UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 43, No. 3, September-November

Access to Medicines
MEDICINES ACCOUNT FOR A MAJOR PROPORTION of health costs, especially in the developing world, where it is estimated that one third of the population is unable to receive or purchase essential medicines on a regular basis. Most trade in medicines takes...
A Crisis in the Dark: The Forgotten Refugees
GLOBALLY, 5.7 MILLION PEOPLE live in a prolonged state of hunger and insecurity. These are the refugees who are hopelessly confined to makeshift shelters and urban slums, abandoned and left to perish in the shadows of high-profile wars and international...
Combating Illicit Cultivations in Colombia: A Shared Global Responsibility
Economic gains made by Colombia in the last two years face diminishing results brought about by drug trafficking and illicit cultivations. Continuous coca and poppy farming has had a detrimental effect on the environment, leading to an annual loss...
Conversation with ... Ranan Lurie ... on the Uniting Painting
RANAN LURIE does not lack in accomplishment. Not only is he the world's most widely syndicated political cartoonist, he is also a Nobel Peace Prize nominee (by the Republic of Cyprus), an inventor, painter, writer and journalist. His political cartoons...
Conversation with ... Robert C. Orr on the UN Mandate Review Process
Robert C. Orr of the United States (left) was appointed Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Strategic Planning in the Executive Office of the Secretary-General on 6 August 2004. He was interviewed on 30 May 2006 by Kaveh L. Afrasiabi,...
Cuba's Free Education System Benefits Refugees
MARIE ROSE HAS NOT WASTED HER TIME. The slightly built 34-year-old Burundian refugee has a scroll full of diplomas, which she shows with a shy but proud smile. They certify that she has acquired an array of skills during her time in Cuba, successfully...
Development Helps Peace Take Root in Liberia
LIBERIA IS AT THE ONSET of what can be considered a rebirth, a new beginning for its people. In the last half-century Liberians have attained what once seemed so elusive: peace. This small West African country has rid itself of government corruption...
Different Approaches to UN Ideas: The United Nations Intellectual History Project Series
WITH THE UNITED NATIONS entering its seventh decade of existence, much has been published about its role as the foremost global peacekeeper and facilitator of diplomatic negotiations between countries. And yet an essential contribution of the Organization,...
Digital Science Libraries: Practical Approaches to Supporting Science in Developing Countries
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH drives many aspects of modern economic development. A key step towards creating a productive research infrastructure is providing scientists and engineers with access to state of the art knowledge, as well as with mechanisms...
Education for Rural People in the Caribbean: From Elitism to Equality
INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION TURNED TOWARDS the Caribbean region on the eve of a regional conference on education for rural people, which took place in Saint Lucia on 18 and 19 May 2006. Participants discussed a wide range of issues, including food, nutrition,...
EL Salvador: A Story of Hope and Perseverance
I WAS FULL OF EXCITEMENT AND ANTICIPATION as I got off the plane and stepped into the sweltering heat of San Salvador. A waiting van whisked us to our "families"--the homestay placements where we would spend the first leg of our Salvadorian journey....
Fallen Womb: The Hardest Burden for a Woman to Bear
ONE IN TEN MARRIED WOMEN IN NEPAL is estimated to suffer from a fallen womb or prolapsed uterus. This condition occurs when the cervix, along with the uterus, moves down from its normal anatomical position, because the surrounding ligaments are unable...
Flying the Rwandan Flag: Pan African Festival of Dance Salutes Reconciliation and Recovery Efforts
THE NATIONAL FLAG OF RWANDA is no longer a symbol of human betrayal and indifference. Redesigned following the 1994 genocide that took some 1 million lives, the flag is younger and more beautiful today than ever before. Its three horizontal sky blue,...
Forced Out: Feeling of Lost Hope
On 3 May 2006, an order was given to the residents of a squatter community in Cambodia that they would be sent to a new resettlement area, 23 kilometres outside of Phnom Penh, known as Trapaing Ang Chagn Village. The order was simple: "Gather up your...
Freedom to Believe: A Defining Freedom
THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY will mark in 2006 the twenty-fifth anniversary of the adoption by the United Nations of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief--the only international...
Hate Media: Gagging Cote d'Ivoire's Peace Process
SOMEWHAT REMINISCENT OF RWANDA'S Radio Mille Collines (RTLM FM), which in 1994 called for the "slaughter of all Tutsi cockroaches and their Hutu sympathizers", hate messages in Cote d'Ivoire are broadcast over local radio waves, espoused by both rebel-...
