achieve everything--after all, we were ambitious, and...
Slavery in the Twenty-First Century
A recent episode of the award-winning American television series "Law and Order: Special Victims Unit" opened with the investigation of a murder of a young African boy who had been dismembered and left at what appeared to be the scene of a ritual religious...
Strengthening UN Police Mandates
At the annual session of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Jean-Marie Guehenno, in his opening remarks on 31 January 2005 said that the establishment of a standing civilian police...
The Chronicle Interview
JAN ELIASSON was unanimously elected President of the sixtieth session of the United Nations General Assembly on 13 June 2005. He took over the presidency from Jean Ping of Gabon when the Assembly opened on 13 September and has led its work during...
The First United Nations Documentary Film Festival Broadens Fan-Base
Myriad acronyms, diverse agencies and the sheer scope of responsibilities make the United Nations an organization worthy of exploring and understanding. Through the powerful medium of films, the First United Nations Documentary Film Festival was organized...
The Human Rights Obligations of Intergovernmental Organizations
Many observers agree through several lines of argument that intergovernmental organizations, such as the various bodies of the United Nations system, are subject to international human rights law and thus capable of violating human rights. If we accept...
The Market of Global Warming
The average temperature of the Earth's surface has risen by 0.6[degrees] Celsius since the late 1800s and is expected to increase by 1.4[degrees] to 5.8[degrees] by 2100. Such a drastic change has the potential to create serious consequences in the...
The United Nations Delegations Women's Club
Nearly 8,500 children in a devastated zone of Darfur, Sudan, will be able to return to school because of a humanitarian effort originating 7,000 miles away. The United Nations Delegations Women's Club (UNDWC) held an international food fair and bazaar...
'Truth Be Told': A Public Dialogue
South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission was set up as a forum for restorative justice and to expose the crimes of the apartheid era. Apart from providing much-needed exposure of that system, it encouraged informed discussions and collective...
United Nations Milestones
10 January 1946 First General Assembly, with 51 nations represented, opens in Central Hall, Westminster, London. 17 January 1946 Security Council meets for the first time in London, adopting its rules of procedure. 24 January 1946 General...
United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS Peacekeeping operations since 1948 60 Current peacekeeping operations 16 PERSONNEL Military personnel and civilian police 66,921 Countries contributing military personnel and civilian police ...
United Nations Staff Dig Deep for Hurricane Victims
Less than a week after Hurricane Katrina tore through the southern states of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana on 28 August 2005, wreaking havoc and devastation across the Gulf Coast of the United States, the United Nations system had pledged disaster...
Voices of World Leaders
Over the course of the three-day 2005 World Summit, each Member State made a statement in the high-level plenary of the General Assembly. Heads of State and Government took this opportunity to put forward their country's experience in working towards...
What the UN Can Do for the Disabled
Disability was an issue at the periphery of the United Nations agenda until 2001 when the General Assembly established the Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Persons...
World Conference of Speakers of Parliaments
Leaders of the world's parliaments met at UN Headquarters in New York from 7 to 9 September 2005 for the Second World Conference of Speakers of Parliaments, to bring their vision of multilateral cooperation to the hub of international politics. At...
World Summit Outcome Actions
World leaders, meeting at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 14 to 16 September, 2005, agreed to take action on a range of global challenges. Development * Strong and unambiguous commitment by all Governments, of donor and developing...
World Youth Report 2005: 515 Million Young People Live on Less Than $2 a Day
On 6 October 2005, the General Assembly reviewed in two plenary meetings the situation of youth and the achievements attained in the implementation of the World Programme of Action for Youth, ten years after its adoption in 1995. The World Youth Report...
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