UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 45, No. 1, March

Accelerating Development in Fragile States: The Role of the OECD Development Assistance Committee
One sixth of the world's population lives in fragile States, which are also home to one out of every three people surviving on less than a dollar a day. Of all the children in the world who die before reaching their fifth birthday, half were born in...
A Global Partnership for Development: The United Kingdom Is Committed to Playing Its Part
At the UN Millennium Summit in 2000, the international community declared it would spare no effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which included halving global poverty, getting all the world's children into school, reducing infant...
Ahead of the Curve: A Series on Development Pioneers at the United Nations
A new series in the UN Chronicle will highlight the major intellectual contributions and policy consequences of work undertaken by major researchers who worked with the United Nations system during their careers. This series of articles will profile...
Financing for Development to Reach the MDGs; the Experience in the Arab Region
Across the Arab region, progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been uneven. Arab countries with higher income per capita stand with better prospects for achieving the Goals than their low-income counterparts. Overall, progress...
Hans Singer: The Gentle Giant of UN Economists
Of the many economists who have worked for the United Nations, Hans W. Singer was the one who did more, and for more different parts of the Organization, than any other.(1) During his 22-year career with the United Nations, he worked for the Economic...
Indigenous Peoples and the MDGs: Inclusive and Culturally Sensitive Solutions
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) summarize the development targets agreed to at international conferences and world summits during the 1990s. At the end of the last century, world leaders distilled the key goals and targets in the Millennium...
Pioneer of Development Economics
W. Arthur Lewis' best-known contribution to development economics was his path-breaking work on the transfer of labour from a traditional to a modern capitalist sector in conditions of unlimited supplies of labour. His article, "Development with Unlimited...
Scaling Up Development Efforts for Africa: A Global Partnership for Development Is Vital for the Region
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) constitute a shared vision of global partnership based on mutual accountability. Developing countries have the primary responsibility for achieving these Goals. But the international community acknowledges that...
Stepping Up Efforts to Reach the MDGs: The Spain-UNDP Fund
There has been too little progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). At present, 40 per cent of the world's population is living below the minimum sanitation threshold, two thirds of all illiterate people are women...
Tackling Poverty Reduction: The Role of the Islamic Development Bank
Poverly reduction is the greatest challenge facing humanity today. An ideological commitment to reduce or eradicate this phenomenon should be contemplated as part and parcel of social moral responsibility and shared human values across countries and...
The Mdgs and the Latest Developed Countries: The Challenges for Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States
When world leaders vowed at the United Nations Millennium Summit in September 2000 to "spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty", they recognized that special measures...
The MDGS in Asia and the Pacific: Regional Partnerships Are Key to Addressing Gaps in Implementation
Progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the Asian and Pacific region is uneven. We achieved success in some, but faltered in others. Even in areas of success, in-country and intra-country disparities persist. The pace of progress...
The MDGs in Latin America and the Caribbean: Employment Remains a Challenge for Poverty Reduction
There is no doubt that Latin America is on track to meeting its commitment to halve the 1990 extreme poverty rate by the 2015 target deadline. The most recent estimates by the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) show...
The MDGs in the African Region: Efforts Need to Be Scaled Up to Accelerate Development
The midpoint to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)--the time-bound and quantified targets, agreed by world leaders at the 2000 Millennium Summit, for improving the human condition and ensuring gender equality and environmental sustain-ability--was...
The MDGs in the European Region and Beyond: A Holistic Approach Needed to Correct Uneven Progress
The regions covered by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)--the whole European continent, North America and Central Asia--are characterized by a tremendous diversity in levels of economic development. While most countries of Western...
The MDGs in the Western Asian Region; Regional Cooperation and Policies Needed to Promote Development
As the world marks the midpoint between the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000 and the target date for their achievement in 2015, an assessment of the Arab region's progress on these is both timely and essential. As a whole,...
The Millennium Campaign: Successes and Challenges in Mobilizing Support for the MDGs
It was the best news for decades, when in 2000 world leaders acknowledged that the most urgent matter at the dawn of the new century was to put an end to poverty, and that the world has the resources and the know-how to do so. With the UN Millennium...
The Norway-Tanzania Partnership Initiative: A Model for Reducing Child Mortality and Improving Maternal Health
On 29 November 2007, Norway and the United Republic of Tanzania signed a bilateral agreement to support Tanzania's efforts to reduce child mortality and maternal mortality. The modality for support is to channel funds through a common financing basket...
Trade and the MDGs: How Trade Can Help Developing Countries Eradicate Poverty
Developing countries depend on national and global economic growth to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. In this regard, international trade is recognized as a powerful instrument to stimulate economic progress and alleviate poverty....
Trading an End to Poverty; Bridging the MDG Implementation Gaps through Trade
We live in an age of wonders. From nano-surgery to space stations, networking sites to solar cells, Internet start-ups to smart capital, the world is a more connected, attractive and safe place than was dreamed possible, even fifty years ago. People...