India's Other Virus: How One Victim Makes a Difference
THE TABLE TURNED DRAMATICALLY on a trafficker on 21 August 2006--her arrest was brought about by a woman she had sold into prostitution over seven years earlier. Passing through New Delhi station, Seelu recognized Rukmani and, feigning an interest...
International Children: Catalysts for Change
DOUNIA DORANI MOVED WITH her parents to Saudi Arabia at the age of 1, when her father was assigned as Charge d'affaires at the Djibouti Mission. Born in Djibouti, she was too little to know anything about her country of origin before being immersed...
Public-Private Partnerships Provide Tsunami Relief and Reconstruction: A Deepening Collaboration
THE TRAGEDY AND MAGNITUDE of the 26 December 2004 tsunami disaster touched our common humanity and prompted an outpouring of help from across the world. An unprecedented amount of support came from the private sector, and Coca-Cola was among many companies...
The Chronicle Interview
SHEIKHA HAYA RASHED AL KHALIFA of Bahrain was unanimously elected President of the sixty-first session of the United Nations General Assembly on 8 June 2006, taking over from Jan Eliasson of Sweden when the Assembly opened on 12 September. She is the...
'The Eyes of the World Are upon You': Excerpt from Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Address to the First Meeting of the Human Rights Council, Held in Geneva on 19 June 2006
IT IS HARDLY AN EXAGGERATION to say that the eyes of the world--especially the eyes of those whose human rights are denied, threatened or infringed--are upon you, they are turned towards this chamber and this Council. A great effort has been made by...
The Republic of Montenegro: The 192nd UN Member State
THE PEOPLE OF MONTENEGRO, within just two months, transformed their nation from creating a newly independent republic in a referendum in May 2006 to saluting a reinvented flag and becoming a full-fledged member of the United Nations. The country peacefully...
The Secrets of Used Clothes: Western Cast-Offs Reveal Surprising Insights
Plucked from a stuffed closet, boxed and driven to a suburban deposit bin, old jeans and college sweatshirts get a new life when donated to non-governmental collection organizations. That life, however, may begin further from home than most clothes...
The Third World Urban Forum: 'Spaceship Earth' Spiralling Irreversibly into the Urban Era
THE THIRD SESSION OF THE WORLD URBAN FORUM in Vancouver, Canada, held from 19 to 23 June 2006, drew more than 10,000 participants from over 100 countries, making it one of the largest non-legislative United Nations gatherings in recent years. It also...
The Year 2004: Responding to Challenges
In an increasingly complex international environment, the United Nations in 2004 addressed the many challenges it faced, especially on peace and security, such as the threats posed by international terrorism, conflict situations, the potential proliferation...
Trade Successes and Human Rights Failures
While Some trade relationships are highly praised, many people see them as great failures. How can something like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) among Mexico, Canada and the United States be applauded as a success by many but be disparaged...
Turning Diversity into an Asset: How Mosaic Partnerships Helps Communities Achieve Their Potential
ETHNIC DIVERSITY IS A MINE RICH WITH POSSIBILITIES. The wealth of world views and experiences of a diverse community gives rise to varied ideas, perspectives, knowledge and skills that can significantly enhance a community's ability to prosper. However,...
University of Southern California Hosts Public Diplomacy Training
FOR MOST TRAVELLERS TO LOS ANGELES, California, the last two weeks in July are prime time for vacationing. Few things could be more compelling than kicking off work shoes, putting on a swimming suit or spending lazy afternoons listening to the ocean...
What the UN Can Do to Promote Non-Formal Education
THINK OF THE UNTAPPED POTENTIAL of millions of poor children who have it in their genes to achieve great things, but fail to do so because they lack the tools to ignite their innate creativity. Imagine these poor children in a hot and dusty village,...
Why Democracy Is Good for Development
CAN DEMOCRACY DELIVER? The good news is, yes, it can. Most of the countries with the highest level of human development are democracies, while most of the poorest are autocracies. But democracy is not necessary for development. Singapore and South...
Women Presidents of the General Assembly: An Uneven Past
WHEN SHEIKHA HAYA RASHED AL KHALIFA of Bahrain was appointed President of the sixty-first session of the UN General Assembly, she became only the third woman to occupy the prestigious post (see UN Chronicle Interview on page 10). The other two--Vijaya...
Yearbook of the United Nations
MORE THAN SIXTY YEARS after its creation, the United Nations, despite recent difficulties, remains the foundation for international cooperation and action on global issues, the forum for voicing and discussing areas of concern to all nations, the prime...
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