UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 45, No. 2-3, June-September

An Era of Unprecedented Opportunity?
The world is experiencing a dramatic rise in food prices. It began gradually in 2006 and has now escalated into a massive surge. It has caused hunger, protests, riots and even fears for international security. Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries have...
Are Human Rights Universal?
On 10 December 2008, the United Nations led worldwide celebrations to commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Six decades ago, the international community affirmed that the strength of shared ideas and a common...
Bailing out Humankind from Its Social Insensitivity: The Need for a Culture of Peace
A host of world leaders met at UN Headquarters in New York on 12 and 13 November 2008 for an inter-religious and inter-cultural dialogue on a "Culture of Peace", ac the initiative of King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia. Among the Heads...
Biofuels Are No Villain
Food security has always been at the top of my agenda. Upon taking office, my government launched a major domestic programme aimed at eliminating--not just alleviating--hunger at home. In 2003, the pioneering Zero Hunger programme has allowed millions...
Feeding the Hungry in Africa: Not All Is Lost
Africa. This one word is sufficient to evoke images of a doomed people. Africa's population is largely ill-insured against external shocks brought about by natural disasters, adverse climate, war and conflict. It is here too that the ravages of the...
Flaws in the Financial System: Socializing Risk, Privatizing Profits
On the 30 October 2008, six eminent economists and sociologists at an Interactive Panel on the Global Financial Crisis, convened at UN Headquarters by the President of the sixty-third General Assembly session, Miguel d' Escoto Brockmann, spoke of the...
Living Modified Organisms, at Your Nearest Store
Over the last two decades, there has been rapid advancement in the development and application modern biotechnology--a technology that involves taking genetic material from one organism and inserting it into another to give it a desired characteristic....
Losing 25,000 to Hunger Every Day
During the past two decades, population growth, improvement in incomes and diversification of diets have steadily increased the demand for food. Prior to 2000, food prices were in decline, largely through record harvests. At the same time, however,...
Rape as a War Crime
Concerned over the security of women and girls in situations of armed conflicts, United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice stated that rape was a crime that could never be condoned; yet, women and girls around the world had been subjected to...
Saving Succeeding Generations
Coinciding with the sixty-third anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Charters, an engaging and educative panel discussion on genocide prevention, with its theme titled "Saving Succeeding Generations", was held on 26 June 2008 at UN Headquarters,...
The Benefits of World Hunger
We sometimes talk about hunger in the world as if it were a scourge that all of us want to see abolished, viewing it as comparable with the plague or AIDS. But that naive view prevents us from coming to grips with what causes and sustains hunger. Hunger...
The Case for State Intervention
In India, the problems of chronic hunger and malnutrition persist on a massive scale. The prevalence of malnutrition is one of the highest in the world, higher than in some very poor countries of sub-Saharan Africa. According to the 2007 Progress for...
The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations
Handbook is something of a misnomer for a work of this genre. The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations' contents and informed analysis are on a scale that makes it invaluable to hand for learned reference. But a handbook, as such, it is not. Rather...
The Spectre of the Khmer Rouge over Cambodia
After 27 years of international amnesia over bringing the Khmer Rouge to justice, and following six years of intense negotiations between the United Nations and the Government of Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge tribunal, officially known as the Extraordinary...
The United Nations Must Manage a Global Food Reserve
More than half of the world's 6 billion people eat rice as their staple food. Global rice prices have been rising since early 2003. Moderate increases of 9 per cent in 2006 and 17 per cent in 2007 were recorded, but since the beginning of 2008 international...
Tracing the Maize-Tortilla Chain
Mexico is the original source of maize and home to a wide biodiversity. Maize has always been the main staple food of Mexicans and the principal crop cultivated by its farmers for millennia. (1) In the twentieth century, Mexico's economic growth...
Where Food and Energy Compete
Since 2007, global food and energy prices have been increasing steeply, hitting economies reliant on energy and food imports with great force like a "silent tsunami". (1) Rising food costs have led to social unrest in some 30 countries. Food and energy...
Women's Rights as Human Rights: The Promotion of Human Rights as a Counter-Culture
Human rights are rights claimed against the State and society by virtue of being a human being. However, the human rights of most people have been continuously violated all around the world. Since all civilizations have been patriarchal, (1) regardless...
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