Brookings Review

Quarterly magazine focuses on economic, political and foreign policy issues.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 4, Fall

A Key to Open Japan? Japan's Nonprofit Sector on the Move
Almost 25,000 nonprofit organizations are now at work in Japan, and their numbers are increasing rapidly. Since 1988 some 2,000 new nonprofit groups have sprung up--roughly 2 new ones every day. In 1992 total spending by nonprofits accounted for $64...
A New Military Equilibrium? Preventing Regional Conflicts in the Developing World
Despite early hopes for the advent of a "new world order" to succeed the Cold War, the shape of what is to come remains elusive. One possibility, however, suggested by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent Persian Gulf War in 1991, is that...
A Renewed Security Partnership? the United States and the European Community in the 1990s
The United States and Europe are at a critical turning point in the definition of their security partnership. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, most Americans assumed that the existing transatlantic security system could--and should--meet any challenges...
Beyond Self-Regulation
The American public has grown increasingly skeptical of groups and professions in our society that set their own pay and benefits, enforce their own rules, or judge their own members. Pressure from the public, the media, and academics has moved a number...
Deregulating the Federal Service: Is the Time Finally Right?
Calls to unburden the federal manager of gratuitous and counterproductive regulatory constraints governing personnel, budget, and procurement decisionmaking go back at least a decade. They are a staple of the expert's and insider's critique of government,...
Developing Confirmation Guidelines
More than a year ago, concerned about recent contentious confirmation battles over Supreme Court nominees, Senator Joseph Biden declared that "a new era must dawn." He offered two essentials for a smooth confirmation process. First, the president should...
Dreams of a Salesman: The Russian Drive to Increase Arms Exports
When, in 1992, the Russian government cut weapons purchases an almost unimaginable 68 percent, the nation's reeling defense industry seemed at first to have little choice but to undertake a definitive conversion to producing civilian goods. But while...
Fake Blood: Why Nothing Gets Done about Media Violence
The first congressional hearings on media violence were held in 1954; the most recent, last spring. During the intervening four decades, social scientists were developing new and better ways of studying the problem; the makers of media violence, new...
In Loco Parentis: Helping Children When Families Fail Them
Policy elites, whether liberal or conservative, usually explain the problems of the urban underclass in terms of wrong incentives. Liberals rail at the lack of benefits and opportunities afforded the underclass; conservatives, at the excess of benefits...
Reinventing the Dinosaur?
State and local governments, which languished only a generation ago in the backwaters of American democracy, are now leading the attack on the nation's biggest problems, from health reform to environmental protection. Today, America's governmental dinosaur...
Saving Our Way out of the Deficit Dilemma
REDUCING THE GOVERNMENT'S BUDGET DEFICIT--now about $300 billion a year, or 5 percent of GDP--has been at the top of the economic policy agenda for more than a decade. Even after the recent budget package agreed to by President Clinton and Congress,...
School Wars: A Brief History of Multiculturalism in America
Recent proposals that U.S. schools and colleges give greater emphasis to the history and accomplishments of America's racial and ethnic minorities--become more "multicultural"--have generated an intense public debate. None of the leading critics of a...
The Debate over NAFTA
As Congress prepares to vote on the North American Free Trade Agreement, debate is being seriously distorted by a failure to understand the economic implications of the proposed agreement. The effects of NAFTA on trade flows and jobs are being grossly...