UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 43, No. 1, March-May

Beyond Peacekeeping: The Challenges of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding in Africa
PEACEKEEPING HAS OCCUPIED a central place in United Nations activities in the last decade or so and was given added prominence following the adoption in 2000 of the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, known as the Brahimi Report....
Blinding Trachoma: Progress towards Global Elimination by 2020
Several countries are on track to eliminate the infectious eye disease, known as blinding trachoma, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on 10 April 2006. This progress results from efforts to achieve the global goal set by the World Health...
Conversation with ... Steve McCurry ... on Afghanistan
STEVE MCCURRY, whose poignant images capture the essence of human struggle and joy, is recognized as one of today's finest photographers. For more than 25 years, his images of the young and old alike have told the story of joy and suffering in the...
Education for Children with Special Needs: Difficult but Possible
IT IS RECESS TIME AT THE AMAR JYOTI SCHOOL in East Delhi, India, and the quadrangle is full of children, their happy voices echoing in every corner of the campus. At one side, a group of boys is playing cricket, while at the other, a vigorous game...
Equal Access: Making Digital Broadcast Work for Development
SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT of the Digital Broadcast Initiative (DBI) with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Fund for International Partnerships (UNFIP) and the United Nations Foundation (UNF) in August 2001, Equal Access...
From Post-Colonial to International Relations: The Growth of Multi-Ethnic, Multiracial Intergovernmental Organizations
THE EUROPEAN EMPIRES were an amalgam of independent, semi-independent and dependent territories held together by economic, strategic, political, demographic and cultural ties with the metropolitan country that varied greatly in strength and character....
General Assembly Creates New Human Rights Council
On 15 March 2006, the General Assembly decided to establish a new Human Rights Council, responsible for promoting universal respect for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of any kind and in a fair and...
Global Plan to Stop Tuberculosis: Investment in TB Control Works but Progress Uneven
Three of the world's six regions are expected to achieve targets for tuberculosis (TB) control, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report published on 22 March 2006. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]...
HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Russia: Landmark Conference in St. Petersburg
THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE to address the issues of HIV/AIDS and human rights in the Russian Federation took place in St. Petersburg, from 19 to 21 October 2005. Co-sponsored by Bard College, Smolny College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and...
'I Can Walk Again': Radiotherapy Transforms a Cancer Patient's Life
THE PAIN IN HIS BACK was so sharp that Wisdom Nutakor, a 48-year-old agribusiness expert from Accra, Ghana, swung his car to the side of the road. He was not going to work today. He phoned his wife, a registered nurse, and quickly agreed it was time...
Intellectual Property Rights: Access to Existing and New Medicines and Vaccines
An independent Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health formally presented its report to the WHO Director-General, Dr. Lee Jong-wook, recommending key actions needed to ensure that poor people in developing countries...
Interview with Holocaust Survivors
JACK and INA POLAK, authors of the best-selling book "Steel a Pencil for Me", are Holocaust survivors, whose romance took place at the Westerbork transit camp in Holland, where Jack pursued Ina in earnest through an exchange of love letters that continued...
Judicial Independence as Conflict Prevention and Resolution: The Recent Case of Ecuador's High Court
POLITICAL INTERFERENCE IN JUDICIAL systems has become a source of instability within nascent democracies and thus a growing challenge for those working internationally, including the United Nations, to prevent and resolve political and violent conflict....
Needed: A United Nations Administrative Academy
ALTHOUGH SOME MEASURE of reconstruction in failed States might, under the proper circumstances, be carried out by UN peacekeeping forces or an occupying army, recent experiences in Afghanistan and Iraq have shown that no matter how well trained its...
Of Books and Friends: Building a Library Abroad with Donated Books
THIS IS A STORY OF FRIENDSHIP, joining an American woman in fast bond with a Kenyan man, and of books, which are the frigates that sail between them. As Emily Dickinson observed, "there is no frigate like a book, to take us lands away". [ILLUSTRATION...
Panel on System-Wide Coherence Determined to Streamline the UN System
A DISTINGUISHED GROUP OF WORLD LEADERS convened on 5 April 2006 to harmonize efforts in development, humanitarian assistance and the environment across all the units of the United Nations system. Secretary-General Kofi Annan urged the panel, co-chaired...
