Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 1, March

Books Published
Achieving Millennium Development Goal on maternal mortality: Gonoshasthaya Kendra's experience in rural Bangladesh / by Rafiqul Huda Chaudhury and Zafrullah Chowdhury. Dhaka: Gonomudran Limited, 2007. Price: Hard cover: Taka 400.00, US$ 15.00; Paperback:...
Child Mortality Inequalities and Linkage with Sanitation Facilities in Bangladesh
ABSTRACT Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to assets and other household data, collected as part of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) in 2004, to rank individuals according to a household socioeconomic index and to...
Does Age Affect the Response to Zinc Therapy for Diarrhoea in Bangladeshi Infants?
INTRODUCTIONZinc is an essential micronutrient for human growth and immune function (1). When given as an adjunct therapy for the treatment of diarrhoea, zinc decreases the duration and severity of the episode (2,3). In addition, supplementation of zinc...
Early-Life Risk Factors for Adult Chronic Disease: Follow-Up of a Cohort Born during 1964-1978 in an Urban Slum of Lahore, Pakistan
ABSTRACT Evidence suggests that risk of chronic diseases may be programmed during the foetal and early life of the infant. With high rates of low birthweight coupled with a rapid nutritional transition, low-income countries are facing an epidemic...
Early-Life Risk Factors for Adult Chronic Disease: Follow-Up of a Cohort Born during 1964-1978 in an Urban Slum of Lahore, Pakistan
INTRODUCTIONThe effect that the early-life environment has on later health and survival is presently the subject of much scientific interest and debate, with rates of both pre- and postnatal growth linked to later risk of disease (1,2). A considerable...
Effectiveness of Weekly Supplementation of Iron to Control Anaemia among Adolescent Girls of Nashik, Maharashtra, India
ABSTRACT A national nutritional anaemia-control programme in India, focusing on supplementation of iron to pregnant women after the first trimester of pregnancy, failed to make an impact. It is prudent to recommend the correction of iron stores...
Effect of HIV/AIDS and Malaria on the Context for Introduction of Zinc Treatment and Low-Osmolarity ORS for Childhood Diarrhoea
ABSTRACT Diarrhoea was estimated to account for 18% of the estimated 10.6 million deaths of children aged less than five years annually in 2003. Two--Africa and South-East Asia--of the six regions of the World Health Organization accounted for approximately...
Effect of HIV/AIDS and Malaria on the Context for Introduction of Zinc Treatment and Low-Osmolarity ORS for Childhood Diarrhoea*
INTRODUCTIONOver a quarter-century has passed since the introduction of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) for diarrhoea in 1978 (1). ORT, including both prepackaged oral rehydration salts (ORS) and local recipes for home-fluids, remains the cornerstone...
Estimation of Individual Neonatal Survival Using Birthweight and Gestational Age: A Way to Improve Neonatal Care
INTRODUCTIONBirthweight and gestational age at delivery are major determinants of survival, morbidity, and nutritional status during the neonatal and postneonatal periods in both developed and developing countries (1-3). Over three decades ago, Lubchenko...
Evaluation of Immunization Knowledge, Practices, and Service-Delivery in the Private Sector in Cambodia
INTRODUCTIONIn 1993, Cambodia (population 14 million) emerged from a lengthy period of civil conflict that ended when United Nations-sponsored general elections were held. Since then, the country has entered an era of economic and social development....
Factors Relating to Acceptance of Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination by Nursing Students in a Tertiary Hospital, Pakistan
ABSTRACT This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the prevalence of, and factors relating to, the acceptance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination by nursing students in a tertiary hospital in Pakistan. In total, 210 nursing students of Year...
Meetings and Conferences
3-8 August 2008. XVII International AIDS Conference, Mexico City, Mexico. Contact: Information centre at info@aids2008.org; URL: http://www.aids2008.org24-30 August 2008. 30th General Conference-International Association for Research in Income and Wealth...
Molecular Typing of Vibrio Cholerae O1 Isolates from Thailand by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis
INTRODUCTIONMolecular techniques for genomic comparisons of closely-related bacterial species or strains of the same species are extremely valuable for molecular epidemiological surveillance of a particular infectious disease (1). Plasmid profile analysis...
Molecular Typing of Vibrio Cholerae OI Isolates from Thailand by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to genotypically characterize Vibrio cholerae strains isolated from cholera patients in various provinces of Thailand. Two hundred and forty V. cholerae O1 strains, isolated from patients with cholera during...
Postnatal Care of Newborns and Mothers in Developing Countries
Sir,I was glad to see the issue of the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, devoted to reproductive and newborn health. Programme research has shown that mothers can be influenced to seek care for themselves and their newborns by an integrated...
Practices of Rural Egyptian Birth Attendants during the Antenatal, Intrapartum and Early Neonatal Periods
ABSTRACT Neonatal deaths account for almost two-thirds of infant mortality worldwide; most deaths are preventable. Two-thirds of neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, usually at home. While previous Egyptian studies have identified...
Prevalence of Hypertension among High School Students in a Middle Anatolian Province of Turkey
ABSTRACT Hypertension may lead to irreversible damages in vital organs, such as heart, brain, and kidney, and may cause death in children if treatments are not given despite early diagnosis. This cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted...
Prevalence of Hypertension among High School Students in a Middle Anatolian Province of Turkey
INTRODUCTIONThe incidence of hypertension in childhood varies from 1% to 3% (1,2). Hypertension, a chronic disease, can lead to failure in vital organs, such as heart, brain, and kidney, and can cause death. Unlike adults, the incidence of essential...
Rickets: An Overview and Future Directions, with Special Reference to Bangladesh
A Summary of the Rickets Convergence Group Meeting, Dhaka, 26-27 January 2006INTRODUCTIONRickets is a condition associated with bone-deformity due to inadequate mineralization in growing bones (1,2). While some cases relate to hereditary syndromes, renal...
Sex and Socioeconomic Differentials in Child Health in Rural Bangladesh: Findings from a Baseline Survey for Evaluating Integrated Management of Childhood Illness
INTRODUCTIONBangladesh has witnessed remarkable declines in infant and child mortality in the last two decades. In the early 1980s, rates of mortality of children aged less than five years (under-five children) were as high as 200 per 1,000 livebirths....
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