UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 3, 2002

A Chance to Secure Our Future. (from the Secretary-General)
Imagine a world of relentless drought, storms and famine; of islands, deltas and coastal regions flooded by rising sea levels; a world where millions die of air and water pollution, while millions more flee in search of safer places to live, and...
Agenda '02
Today's world situation is markedly different in many ways from that of the 1992 Earth Summit. Globalization--fuelled by government decisions to liberalize trade and capital markets, and accompanied by privatization and deregulation of economic...
Also a Concrete Self-Interest
Can the world expect a better life for the poor with a globalized economy? Yes and No. It all depends on the capitalistic behaviour of the world, not only of the rich countries but also the rich classes of the poor and poorest countries, where they...
A Marriage between Social and Medical Sciences. (Reproductive Health)
The memorable day was 13 September 1994, in Cairo, Egypt. Representatives from 180 nations, among them thousands of women of every race and creed, jubilant for having won more than they had dared hope for. The world had publicly acknowledged that...
An Idea Whose Time Has Come
The organization I represent--the International Federation of Chemical Energy, Mine and General Workers Unions (ICEM)--was amongst the first of the global trade union federations to commit itself to the United Nations Global Compact initiated by...
An Opportunity at Johannesburg. (the State of World Population 2001)
Human activity is altering the planet on an unprecedented scale, says a report of the United Nations Population Fund, The State of World Population 2001: Footprints and Milestones: Population and Environmental Change. More people than ever before...
Breaking Down Borders
Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights declares that everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State, and the right to "leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country"....
Can the World Spare $2,000,000,000 a Month?
An additional public investment of $24 billion annually must be made in poor countries to halve the number of hungry people by the year 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOI has said. Without this investment, it...
Carter Coaches a Round: Poverty vs Development
World leaders convened on 21 and 22 February in Atlanta, Georgia a high-level Development Cooperation Forum, which was sponsored by The Carter Center (www.cartercenter.org), a non-governmental organization, and co-chaired by United States former...
Children: 'Investments, Not Expenses'
Over 2,600 delegates from 119 countries attended the United Nations Special Session on Children, which was held in New York from 8 to 10 May, to review the follow-up to the 1990 World Summit for Children. It brought together government leaders,...
Courage Needed More Than Ever. (Peace Watch)
Reacting to a speech on 24 June by United States President George Bush, Secretary-General Kofi Annan welcomed the President's reaffirmation that the outcome of the Middle East peace process should be the establishment of a viable and credible State...
Diplomacy: Too Important to Be Left to Men? (First Person)
Of the delegates from 50 countries who signed the Charter of the United Nations in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, four were women: Virginia Gildersleeve (United States), Bertha Lutz (Brazil), Wu Yi-fang (China) and Minerva Bernardino (Dominican...
El Salvador: Effecting Change from Within
Ten years after a United Nations-brokered peace plan I brought an end to El Salvador's twelve-year civil war, the institutionalized human rights violations associated with that war have been drastically reduced. While the United Nations Observer...
Emerging Technologies in Global Economic Relations. (Looking Back)
The 1979 United Nations Conference on Science and Technology completed its work with several recommendations. UNIDO (the United Nations Industrial Development Organization), like other UN organizations, wished to implement relevant recommendations....
Experience of the Attempt or the Garnish of Success? (Page from the Past)
Eric Shipton was one of the finest mountaineers of the twentieth century. He charted the route for two historic ascents in the Himalayas but never made it to the top himself. The summits of Mount Everest and Nanda Devi eluded him, though he knew...
For a Soccer Lover, It's Heaven. (Passing By)
As the whole world watched the final match on 30 June of the one-month-long 2002 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup, held for the first time in Asia, Brazil, for the fifth time in the Cup's history, came out victorious,...
Forest Files
More than a decade of discussions on how to protect the world's forests has resulted in substantial changes in the way forests are managed. Policies and programmes to help promote sustainable forest management have been devised and have taken hold...
Future Choices
We are at a crossroads with the future in our hands. The decisions taken today and tomorrow will define the kind of environment this and future generations will enjoy. GEO-3 outlines four policy approaches leading to different outcomes over the...
Global Development with Globalization from Words to Reality. (Guest Column)
It has been said that globalization has changed the lives of the people of our era faster and more unpredictably than perhaps any other phenomenon. Globalization has given hundreds of millions of people the opportunity to achieve a standard of living...
Global Warming Triggers Glacial Lakes Flood Threat. (International Year of Mountains)
We are halfway through the International Year of Mountains and the International Year of Ecotourism, intended to highlight the fragility and threats to these vital ecosystems from global warming, unsustainable tourism, pollution and other impacts,...
Half the World Will Go Urban in Five Years. (World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision)
Virtually all the population growth expected at the world level during the next thirty years will be concentrated in urban areas. Also, for the first time, the number of urban dwellers will equal that of rural dwellers in 2007. These findings...
Harmonizing Environmental and Developmental Goals. (Globe Glance)
The World Summit on Sustainable Development is the third event in a row. The first was the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. In its wake, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was founded in...
Harnessing the Energies of Youth
Any discussion of children and youth now must inevitably relate to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, which provide the road map for human development. The recent United Nations Special Session on Children exposed failures of Governments...
'If Not Now, When'? (Addressing Gender-Based Violence)
Throughout history, gender-based violence has been an integral component of armed conflict. A new report by the Reproductive Health for Refugees Consortium (RHRC) provides a narrative account of some of the major issues and programming efforts,...
