Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 2, May

Adoption, Identity, and Kinship: The Debate over Sealed Birth Records
Adoption, Identity, and Kinship: The Debate Over Sealed Birth Records. Katarina Wegar. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1997. 169 pp. ISBN 0-300-06759-3. $22.50 cloth. In this book, Katarina Wegar, a sociologist, attempts to make explicit the implicit...
Adoption Policy and Special Needs Children
Adoption Policy and Special Needs Children. Rosemary J. Avery (Ed.). Westport, CT: Auburn House. 1997. 240 pp. ISBN 0-86569212-2. $55.00 cloth. Recently, I heard about the case of a 10-yearold boy left in limbo by a bureaucratic debate over payment for...
An Empirical Typology of Drinking Partnerships and Their Relationship to Marital Functioning and Drinking Consequences
Using cluster analysis, we identified a natural typology of drinking partnerships in early marriage. We found an interpretable five-cl(ster solution that evidenced significant and meaningful relationships with both marital functioning and drinking con.sequences....
Born to Rebel: Birth Order, Family Dynamics, and Creative Lives
Born to Rebel: Birth Order, Family Dynamics, and Creative Lives. Frank J. Sulloway. New York: Pantheon Books. 1996. 653 pp. ISBN 0-67944232-4. $16.00. Born to Rebel is a lengthy and ambitious book. Apart from its main story, 70 of its 653 pages are devoted...
Consuming the Romantic Utopia: Love and the Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
Consuming the Romantic Utopia: Love and the Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism. Eva I1louz. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1997. 371 pp. ISBN 0-520-20275-9. $45.00 cloth. Time was in Western culture when marriage was unabashedly an economic...
Culture, Parental Conflict, Parental Marital Status, and the Subjective Well-Being of Young Adults
We examined the association between parental marital status, marital conflict, and culture (individualism-collectivism, divorce rate), and the subjective well-being of young adults. Study I assessed 2,625 men and 4,118 women from 39 countries on 6 continents....
Domestic Violence, Personal Control, and Gender
DEBRA UMBERSON University of Texas KRISTIN ANDERSON Drew University* JENNIFER GLICK Brown University** ADAM SHAPIRO University of North Florida*** Research on perpetrators of domestic violence suggests that acts of violence may result .from feelings...
Economic Well-Being Following an Exit from Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Much previous research has focused on how long families receive Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) before leaving the program and whether and when they return to the program following an exit. Few quantitative studies have looked at broader...
Family Processes, Parent-Child Interactions, and Child Characteristics Influencing School-Based Social Adjustment
This investigation examined the relationship between family processes and children's schoolbased social adjustment for a sample of 161 fourth-grade and 151 seventh-grade children. The study examined the direct and indirect associations among general...
Gender Issues in Elder Abuse
Gender Issues in Elder Abuse. Lynda Aitken & Gabriele Griffin. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1996. 179 pp. ISBN 0-8039-7523-6. $23.95 paper "Young male thug rapes old woman." This newspaper headline, or some variant on it, is becoming increasingly common...
Intergenerational Ambivalence: A New Approach to the Study of Parent-Child Relations in Later Life
KURT LUESCHER University of Konstanz KARL PILLEMER Cornell University* Social scientific interest in intergenerational relationships between adults has increased in recent years. However, there is a lack of theoretical work that allows for the integration...
Intergenerational Financial Support among Whites, African Americans and Latinos
Recent empirical research has found that interhousehold exchanges of goods and services are more frequent among Whites than among African Americans or Latinos. This study explores racial and ethnic differences in kin support and focuses on financial...
Japanese Childrearing: Two Generations of Scholarship
Japanese Childrearing: Two Generations of Scholarship. David W. Shwalb & Barbara J. Shwalb (Eds.). New York: The Guilford Press. 1996. 323 pp. ISBN 1-57230-081-7. $45.00 cloth. The title, Japanese Childrearing, drew me in. Here at last, I thought,...
Marital Status and Happiness: A 17-Nation Study
The literature on marital status and happiness has neglected comparative analysis, cohabitation, and gender-specific analysis. It is not clear if the married-happiness relationship is consistent across nations, if it is stronger than a cohabitation-happiness...
