Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 2, May

Abusive Drinking in Young Adults: Personality Type and Family Role as Moderators of Family-of-Origin Influences
The fact that society is surprised when a "resilient" child emerges from a dysfunctional family reflects our limited understanding of the power of role assignments and the enduring quality of personality type, forces that interact with the influences...
Adult Children's Divorce and Intergenerational Relationships
Among the most dramatic changes in the structure of family life in the past few decades has been the increase in divorce. Marital disruption is more common today than at any time in the past; nearly two-thirds of recent first marriages will end if current...
Agreement between Parent and Child Reports on Parental Behaviors
The familial environment, especially the pervading parental attitude or emotional tone of parent-child interactions, has long been identified as an important factor in understanding child development. It is related to a variety of child variables such...
An Examination and Evaluation of Recent Changes in Divorce Laws in Five Western Countries: The Critical Role of Values
There has been a well-documented increase in the divorce rate in Western countries in the last 30 years, although the rate has been relatively stable in the last decade (Phillips, 1988). Paralleling the increase in the divorce rate have been profound...
Book Reviews -- Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction Edited by Gerald R. Patterson
This volume is the first to emerge from the Family Research Consortium (FRC), a group sponsored by The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The FRC had its origins in the mid-1980s, when NIMH brought together researchers involved in the scientific...
Book Reviews -- Divorce: Theory and Research by Joseph Guttman
The purpose of this book is threefold: (a) to offer a comprehensive view of divorce as a social, interpersonal, and psychological phenomenon; (b) to review the theory and research about divorce in the literature that focuses on the major protagonists...
Book Reviews -- Fair Start for Children: Lessons Learned from Seven Demonstration Projects Edited by Mary Larner, Robert Halpern and Oscar Harkavy
Fair Start for Children: Lessons Learned from Seven Demonstration Projects is a well-written and coherent collection of edited chapters describing an initiative designed to alleviate some of the problems facing America's children of poverty. The program...
Book Reviews -- Handbook of Adolescent Sexuality and Pregnancy: Research and Evaluation Instruments Edited by Josefina J. Card
The purpose of this book is to provide guidance in measuring constructs that are theoretically and empirically important to research on causes and consequences of adolescent pregnancy and evaluation of programs to prevent adolescent pregnancy or ameliorate...
Book Reviews -- Leaving Abusive Partners by Catherine Kirkwood
I love this book Catherine Kirkwood has translated the voices of 30 formerly abused women into descriptive, conceptual, theoretical, methodological, and practical insights the likes of which I have not seen since the Dobashes' pioneering work.Before...
Book Reviews -- Small Change: The Economics of Child Support by Andrea H. Beller and John W. Graham
Beller and Graham are economists who report on a decade of research concerning the determinants, consequences, and trends of child support awards and receipts in the United States using 1979, 1982, 1984, and 1986 census survey data. The authors examine...
Book Reviews -- Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods: A Contextual Approach Edited by Pauline G. Boss, William J. Doherty, Ralph LaRossa, Walter R. Schumm and Suzanne K. Steinmetz
The Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods: A Contextual Approach is described as "a perspective on the past and a map for the future" (p. xi), an effort on the part of "family studies to take stock of itself' (p. xi). This massive undertaking represents...
Book Reviews -- the Changing Contract across Generations Edited by Vern L. Bengston and W. Andrew Achenbaum
Recent attention has focused on the changing demographics in our society and the effects of these changes on the relationships between older and younger generations. The Changing Contract Across Generations integrates information from different areas...
Book Reviews -- Women and Families: Feminist Reconstructions by Kristine M. Baber and Katherine R. Allen
Many contemporary family studies scholars integrate feminist perspectives into their analysis or at least treat gender as a form of social organization that shapes family life. What distinguishes this book is how Kristine M. Baber and Katherine R. Allen...
Book Reviews -- Young Children's Close Relationships: Beyond Attachment (Volume 4) by Judy Dunn
This book is the fourth volume in a series on individual differences and development. The book has three underlying themes that are examined within the context of children's relationships with their parents, siblings, and friends. The first theme is...
