Journal of Marriage and Family

The Journal of Marriage and Family is a quarterly journal published by the National Council on Family Relations in Minneapolis, Minn. Its subjects are marriage and family and its audience is comprised of researchers, scholars, academics, practitioners of psychology and other professionals working in this field.

Articles from Vol. 63, No. 2, May

Academic and Behavioral Outcomes among the Children of Young Mothers
In this article, we use newly available data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to investigate the effects of early motherhood on academic and behavioral outcomes for children born to early child bearers. We find that early motherhood's strong...
Aging and Male Sexuality
Aging and Male Sexuality. Raul C. Schiavi. New York: Cambridge. 1999. 253 pp. ISBN 0-521-- 65391-6. $44.95 paper. In Aging and Male Sexuality, Raul Schiavi provides a patient-centered review of the sensitive and controversial topics surrounding men,...
A Half Century of Mate Preferences: The Cultural Evoltion of Values
The qualities people believe are important in selecting a marriage partner afford one domain for assessing human values. We examined the cultural evolution of these values over more than half a century. Building on existing data on mate preferences collected...
Ambiguous Loss: Learning to Live with Unresolved Grief
Ambiguous Loss: Learning to Live with Unresolved Grief. Pauline Boss. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1999. 140 pp. ISBN 0-674-01738-2. $22.00 cloth. Ambiguous Loss by Pauline Boss is an easyto-read book addressing the difficulty people and...
Are Baby Boomers Richer Than Their Parents? Intergenerational Patterns of Wealth Ownership in the United States
This study compares wealth ownership and mobility patterns among baby boomers and their parents to explore whether the baby boomers have fared as well during their working years and whether they will be as secure in retirement as their parents. Cohort...
Changes in Wives' Income: Effects on Marital Happiness, Psychological Well-Being, and the Risk of Divorce
We investigate the effects of increases in married women's actual income and in their proportion of total family income on marital happiness, psychological well-being, and the likelihood of divorce. We use data from a sample of 1,047 married individuals...
Community Effects on Youth Sexual Activity
Using longitudinal data from the National Survey of Children, we examined the impact of community socioeconomic status on four dimensions of adolescent and young adult premarital sexual activity-the timing of first intercourse, the frequency of intercourse,...
Conditional Fatherhood: Identity Theory and Parental Investment Theory as Alternative Sources of Explanation of Fathering
Two alternative theoretical models of parenting, identity theory and parental investment theory, are investigated as sources of explanation of men's fathering attitudes and behaviors. Four dimensions of fathering are explored: responsivity, harshness,...
Conflict and Cohesion in Families: Causes and Consequences
Conflict and Cohesion in Families: Causes and Consequences. Martha J. Cox & Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (Eds.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1999. 362 pp. ISBN 0-8058-2410-3. $79.95 cloth. This volume summarizes the first of five summer institutes of the...
Daily Variation in Paternal Engagement and Negative Mood: Implications for Emotionally Supportive and Conflictual Interactions
This study used an ecological perspective to examine how daily variation in the time fathers spend in child-care activities was related to emotionally supportive or conflictual father-child interactions and whether fathers' negative mood moderated these...
Deconstructing Family Time: From Ideology to Lived Experience
"Family time" is often uncritically accepted as a uniform, coherent concept and a universally desirable goal. In order to fully understand the meaning of family time in experience, interviews were conducted with parents in 17 dual-earner and 11 single-parent...
Delayed Parental Divorce: How Much Do Children Benefit?
This study compares children who experienced divorce in childhood with those who were young adults when their parents divorced to differentiate between long-term effects of divorce resulting from preexisting factors, including the child's behavioral...
Does Fatherhood Matter for Men?
Ignored in the flurry of new research on fathers is that fatherhood may have consequences for men. This article explores possible effects on the lives and well-being of men for a range of fatherhood experiences. Data are drawn from the National Survey...
Ethics in American Adoption
Ethics in American Adoption. L. Anne Babb. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey. 1999. 235 pp. ISBN 0-89789-538-X. $35.00 paper. In Ethics in American Adoption, L. Anne Babb provides a historical and philosophical analysis of adoption policy and practice,...