Preventing Chronic Diseases: A Vital Investment
A NEW GLOBAL GOAL--to reduce the projected death rates from chronic diseases by 2 per cent per year until 2015-would prevent some 36 million people from dying in the next ten years, 25 million of them in Asia and the Pacific region, according to the...
Preventing Genocide and Mass Killing from a Culture of Reaction to Prevention
"EACH INDIVIDUAL STATE has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity", declared the Outcome Document adopted by the United Nations at the 2005 World Summit in September. This...
Sir Hans Singer
HANS SINGER, who died on 26 February 2006 at the age of 95, was one of the best-known and most-respected pioneering analysts of the challenges facing developing countries. His professional career spanned over seven decades and his work was recognized...
Statesmanship and Confidence-Rebuilding Required: Excerpt from Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Address to the United Nations Association of the United Kingdom on 31 January 2006 at Central Hall in Westminster, United Kingdom
MANY PEOPLE HAVE GRASPED the message of my report [In Larger Freedom]. Put simply, that message is twofold. First, we are all in the same boat. More than ever before, the human race faces global problems--from poverty and inequality to nuclear proliferation,...
'Staying Alive for Another Day'
FOR OVER 3 BILLION of the global population of 6.5 billion, poverty is a way of life. It has many faces for those who live amidst its clutches-the two most visible are the faces of hunger and lack of shelter. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] An estimated...
Students Support the Millennium Development Goals
THE WORLD'S YOUTH are working to support the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)--thanks to the United Nations, the 2005 Live8 concert, MTV and some international celebrities, such as Irish musician Bono, actor Richard Gere of the United States, singer...
Sudan 6.7 Million People Need Food Aid
THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) on 17 February 2006 said that while Sudan was likely to reap a reasonably good harvest in 2005/2006, almost 7 million people would still require food...
The Birth of the United Nations Democracy Fund
AMONG THE MANY ADVOCATES of freedom in the last century, the United Nations has been an important one, committed to spreading democracy around the world. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enunciated the essentials of democracy and, since its...
The Chronicle Interview
MILOON KOTHARI was appointed in September 2000 by the UN Commission on Human Rights as Special Rapporteur on adequate housing. His mandate involves reporting annually on the status worldwide of the realization of the rights related to adequate housing...
The Economic and Social Council, the Group of Eight and the Constitutional Paradox
AT A GUEST LECTURE I gave at the University of Stockholm in 2004 on the European Union's constitutional development, the audience was fascinated by the description of the discrepancy between "competitive Europe" and "social Europe" as it had developed...
The Inequality Predicament
MACROECONOMIC POLICIES, financial globalization and changes in labour market institutions have exacerbated inequality in recent decades, not only in income and wealth but also in access to education, health care and social protection, as well as political...
The Law of Cyber-Space
THE INTERNET IS A GLOBAL PHENOMENON. It offers a fantastically quick access to information and communication by e-mails and is quite literally at our fingertips. However, it has its downside too--among them are spam, viruses, identity theft, malicious...
The Link between Environment and Disease
"THERE IS A VERY, VERY BIG connection between the emergence of new diseases and environ-mental change", said Nick Nuttall spokesperson for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). "We are only just starting to really fully understand it." Rapid...
The United Nations as a Global Classroom
WHAT BETTER GLOBAL CLASSROOM could exist than the United Nations, where the "world" is part of its daily activities? And what more effective medium is there than film to transpose young people to worlds far beyond their imagination? [ILLUSTRATION...
The UN Peacebuilding Commission: Questions and Answers
The General Assembly, acting concurrently with the Security Council, in a historic resolution adopted on 20 December 2005, decided to establish the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission to help post-conflict countries manage the difficult transition...
Women Peacekeepers: Making a Difference
The Security Council on 27 October 2005 marked the fifth anniversary of its adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), a landmark document that addresses the impact of war on women and stresses the importance of women's participation in all aspects of United...
World Health Day 2006: Working Together for Health
THE WORLD HEALTH REPORT 2006: Working together for health was launched on 7 April to coincide with World Health Day. It contains an assessment of the current crisis in the global health workforce and an action plan over the next ten years that focuses...
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