Canadian Adoption Statistics: 1981-1990
Patterns of adolescent pregnancy resolution have changed dramatically over the past 30 years. Contrary to popular belief, there has been a decrease in the fertility rate among adolescents. In the United States, the fertility rate for adolescents aged...
Children and the Timing of Women's Paid Work after Childbirth: A Further Specification of the Relationship
The concept of opportunity cost of time, Cox hazards models, and data on 597 women from the 1983-1987 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics are used to analyze when women start paid work following a birth. By the beginning of month 5 after delivery,...
Contextual Effects on the Sexual Behavior of Adolescent Women
Much of the research addressing the causes of adolescent nonmarital sexual activity has adopted a microlevel orientation, examining the influence of the adolescent's social, psychological, and physical characteristics on his or her sexual behavior. However,...
Cultural, Family, and Personal Contexts of Parent-Adolescent Conflict
Conflict between parents and their adolescents has been the subject of considerable research attention over the past several decades. Although much of this research has been criticized as atheoretical in design (Montemayor, 1983), there have been important...
Disability in the Family: The Effects on Children's Well-Being
In 1990, 33.7 million people in the United States were limited in their usual activities by a chronic health condition or impairment (Adams & Benson, 1991). Progress in medical technology has increased the number of babies born with disabling conditions...
Does Neighborhood and Family Poverty Affect Mothers' Parenting, Mental Health, and Social Support?
How neighborhoods affect families living in them has emerged as a key question in understanding the causes and effects of urban poverty. Over the last 20 years people with low incomes have become increasingly likely to live in metropolitan areas and...
Effects of Family Environments and Parent-Child Relationships on School Adjustment during the Transition to Early Adolescence
Few social issues have received as much attention and concern in this country as the education of children and youth. Nonetheless, the number of youth who experience or are at high-risk for academic failure continues to represent a problem of epidemic...
Impact of Childhood Family Disruption on Young Adults' Relationships with Parents
This article explores the long-term implications of childhood family disruption and children's living arrangements after family disruption for parent-child relations in adulthood. Research on consequences of parental marital dissolution for children...
Impact of Maternal Drug Use and Life Experiences on Preadolescent Children Born to Teenage Mothers
The influence of maternal drug use and unconventional behavior on children's behavioral problems, cognitive functioning, and self-esteem is examined for children aged 8 and older born to adolescent mothers. Analyses are based on 581 unique mother-child...
Life Course Antecedents of Premarital Conception in Great Britain
In recent years, the concept of the life course has become an important framework within which research on human development has been structured. Human developmental and aging research has recognized the importance of events or patterns that characterize...
Marital Status and the Duration of Joblessness among White Men
The primacy of men's economic provision and the substantial impact of their economic resources on families suggests that marital status should be an important correlate of men's labor market behavior. In this article we investigate the relationship between...
Maternal Employment Experiences and Children's Behavior: A Reanalysis and Comment-Comment/reply
Recently, MacEwen and Barling (1991) published an article on the effects of maternal employment experiences on children's behavior. The authors suggest that most empirical research on the impact of maternal employment has focused on whether children...
Patterns of Relitigation in the Postdivorce Family
The involvement of divorcing families with the court system is commonly thought to be transient, ending with the ratification of the terms of the divorce, and, subsequently, with divorce itself. This is the case with some families, whose involvement...
Regional Differences in Attitudes toward Corporal Punishment
Corporal punishment is deeply rooted in American culture. Strong legal and religious traditions in this country support the use of physical punishment of children by both parents and school officials (Graziano & Kunce, 1992; Graziano & Namaste,...
The Impact of Mothers' Parenting, Involvement by Nonresidential Fathers, and Parental Conflict on the Adjustment of Adolescent Children
By one estimate, 44% of children born between 1970 and 1984 will live for a time in a single-parent family (Bumpass & Sweet, 1989), and Furstenberg and Cherlin (1991) project that 60% of children born in the 1990s will have this experience. Unfortunately,...

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