Family Influence on Physical Health during the Middle Years: The Case of Onset of Hypertension
Using survival analysis for 367 married women and 340 married men, this article investigates (a) change in hazard rates and survival probabilities with age for the onset of hypertension and (b) the influences of stressful marital and parental relationships...
Gender, Emotion, and the Family
Gender, Emotion, and the Family. Leslie Brody. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1999. 359 pp. ISBN 0-6743-4186-4. $19.95 paper. According to recent pronouncements from the popular psychology literature, men and women originate from different...
Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications
Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications. Jude Cassidy & Phillip R. Shaver (Eds.). New York: Guilford. 1999. 925 pp. ISBN 1-57230-087-6. $85.00 cloth. The Handbook of Attachment is exactly what its title implies, a guide...
Handbook of the Sociology of Gender
Handbook of the Sociology of Gender. Janet Saltzman Chafetz (Ed.). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. 1999. 630 pp. ISBN 0-30645978-7. $130.00 cloth. This edited volume of readings covers a wide range of areas in the sociology of gender. The book consists...
How American Children Spend Their Time
The purpose of this article is to examine how American children under age 13 spend their time, sources of variation in time use, and associations with achievement and behavior. Data come from the 1997 Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of...
Implications of Overwork and Overload for the Quality of Men's Family Relationships
This study examined the implications of men's long work hours and role overload for the quality of their relationships with their wives and their firstborn (M = 15 years) and secondborn adolescent offspring (M = 12.5 years) in a sample of 190 dual-earner...
Marriage in a Culture of Divorce
Marriage in a Culture of Divorce. Karla B. Hackstaff. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 1999. 278 pp. ISBN 1-56639-724-3. $59.50 cloth, $22.95 paper. Change in American marriage over the past 50 years is taken for granted by family scholars and...
Mothers at Work: Effects on Children's Well-Being
Mothers at Work: Effects on Children's Well-Being. Lois W. Hoffman & Lisa M. Youngblad. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 1999. 338 pp. ISBN 0-5215-7289-4, cloth; ISBN 0-5216-6896-4, paper. $54.95 cloth, $19.95 paper. This book reports...
Nowhere to Grow: Homeless and Runaway Adolescents and Their Families
Nowhere to Grow: Homeless and Runaway Adolescents and Their Families. Les B. Whitbeck & Dan R. Hoyt. New York: Aldine De Gruyter. 1999. 216 pp. ISBN 0-202-30584-8. $41.95 cloth, $23.95 paper. In their book, Nowhere to Grow: Homeless and Runaway Adolescents...
Parental Identity and Reflected-Appraisals: Measurement and Gender Dynamics
A new theoretical model for parental identity, reflected-appraisals, and behavior was proposed. Parental identity and behavior in married parents were then investigated as a function of partner's and perceived reflected-appraisals, taking into account...
Partner Appraisal and Marital Satisfaction: The Role of Self-Esteem and Depression
This study examined whether people are more maritally satisfied when the valence of their partner's view of them is congruent with the valence of their self-view. In doing so, competing hypotheses derived from self-verification theory and selfesteem...
Preadolescent Parenting Strategies and Teens' Dating and Sexual Initiation: A Longitudinal Analysis
In this article we examine the effects of preadolescent parenting strategies on timing of adolescents' dating and sexual initiation. Using data from the 2 waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (1987-1988 and 19921994) involving interviews...
Queer Family Values: Debunking the Myth of the Nuclear Family
Queer Family Values: Debunking the Myth of the Nuclear Family. Valerie Lehr. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 1999. 212 pp. ISBN 1-56639-684-0. $59.50 cloth, $19.95 paper. Precisely when some states (e.g., Vermont) are considering the extension...
Remarriage, Cohabitation, and Changes in Mothering Behavior
We used data from two waves of the National Survey of Families and Household to investigate changes in mothering behavior associated with remarriage or cohabitation by single mothers. We considered three dimensions of mothering: (a) time and supervision,...
