Political Research Quarterly

Articles from Vol. 63, No. 2, June

An Islamic Language of Toleration: Rumi's Criticism of Religious Persecution
Persian Sufi and poet Muhammad Jalal al-Din Balkhi, 1207-73 (also known as Rumi) presents one of the most extensive and vigorous Islamic theories of toleration. This article examines Rumi's theory by placing it in its historical context, and examining...
Balance or Dominance? Party Competition in Congressional Politics
With a pioneering application of probability models in political science, Stokes and Iversen established "the existence of forces restoring party competition." Whatever the margin of victory in a given election, the partisan vote subsequently tends to...
Carving Voters Out: Redistricting's Influence on Political Information, Turnout, and Voting Behavior
This article examines how the splitting of counties into multiple congressional districts affects citizens' abilities to recall House candidates, turnout, roll off their congressional vote, and cast straight-ticket ballots. We demonstrate that while...
Data Usage in Quantitative Comparative Politics
The quantitative study of comparative politics is often described as a data-driven enterprise. Employing an original dataset of comparative politics articles published in leading academic journals between 1989 and 2007, this article offers the first...
Does Presidential Primary and Caucus Order Affect Policy? Evidence from Federal Procurement Spending
This article examines the contention that states with early presidential primaries or caucuses receive disproportionate distributive policy benefits. The basic theory is that presidential candidates pledge more federal spending per capita to these states...
Episodic Frames, HIV/AIDS, and African American Public Opinion
How are African American political attitudes influenced by the mass media? Cathy Cohen's theory of marginalization suggests that media narratives about African Americans influence their public opinion about HIV/AIDS, behaviors associated with it, and...
From Consent to Advice and Consent: Cyclical Constraints within the District Court Appointment Process
This study seeks to understand long-standing structural changes within the executive-Senate relationships that govern the judicial appointment process. Utilizing a new source of data that comprises district court appointments from 1901 through 2006,...
Gender and the Perception of Knowledge in Political Discussion
Differences in knowledge about politics between men and women have the potential to affect political discussion. We examine differences in the perception of political knowledge between men and women and the effects these differences have on how often...
Governors Turn Pro: Separation of Powers and the Institutionalization of the American Governorship
This study examines the institutional development of governors' offices. Pooled analyses from 1983 to 2004 indicate that government growth and workload foster institutionalization, as does rivalry with the legislature. Bargaining relationships with external...
Introduction: Rational Data Choice
We live in an era of unprecedented abundance of cross-national political data. The study of comparative politics disposes of more quantitative information than anytime before, and year by year the number of cross-national datasets keeps expanding. Even...
Measures of Democratization: From Degree to Type to War
The global spread of democracy has not resulted in scholarly consensus on how to conceptualize and measure democratization. The recent proliferation of hybrid regimes has encouraged attempts to empirically capture these new categories with the help of...
Measuring Electoral Systems
This article compares and assesses four freely available cross-sectional time-series data sets in terms of their information on ballot structure, district structure, and formula of the electoral system in use for lower house and, if relevant, upper house...
Measuring the Rule of Law
This article offers a comparative review of seven rule of law measures. It demonstrates that the measures differ in both form and appropriateness and that the differences have consequences for the empirical results. The shortcomings are, among others,...
Measuring Trade Union Rights through Violations Recorded in Textual Sources: An Assessment
The author uses item response theory to evaluate the increasingly prominent method of measuring labor rights developed by David Kucera. The analysis shows that most of the component items in the Kucera index relate to the same latent variable, which...
Membership Has Its Privileges: How Voluntary Groups Exacerbate the Participatory Bias
It is well established that individuals who belong to voluntary associations are more likely to participate in democratic politics. This article examines the possibility that the participation-promoting aspects of America's nonpolitical voluntary organizations...
Reducing the Costs of Participation: Are States Getting a Return on Early Voting?
The authors address the puzzle of why governments have implemented methods of early voting when those methods appear not to have an effect on turnout. Using an aggregate analysis, the authors find that early voting seems to produce a short-lived increase...
The Electoral Benefits of Distributive Spending
Prior studies search for evidence that distributive spending influences Congress members' vote shares but find limited evidence. The authors argue that Democratic and Republican members each benefit from different types of distributive projects. Democrats...
The Impact of Descriptive Representation on Women's Political Engagement: Does Party Matter?
Recent research raises doubts about whether the presence of women contesting or occupying prominent public office enhances women's political engagement. Taking into account both gender and party congruence between politicians and constituents, the authors...
The Position-Taking Value of Bill Sponsorship in Congress
What is the value of non-roll call position taking in Congress? The authors argue that non-roll call positions are used by interest groups to acquire information about the direction and intensity of legislators' preferences. Legislators, in turn, use...
Western Political Science Association
The April 2011 meeting of the Association will be held at the San Antonio Hyatt Regency Hotel, April 21-23. Manuel Avalos, University of North Carolina Wilmington, is serving as program chair for this meeting. Sonia Garcia, St. Mary's University, is...
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