Political Research Quarterly

Articles from Vol. 64, No. 2, June

Academic Politics between Democracy and Aristocracy
AbstractThe Republic's account of the relation between talking about politics and doing politics illuminates the nature of political action. Plato's Socrates argues that those who ought to govern are those who know about politics and who know what politics...
Anchoring the Portuguese Voter: Panel Dynamics in a Newer Electorate
AbstractWhile Portuguese democracy is no longer so new, its national postelection surveys are, with the first in 2002. On the vital question of what provides the voter a social-psychological anchor, initial evidence gave the nod to party identification...
Announcements
Western Political Science AssociationThe 2012 meeting of the association will be held at the Marriott Waterfront in Portland, Oregon, from March 22 to 24. Peregrine Schwartz-Shea, University of Utah, is serving as Program Chair for this meeting. Chris...
Avalanches and Olive Branches: A Multimethod Analysis of Disasters and Peacemaking in Interstate Rivalries
AbstractMultimethod analysis of earthquakes' effects in two enduring rivalries demonstrates that natural disaster can promote rapprochement, political steps toward warmer relations that make it difficult for interstate rivalry to continue. Public expression...
Cognitive Dissonance on the U.S. Supreme Court
AbstractThis research examines the applicability of cognitive dissonance theory to explain a judge's decision to author or join a separate opinion. The author proposes that, when a judge casts a counterattitudinal vote, that judge will endeavor to reduce...
Contesting the European Union? Why the Dutch and the French Rejected the European Constitution
AbstractThe process of establishing a constitution for Europe came to an end when voters in France and the Netherlands rejected the proposal. Analyzing both media coverage and survey data, this article seeks to disentangle the reasons why a majority...
Does Electoral Reform Increase (or Decrease) Political Equality?
AbstractOver recent decades, the American states have implemented electoral reforms that make it easier for citizens to register and vote. This article examines the "equality effects" of these reforms: the degree to which reform serves to equalize or...
Explaining Media and Congressional Attention to Global Climate Change, 1969-2005: An Empirical Test of Agenda-Setting Theory
AbstractAgenda theories suggest that problem indicator, focusing event, and information feedback enhance issue attention. However, few studies have systematically tested this. This study, using time series data and vector autoregression (VAR), examines...
Federalism, Efficiency, and Civil Rights Enforcement
AbstractThis article systematically compares the efficiency of federal, state, and local civil rights agencies in enforcing national fair housing policy over time, with special attention to the South. State and local agencies processed Fair Housing Act...
Informal Influences in Selecting Female Political Candidates
AbstractThe authors argue that the gender composition of party gatekeepers-those responsible for candidate recruitment- plays a crucial role in either encouraging or discouraging women candidates to run for office. Using an original data set that includes...
Judicial Politicization, Ideology, and Activism at the High Courts of the United States, Canada, and Australia
AbstractThis article proposes a new cross-national thesis for judicial decision making. The judicial politicization theory posits that judges on highly politicized high courts will be more likely to decide cases using ideological and attitudinal factors...
Legal Archaeology
AbstractThis article proposes a mode of analysis drawing from historical institutionalism and American political development but that is generated more organically from within the study of law. This approach, legal archaeology, focuses on the production...
Panel Composition and Voting on the U.S. Courts of Appeals over Time
AbstractThis article investigates two issues unexplored in studies of the relationship between panel composition and voting on three-judge panels of the Courts of Appeals: how often will panel composition influence case outcomes, and how has the relationship...
Quasi-Experimental Design, Constituency, and Advancing Women's Interests: Reexamining the Influence of Gender on Substantive Representation
AbstractResearch investigating whether female legislators provide more effective substantive representation on women's issues than their male colleagues faces a significant methodological hurdle. Models used to estimate the effect of gender on representation...
The Effectiveness of Coethnic Contact on Latino Political Recruitment
AbstractSince the 2000 presidential election, voter education and mobilization have witnessed a renaissance in targeted contact and segmented messaging. Candidates, political parties, and interest groups have taken advantage of advances in electronic...
The Executive Toolbox: Building Legislative Support in a Multiparty Presidential Regime
AbstractHow do presidents win legislative support under conditions of extreme multipartism? Comparative presidential research has offered two parallel answers, one relying on distributive politics and the other claiming that legislative success is a...
The Paradox of Redistricting: How Partisan Mapmakers Foster Competition but Disrupt Representation
AbstractThe authors examine constituency changes induced by redistricting and ask three questions: What explains the amount of instability and uncertainty induced by redistricting? Does uncertainty affect legislators' career choices? How do these changes...
Whose News Do You Trust? Explaining Trust in Private versus Public Media in Africa
AbstractWhy do citizens in postauthoritarian African democracies trust government-owned broadcast media more than they trust private broadcasters, given the public media's lack of independence and history of state propaganda? Analysis of Afrobarometer...

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