If WEHAB Today, We Have Tomorrow. (Perspective)
As President Halonen observes in the preceding article, the United Nations has a central role in safeguarding global development and combining positive economic development, the well-being of the people and the environment. In the context of the...
Independence Celebrated. (Peace Watch)
The Democratic Republic of East Timor became the first country of the new millennium. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the United Nations Transitional Administration (UNTAET) on 20 May formally handed over authority to a democratically elected government...
In the Andes, New Ways of Working and of Life
William Cowper observed in The Time Piece that "mountains interposed make enemies of nations who had else, like kindred drops, been mingled into one." These words apply equally to the internal conflicts that arise over the sharing of mountain resources...
Is Ethics the Missing Link? (Thinking Aloud)
Many Governments have decided that liberalizing trade and opening up markets is the path to prosperity. And, indeed, globalization has brought undoubted benefits to many countries in all parts of the world. But its benefits have been very unevenly...
Living in the Post-Genomic Era
The completion of the sequencing of the human genome and at an accelerating pace of the genome of many other organisms has undoubtedly changed the outlook of biological research, to the point that biologists define the present one as "the post-genomic...
Long-Term UN Partner Becomes UN Member. (SystemWatch)
On 3 March 2002, both the people and the cantons (the double majority required) accepted the popular initiative on Switzerland's membership to the United Nations. On the basis of an expected decision by the competent organs of the Organization,...
Meaningful Public Participation in Business Decisions. (Global Sustainable Development: The Corporate Responsibility)
As Ambassador Lars-Goran Engfeldt notes on the preceding page, partnerships with private business will be essential components to reinforce new government commitments to sustainable development. In this special section, we bring three perspectives...
Mountain People Still Marginalized and Malnourished
Mountains are crucial to life. Hosting more bio-diversity than any other eco-region on earth, mountains also provide most of the worlds fresh water. More than 3 billion people rely on mountains for water to drink and grow food, produce electricity...
No Development without Human Rights. (RightsWatch)
Human rights and development are, and ought to be, complementary. Development, especially sustainable human development, is a key strategy for achieving the progressive realization of human rights, notably the right to an adequate standard of living....
One Expedition's Story. (International Year of Ecotourism)
An expedition, dispatched to the Himalayas to chronicle the environmental health of one the world's most famous mountain ranges, has gathered startling evidence of the impacts of climate change. Backed by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the...
Other Peacekeeping-Related Matters
Bosnia: UN Mission extended. Secretary-General Kofi Annan has recommended extending the UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) through the end of this year and reducing its strength in October 2002 as it is rapidly moving towards the completion...
Planet at a Crossroads. (Global Environment Outlook-3)
Over 70 per cent of the Earth's land surface could be affected by the impacts of roads, mining, cities and other infrastructure developments in the next thirty years unless urgent action is taken, according to the Global Environment Outlook-3 (GEO-3)...
Progress in Inter-Congolese Dialogue. (Peace Watch)
On 14 May, the head of a Security Council delegation lust back from the Democratic Republic of the Congosaid the establishment of a transitional government in Kinshasa, disarming of rebel groups and withdrawal of foreign troops were the essential...
Substantial Use Increase in 1990s. (World Contraceptive Use 2001)
Worldwide, 62 per cent or 650 million of the more than 1 billion married or in-union women of reproductive age are using contraception. In the more developed regions, 70 per cent of married women use a method of contraception, while in the less...
Sustaining Our Environment to Promote Our Development. (Science Watch)
One is tempted to ask if the title should be rephrased as "Promoting our Development to Sustain Our Environment". In either case, the complex relationship between the human race and the Earth's diverse resources--the flora and fauna, fossil fuels...
The Challenge of Climate Change. (Looking Forward)
On 9 May 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in New York after tedious negotiations throughout the night, in the best of UN traditions. On 1 May 2002, I took up my position as Executive Secretary...
The Chronicle Interview
Jane Goodall was appointed a United Nations Messenger of Peace on 16 April 2002. As such, she joins a group of nine prominent people that Secretary-General Kofi Annan has appointed to the role since 1997. Messengers of Peace help mobilize the public...
The Road from Stockholm to Johannesburg. (Essay)
The pioneering 1972 Stockholm Conference--United Nations Conference on the Human Environment--and the rapidly approaching Johannesburg Summit--World Summit on Sustainable Development, in August/September 2002--are closely linked both conceptually...
Transitional Government Elected. (Peace Watch)
Afghanistan took yet another step towards full-fledged democracy on 24 June, when President Hamid Karzai's new cabinet was sworn in. The swearing-in was the latest in a process begun in early June with the meeting of the Loya Jirga--the tribal grand...
UN and US Working Together on Peacekeeping
The United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) recently participated in a peacekeeping seminar at Montevideo, Uruguay, to provide the United States Southern Command (SouthCom) additional assistance in preparing Latin American member...
UN Reported: News on the United Nations System at Work
Can This Disaster Be Averted? On 1 July, the World Food Programme (WFP) launched massive appeal to provide emergency food relief to six countries in southern Africa where a severe food crisis is affecting nearly 13 million people. It asked for...
Whose Earth Is It Anyway? (Unconventional-A Point of View)
"The law locks up both man and woman, Who steals the goose from off the common, But lets the greater felon loose, Who steals the common from the goose." --Anonymous "Sustainability" is a word invented to establish a process of growth that...
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