Modeling Acts of Aggression and Dominance as Wife Abuse and Exploring Their Adverse Health Effects
This study, based on data from the Canadian Violence Against Women Survey, determined the effectiveness of modeling acts of aggression and dominance as causal indicators of forms of wife abuse and their effects on women's health, including physical injuries,...
"Other Teens Drink, but Not My Kid": Does Parental Awareness of Adolescent Alcohol Use Protect Adolescents from Risky Consequences?
This study included 199 White mother-adolescent dyads and 144 White father-adolescent dyads. All adolescents reported regular alcohol use, yet less than one third of parents were aware of their adole.scents' drinking. Parental awareness of adolescent...
Parents' Risk and Protective Factors as Predictors of Parental Well-Being and Behavior
This article examines a model in which protective factors are expected to reduce the impact of economic, family, and community risk factors on parental well-being. Parental well-being, marital happiness, and parents' community resources are expected...
Partners Becoming Parents: Talks from the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute
Partners Becoming Parents: Talks from the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute. Christopher Clulow (Ed.). London: Sheldon Press. 1996. 209 pp. ISBN 0-85969-739-9. $24.95 paper. The transition to parenthood is regarded as one of the most significant changes...
Patterns of Child Support Compliance in Wisconsin
This article examines 5-year compliance patterns among Wisconsin child support cases that came to court in 1986-1988. We find only limited support for the common assumption that compliance with child support orders declines over time. The average percentage...
Perceived Paternal Acceptance, Paternal Involvement, and Youths' Psychological Adjustment in a Rural, Biracial Southern Community
This study explores whether fathers' involvement by itself is associated with youths' psychological adjustment or whether the relationship between fathers' involvement and youths' psychological adjustment is mediated by children's perceptions of fathers'...
Punishment Enhances Reasoning's Effectiveness as a Disciplinary Response to Toddlers
ROBERT E. Boys Town PAUL R. SATHER Biola University* WILLIAM N. SCHNEIDER St. Mary's Hospital** DAVID B. LARSON Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences*** PATRICIA L. PIKE Biola University* Three different kinds of analyses investigated...
Race Differences in Filial Responsibility Expectations among Older Parents
Gary R. Lee Bowling Green State University Chuck W. Peek University of Florida* Raymond T. Coward University of New Hampshire** This study examines race differences in the extent to which older parents believe that parents are entitled to support from...
Responsible Fathering: An Overview and Conceptual Framework
This article defines responsible fathering, summarizes the relevant research, and presents a systemic, ecological framework to organize research and programmatic work in this area. A principal finding is that fathering is influenced, even more than mothering,...
Satisfaction with Parenting: The Role of Marital Happiness, Family Structure, and Parents' Gender
Using data from a nationally representative panel of parents interviewed in 1988 and 1992, we report a model of parenting satisfaction, with particular attention to marital happiness, family structure, and parents' gender. Cross-sectional analyses show...
Socialization in the Family of Origin and Male Dating Violence: A Prospective Study
The most popular explanations for dating violence posit that it is learned in the family of origin. We specify several theoretical perspectives regarding the manner in which parental behavior might increase the probability that an adolescent will engage...
The Changing Impact of Religion on the Sexual and Contraceptive Behavior of Adolescent Women in the United States
This study addresses the impact of religious affiliation on intercourse risk and contraceptive use among adolescent women during the 1980s when churchbased groups were increasingly involved in debates over reproductive and family issues. However, adolescent...
The Relationship of Cohabitation and Mental Health: A Study of a Young Adult Cohort
Despite the growing importance of and interest in cohabitation as a living arrangement, little is known about the relationship between cohabitation and mental health. This research tests how the mental health of cohabitors compares with that of unmarried...
The Social Networks of Older People: A Cross-National Analysis
The Social Networks of Older People: A CrossNational Analysis. Howard Litwin (Ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger. 1996. 257 pp. ISBN 0275-95327-0. $59.95 cloth. Gaining an understanding about other countries can often help to broaden one's own understanding,...
Violence between Intimate Partners: Patterns, Causes, and Effects
Violence Between Intimate Partners: Patterns, Causes, and Effects. Albert P. Cardarelli (Ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 1997. 230 pp. ISBN 0-02-319213-5. $41.75 cloth. This edited volume of readings on violence between intimate partners sets a new standard...

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