Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 3, August

A National Portrait of Family Structure and Adolescent Drug Use
Using 3 years of data from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, we examine the distribution of drug use among adolescents aged 12-17 years by family structure. In addition, we investigate the plausibility of two hypotheses that purport to explain...
An Ecological, Risk-Factor Examination of Adolescents' Sexual Activity in Three Ethnic Groups
DANIEL F. PERKINS University of Florida This study examines the extent to which the ecological, risk-factor approach for studying sexual activity in samples of mostly European Americans is useful for explaining adolescent sexual activity in three ethnic...
Attitudes regarding Obligations to Assist an Older Parent or Stepparent Following Later-Life Remarriage
This study examines attitudes about obligations to assist an older parent or stepparent following later-life remarriage. The sample consisted of 189 men and 320 women who responded to vignettes portraying a later-life remarriage in which a family member...
Attunement between Parents and Professional Caregivers: A Comparison of Childrearing Attitudes in Different Child-Care Settings
In a survey of a national sample (n = 568 children) of parents and nonparental caregivers from four types of child care-day care, after-school care, family day care, and babysitter care-we studied the attunement of childrearing attitudes between parents...
"Because They're My Parents": An Intergenerational Study of Felt Obligation and Parental Caregiving
Using an intergenerational sample of 460 young adults and their middle-aged parents, the study examined adults' views of parental obligation and caregiving. Both generations of women generally reported higher levels of felt obligation to their parents...
Family Experiences and the Erosion of Support for Intergenerational Coresidence
FRANCES K. GOLDSCHEIDER Brown University LEORA LAWTON TechSociety Research* We test the affluence interpretation of the decline in intergenerational coresidence, which implicitly affirms that close kin would still offer housing to those in need, by examining...
Family Index, Volume 1: 1995 / Volume 2: 1996
Family Index, Volume 1: 1995, and Volume 2: 1996. John Touliatos (Ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Human Sciences Publications. 1996 and 1997. 460 pp., 952 pp. ISBN 1-888733-01-2 and ISSN 1089-6147. $149. 95 and $159.95 cloth. Family scholars and students have...
Family Structure, Schoolmates, and Racial Inequalities in School Achievement
This study examines the influence of schoolmate family structure, racial concentration, and socioeconomic status on the academic achievement of individual African American and White students. The data are drawn from the 1990 test results of 18,000 10th...
Family Type and Depression in Pregnancy: Factors Mediating Risk in a Community Sample
The rate of severe depression among women in single-parent and biological families and in a variety of stepfamilies was examined in a large community sample of 13,088 pregnant women in the United Kingdom. Compared with women in biological families and...
Fathers and Adolescents: Developmental and Clinical Perspectives
Fathers and Adolescents: Developmental and Clinical Perspectives. Shmuel Shulman & Inge Sieffge-Crank. New York: Routledge. 1997. 249 pp. ISBN 0-415-11791-7. $59.95 cloth, $18.95 paper. In their book, Fathers and Adolescents, Shmuel Shulman and Inge...
Gender and Fairness: Marital Satisfaction in Two-Earner Couples
We investigate the relationship between marital satisfaction and the family division of both paid and domestic work, and we assess whether value preferences for the gender division, the balance of power, and perceptions of equity and empathy mediate...
Husbands' and Wives' Resources and Marital Dissolution
Prominent theories converge in suggesting that a wife's resources are positively related to marital dissolution (i.e., the wife's independence hypothesis), whereas a husband's resources are inversely related to dissolution (i.e., the husband's income...
Immigration and the Family: Research and Policy on U.S. Immigrants
Immigration and the Family: Research and Policy on U.S. Immigrants. Alan Booth, Ann C. Crouter, & Nancy Landale (Eds.). 1997. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. 307 pp. ISBN 0-8058-21538. $59.95 cloth. This edited book, based on presentations from a 1995 national...
In Defense of Parental Investment
In commenting on "Parents' Socioemotional Investment in Children" by Bradley, WhitesideMansell, Brisby, and Caldwell (1997), Sharon Hays (1998) argues that the measure, Parental Investment in the Child Questionnaire (PIC), is based on untenable assumptions...
Integrating Work and Family: Challenges and Choices for a Changing World
Integrating Work and Family: Challenges and Choices for a Changing World. Saroj Parasuraman & Jeffrey H. Greenhaus (Eds.). Westport, CT: Quorum Books. 1997. 280 pp. ISBN 156720-038-9. $59.95 cloth. Based on a 1994 conference on "Work, Family, and...
Marital Equality: Its Relationship to the Well-Being of Husbands and Wives
Marital Equality: Its Relationship to the WellBeing of Husbands and Wives. Janice M. Steil. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1997. 145 pp. ISBN 0-8039-5250-3. $42.00 cloth, $17.95 paper. The topic of equality in marriages has been prevalent for more than 25...
