UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 2, June-August

10 Stories the World Should Hear More About
The annual list of "10 Stories the World Should Hear More About" was launched for the second time in 2005, drawing attention to the important stories around the world that have been sidelined by such big news events as the war in Iraq and the tsunami...
A Practical Plan to Achieve the MDGs
We have the opportunity in the coming decade to cut world poverty by half. Billions more people could enjoy the fruits of the global economy, and tens of millions of lives could be saved. The practical solutions exist. The political framework is established....
Assessing the Culture of Peace
General Assembly resolution A/52/13, adopted by the United Nations in 1997, refers to a culture of peace as consisting of values, attitudes and behaviours that reject violence and endeavours to prevent conflicts by addressing their root causes to solve...
Australia's Emergency Response to the Tsunami
The tsunami of 26 December 2004 was a natural disaster of a magnitude difficult to comprehend. It touched us in so many different ways. The countries affected in the Indian Ocean are within easy reach of Australia. They are its neighbours--many Australians...
Celebrating the Human Spirit: Artists against Landmines
A decade ago, a small group of medical staff of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) changed the way the world viewed landmines. Overwhelmed by the ever-increasing number of civilian mine victims they had to treat, the group declared...
Charting a Framework for Sustainable Urban Centres in Africa
A century ago, slums were a normal feature in European cities. Their depiction in Charles Dickens' London and Emile Zola's French towns could easily be transposed to today's African urban slums of Lagos (Nigeria) or Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of...
Climate Change: Investor Summit Assesses Risks and Opportunities
Leading United States and European institutional investors, collectively managing more than $5 trillion in assets, gathered for a day-long summit at UN Headquarters in New York on 10 May 2005 to explore the financial risks and opportunities of global...
Conversation with ... Vivian Fernandez De Torrijos
Vivian Fernandez de Torrijos, First Lady of Panama since 2004 when her husband Martin Torrijos Espino was elected President, is a publicist by profession and mother of three. She has long been interested in improving the well-being of socially marginalized...
Democracy and the Market Economy: Transparency, Accountability and Participation Are Key to Fairness
Discussion on the interaction between market economy and democracy and the influence one has on the other has permeated different international meetings. It is indeed an extensive subject that includes relations between good governance, corporate governance...
Developing Global Health Strategies: Integrating Health Education and Action
Globalization, war, terrorism, social instability, disease, poverty and environmental degradation are among the key challenges facing the world today. In the health arena, individuals, institutions and Governments are taking action to address issues...
Einstein's Miracle
In celebration of the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein's annus mirabilis, or miracle year, 2005 has been variously declared the "World Year of Physics", "International Year of Physics" and "Einstein Year". A whirlwind of articles, books, websites,...
Empowering Women: Ten Years after Beijing; Commission on the Status of Women Reviews Intentions and Actions
On International Women's Day in 2003, Secretary-General Kofi Annan said: "There is no time to lose if we are to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the target date of 2015. Only by investing in the world's women can we expect to get there."...
Environmental Sustainability in Trinidad and Tobago: Ensuring Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation
Trinidad and Tobago is well on track to achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of ensuring environmental sustainability and adequate access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities for its 1.3 million population. The goal...
Fanning the Flame of Tolerance: The Role of the Media
The third seminar in the "Unlearning Intolerance" series was held at UN Headquarters on 3 May 2005 on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day. The "Fanning the Flame of Tolerance: The Role of the Media" seminar considered the effects of "hate" media...
Food Force: UN Video Game on Hunger a Surprise Smash Hit
When in April 2005 the World Food Programme (WFP) released "Food Force", the first United Nations video game, it did not expect to have a smash hit on its hands. The food aid agency was as surprised as the international games market that a non-violent...
Forging New Partnerships: The Millennium Campaign Looks to the Media
"The media very often covers development-related issues such as poverty and health, but in most cases they do not refer to the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), or to the commitment made by Governments to achieve them", says Lucille Merks of...
Keeping the Promise: Millennium Development Goals and Targets
Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Target 1 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day Target 2 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of...
Observing Post-Tsunami: A Photo Essay
On 26 December 2004, nature seemed to reveal its darker purpose, as if it were a villain by necessity, leaving an arc of destruction thousands of miles apart, from Maldives to the Horn of Africa. In April 2005, I visited the tsunami-affected areas...
Reducing Poverty in Cambodia: The Role of NGOs and CSOs in the Development Policy Process
Cambodia changed forever on 17 April 1975. As the Khmer Rouge took control of the country under the leadership of Pol Pot, stringent rules of conduct were imposed on the lives of its people. Cambodia was renamed Democratic Kampuchea and a four-year...
Safe Motherhood: A Matter of Human Rights and Social Justice
Safe motherhood means ensuring that all women receive the care they need to be safe and healthy throughout pregnancy and childbirth. For the last several decades, women's issues were compressed in the words "half of humanity", but the other half still...
Tales of Loss and Hope for the Future
I will never forget the image in my mind of the Sri Lankan homeowner sitting on the broken remains of what was once his house. As he sat there silently, he stared out to the ocean as if in a trance. His thoughts were of 26 December 2004, remembered...
The Chronicle Interview
Ousmane Sy is the key figure of decentralization and reform of governance in his country Mali, as well as in the subregion of West Africa, where he strives for the implementation of reform of governance at the local and national levels to go hand in...
The True Peacebuilders: The Importance of Cooperation to the Prevention of Armed Conflict
Conflict prevention, whether operational (through direct short-term measures aimed at diffusing a crisis) or structural (a long-term approach that strives to address underlying causes of conflict), is meant to mitigate human suffering by resolving...
UPU: A Global Forum for Cooperation and Development
The postal sector represents the largest physical distribution network and the largest employer in many countries. By linking all points within a country, even the most remote, it helps to open up distant rural areas and thus facilitate their development....
Water for All: Moving towards Access to Fresh Drinking Water and Sanitation
While over 70 per cent of the Earth's surface is covered by water, most of it is unusable for human consumption. According to the Government of Canada's Environment Department, freshwater lakes, rivers and underground aquifers represent only 2.5 per...
'We Must Make the Most of the Opportunities'
The General Assembly asked me five years ago to review progress on the Millennium Declaration, and had decided to meet to discuss it at summit level here in New York in September. But frankly, I do not think a mere review would have done justice to...
WHO Report 2005: TB Linked to HIV at Alarming Levels in Africa
The battle against tuberculosis (TB) is being successfully fought in most areas of the world, but in Africa the disease has reached alarming proportions with an increasing number of cases and deaths linked to HIV, said the World Health Organization...
Winning the Peace: Strengthening Peacebuilding through Development and Security
It has been metaphorically called the "big handshake" and more frequently described as "the nexus" or "the bridge". The link between security and development has become popularized, but it has concurrently become a matter for conjecture. While roundly...