Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 4, December

Acceptability and Use of Clean Home Delivery Kits in Nepal: A Qualitative Study
INTRODUCTION Tetanus and sepsis, which result primarily from unhygienic deliveries and lack of clean birth implements, are two of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal deaths and illness in Nepal (1). In Nepal, an estimated 90% of births occur...
Association of Vitamin A and Zinc Status with Altered Intestinal Permeability: Analyses of Cohort Data from Northeastern Brazil
INTRODUCTION Diarrhoea and malnutrition are major public-health problems in developing countries; the interactions between them are synergistic, bi-directional, and complex (1-5), compounding a 'vicious cycle' (6). In this vicious cycle, small intestinal...
Association of Vitamin A and Zinc Status with Altered Intestinal Permeability: Analyses of Cohort Data from Northeastern Brazil
INTRODUCTIONDiarrhoea and malnutrition are major public-health problems in developing countries; the interactions between them are synergistic, bi-directional, and complex (1-5), compounding a 'vicious cycle' (6). In this vicious cycle, small intestinal...
Coverage and Costs of Mass Immunization of an Oral Cholera Vaccine in Vietnam
INTRODUCTION Worldwide, an estimated 5-7 million cases of cholera with over 100,000 deaths occur annually. Provision of safe water and food, establishment of adequate sanitation, and implementation of personal and community hygiene constitute the...
Determinants of Condom Use among Monogamous Men in Ondo State, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Strategies to stem the rate of HIV/AIDS infection will for a long time remain a major focus of discourse, especially in population-related and health conferences. This is true particularly for sub-Saharan African countries ravaged by...
Enhanced Isolation of Shigella Species by Extended Incubation of Primary Isolation Plates
Sir, Shigellosis, a disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality among pre-school children (1), is caused by any one of the four species of Shigella, namely Shigella dysenteriae, S. flexneri, S. boydii, and S. sonnei. Specific diagnosis...
Factors Associated with Carriage of Penicillin-Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae among Vietnamese Children: A Rural Urban Divide
INTRODUCTION Streptococcus pneumoniae is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries, resulting in an estimated 3-5 million deaths per year principally in infants and children (1). Although empirical...
Factors Associated with Carriage of Penicillin-Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae among Vietnamese Children: A Rural-Urban Divide
INTRODUCTIONStreptococcus pneumoniae is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries, resulting in an estimated 3-5 million deaths per year principally in infants and children (1). Although empirical therapy...
Factors Influencing the Use of Maternal Healthcare Services in Ethiopia
INTRODUCTION The World Health Organization estimates that about 580,000 women of reproductive age die each year from pregnancy-related complications, and a high proportion of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa (1). The ratio of maternal mortality...
Growth Charts of Heights and Weights of Male Children and Adolescents of Isfahan, Iran
INTRODUCTION Height and weight are important indicators of the health and nutritional status of children and adolescents. Also in adolescents, genetic, systemic, endocrine and external (socioeconomic, geographical) factors may affect growth (1)....
Impact of a Community-Based Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Programme on Infant and Child Mortality in Bolivia
INTRODUCTION Approximately, 10.5 million children aged less than five years die each year in less-developed countries, mostly from readily-preventable or treatable conditions (1). Child-survival programmes that emphasize immunizations, prevention...
Impact of Coffee and Other Selected Factors on General Mortality and Mortality Due to Cardiovascular Disease in Croatia
INTRODUCTION Croatia is situated in both eastern Adriatic and central Europe (Fig.). Coffee is a popular drink and is conventionally served at social events in Croatia. Various blends of coffee, containing several types of different origins, are...
Meetings and Conferences
3-5 June 2004. 13th International Symposium on HIV and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Toulon, France. Contact address: Dr. Alain Lafeuillade, Infectiology Unit, Hopital Chalucer-83056 Toulon, France. Fax: +33(0)4 94 92 67 47; Email: toulon2004@club-internet.fr;...
Prevalence of, and Factors Associated with, HIV/aids-Related Stigma and Discriminatory Attitudes in Botswana
INTRODUCTION Botswana has the highest prevalence of HIV in the world. About 36.2% of pregnant women were HIV-positive in 2001, though this figure declined to 35.4% in 2002 (1). The impact of HIV/AIDS is substantial and has resulted in a tremendous...
Rice-ORS versus Glucose-ORS in Management of Severe Cholera Due to Vibrio Cholerae O139 Bengal: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial
INTRODUCTION During 1992-1993, outbreaks of cholera-like diarrhoea were reported from southern India and Bangladesh (14). The illness was not caused by the most common Vibrio cholerae O1 but by another strain of V. cholerae (5-6). The pathogen was...
When Should Cholera Vaccine Be Used in Cholera-Endemic Areas?
The paper by Vu Dinh Thiem et al. in this issue of the Journal provides valuable documentation of the costs for providing killed oral cholera vaccine during a mass-vaccination programme in Vietnam (1). Vietnam is the only country where cholera vaccine...
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