Revolutions of the Heart: Gender, Power and the Delusions of Love
Revolutions of the Heart: Gender, Power and the Delusions of Love. Wendy Langford. New York: Routledge. 1999. 168 pp. ISBN 0-415-- 16298-X. $22.99 paper. Revolutions of the Heart is a thundering theoretical account of the romantic relationship, from...
Sibling Relationships over the Life Course: A Panel Analysis
Using pooled time series analysis on approximately 9,000 individuals ages 16-85 interviewed in the 1987-1988 and 1992-1994 waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), this research examines change in 4 behavioral measures of sibling...
The Changing Transition to Adulthood: Leaving and Returning Home
The Changing Transition to Adulthood: Leaving and Returning Home. Francis Goldscheider & Calvin Goldscheider. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1999. 257 pp. ISBN 0-7619-0992-3. $64.95 cloth, $27.95 paper. As the unquestionable experts on adult children's...
The Effects of Early Maternal Employment on Later Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes
This article investigates the long-term impact of early maternal employment on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Non-Hispanic White and African American children aged 3 to 4 in the 1986 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were followed...
The Hazards of Predicting Divorce without Crossvalidation
Divorce prediction studies (e.g., Gottman, Coan, Carrere, & Swanson, 1998) suggest that couples' eventual divorce can be very accurately predicted from a number of different variables. Recent attention to these studies has failed to consider the...
The Symbolic Origins of Conflict in Divorce
Divorce often constitutes a dramatic transformation of a close, personal, and usually harmonious relationship into one that is deeply antagonistic and bitter. Explanations among family researchers typically focus on opposing material interests, the adversarial...
Understanding Elder Abuse in Minority Populations
Understanding Elder Abuse in Minority Populations. Toshio Tatara (Ed.). Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel. 1998. 220 pp. ISBN 0-87630-919-- 8. $64.95 cloth, $29.95 paper. For many years, the victims of elder abuse remained hidden from view as studies of spouse...
Violence in Intimate Relationships
Violence in Intimate Relationships. Ximena B. Arriaga & Stuart Oskamp (Eds.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1999. 216 pp. ISBN 0-7619-16431. $66.00 cloth, $29.95 paper. Violence in Intimate Relationships is based on recent contributions made as part of...
Weaving Work and Motherhood
Weaving Work and Motherhood. Anita Ilta Garey. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 1999. 239 pp. ISBN 1-56639-700-6. $59.50 cloth, $19.95 paper. Weaving Work & Motherhood is an engaging challenge to conventional "orientation" approaches to work...
West Meets East: Americans Adopt Chinese Children
West Meets East: Americans Adopt Chinese Children. Richard Tessler, Gail Gamache, & Liming Liu. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey. 1999. 189 pp. ISBN 0-8978-9658-0. $55.00 cloth, $18.95 paper. Americans adopting children internationally is not a...
Why Is the Divorce Rate Declining in Indonesia?
This article examines trends in marital dissolution in Indonesia. Analysis considers the impact of educational expansion, delayed marriage, urbanization, increasing employment before marriage, legislative change, and increased free choice in marriage...
Women, Work and Care of the Elderly
Women, Work and Care of the Elderly. Elizabeth A. Watson & Jane Mears. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate. 1999. 204 pp. ISBN 1-84014-359-9. $64.95 cloth. The title of this book suggests some of the intriguing questions that have been raised in the caregiving...
Work and Family: Research Informing Policy
Work and Family: Research Informing Policy. Toby L. Parcel & Daniel B. Cornfield (Eds.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 2000. 288 pp. ISBN 0-7619-1307-6. $72.95 cloth, $32.95 paper. Toby Parcel and Daniel Cornfield state that it is possible for theoretically...
Working Hard and Hardly Working: Domestic Labor and Marital Satisfaction among Dual-Earner Couples
This article examines the effect of domestic labor, gender ideology, work status, and economic dependency on marital satisfaction using data obtained from self-administered questionnaires for 156 dual-earner couples. Analytic distinctions were drawn...
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