No More Kin: Exploring Race, Class, and Gender in Family Networks
No More Kin: Exploring Race, Class, and Gender in Family Networks. Anne R. Roschelle. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1997. 235 pp. ISBN 07619-0159-0. $21.95 cloth. Studies of minority families conducted in the 1960s and 1970s, mostly in the ethnographic tradition,...
Out of the Darkness: Contemporary Perspectives on Family Violence
Out of the Darkness: Contemporary Perspectives on Family Violence. Glenda Kaufman Kantor & Jana L. Jasinski (Eds.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 332 pp. ISBN 0-7619-0775-0. $58.00 cloth, $27.50 paper. Most of the articles in this 23-chapter edited volume...
Perceptions of Parents: A Measure of Adolescents' Feelings about Their Parents
The majority of measures that assess the parentchild relationship are based on overt parental behavior. Given that a substantial percentage of youth do not have contact with their father, these measures often lead to missing data due to paternal absence....
Relationship Outcomes and Their Predictors: Longitudinal Evidence from Heterosexual Married, Gay Cohabiting, and Lesbian Cohabiting Couples
Data from partners of 236 married, 66 gay cohabiting, and 51 lesbian cohabiting couples were used to assess if members of married couples differed from those of either gay couples or lesbian couples on five dimensions of relationship quality (intimacy,...
Sexuality and the Social Sciences-A French Survey on Sexual Behaviour
Sexuality and the Social Sciences-A French Survey on Sexual Behaviour. Michel Bozon & Henri Leridon (Eds.). Brookfield, VT: Ashgate Publishing. 1996. 357 pp. ISBN 1-85521-820-8. $67.95 cloth. This volume was first published in 1993 by the Institut...
Spousal Influence on Retirement: His, Her, and Their Perceptions
Drawing on a life course perspective, we examine husbands' and wives' perceptions of spousal influence on the decision to retire. Data from 228 couples in the Cornell Retirement and Well-Being Study reveal that retirees and their spouses agree that spouses...
The Course of Marital Success and Failure in Five American 10-Year Marriage Cohorts
Using a repeated cross-sectional design to trace marital success and failure in five American 10year marriage cohorts from 1973 to 1994 reveals no convincing evidence of an increase in aggregate-level marital success at any duration in the first five...
The Effects of Childhood Family Structure on Leaving and Returning Home
We examine the effects of childhood family structure on leaving and returning home. Using retrospective data from the National Survey of Families and Households, we develop a competing risks, proportional hazards model of linkages among family experiences...
The Fallacious Assumptions and Unrealistic Prescriptions of Attachment Theory: A Comment on "Parents' Socioemotional Investment in Children"
Dramatic changes in family life in the latter half of this century have meant that seven in 10 mothers now work in the paid labor force, the majority of two-parent families are now dual-earner families, and three in 10 households are now single-parent...
The Family and Educational Aspirations
The question we address is the extent to which variation in the educational aspirations of children resides in the family. We identify the importance of the family for educational aspirations by using data on sets of siblings to model the degree of sibling...
The Impact of Husbands' and Wives' Relative Earnings on Marital Dissolution
In the last several decades, a shift has occurred in the relative contributions of married women to household earnings. Yet we know little about the impact of relative earnings of husbands and wives on the likelihood of marital disruption. This study...
The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality, Volumes 1-3
The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality, Volumes 1-3. Robert T. Francoeur (Ed.). New York: Continuum. 1997. 1,737 pp. ISBN 0-82640838-9, 0-8264-0839-7, 0-8264-0840-0. $255.00 cloth. Truly important books in human sexuality can be counted on, perhaps,...
The Male Heterosexual
The Male Heterosexual. Larry A. Morris. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1997. 273 pp. ISBN 08039-5639-8. $45.00 cloth, $19.95 paper. Ideas about gender have been slowly changing over the last half century. This is particularly true of the notions of what it...
Urban Girls: Resisting Stereotypes, Creating Identities
Urban Girls: Resisting Stereotypes, Creating Identities. Bonnie J. Ross Leadbeater & Niobe Way (Eds.). New York: New York University Press. 1996. 408 pp. ISBN 0-8147-5108-3. $24.95 paper. The stereotype of urban adolescent girls, particularly low-income...
Who's Counting? Quasi-Facts and Stepfamilies in Reports of Number of Siblings
Using panel data on approximately 9,400 individuals aged 19-95 interviewed in the 1987-1988 and 1992-1994 waves of the National Survey of Families and Households, I examine discrepancies in reported sibling number. Fifteen percent of the sample reported...
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