Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 19, No. 1, March

Characteristics of Children Hospitalized with Severe Dehydration and Persistent Diarrhoea in Bangladesh
INTRODUCTION Persistent diarrhoea, defined as episodes of acute diarrhoea lasting for 14 days or more (1), accounts for only about 3-20% of all diarrhoeal episodes (2-4). Since its case-fatality rate is as high as 60% (5-8), the problem has drawn...
Clinical Characteristics of Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus among Southwestern American Indian Youths
INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is divided into insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Insulin-dependent mellitus is caused by autoimmune islet cell destruction and the resultant insulinopaenia...
Colonization of Vibrio Cholerae among Persons in Contact with Cholera Patients
Sir: Cholera is a major health problem in Myanmar. Until the 6th pandemic, cholera was caused by Vibrio cholerae O1 classical biotype (1). In 1961, the 7th pandemic of cholera began, and unlike the previous pandemics, this was caused by V. cholerae...
Developing Bioethics in Developing Countries
Bioethics, the investigation of ethical issues in medicine, biology, and health sciences, is in vogue in the developed world. Television news often shows feature stories on debates over the proper uses of such new developments as embryonic stem cells...
Health Ethics in Pakistan: A Literature Review of Its Present State
INTRODUCTION The ethos of a society is intricately linked with the character of its people, their values, and the role that tradition and religion play in their lives. Traditionally, the position of healthcare interactions and healthcare providers...
How Much Has ORT Reduced Child Mortality?
In 1979 oral rehydration therapy (ORT) using oral rehydration salts (ORS) solution became the cornerstone of the global effort, initiated by WHO, to reduce deaths of young children from diarrhoea, then estimated at 4.6 million annually (1). National...
Molecular Epidemiology of Escherichia Coli Isolated from Young South African Children with Diarrhoeal Diseases
INTRODUCTION Escherichia coil is a normal faecal flora of both humans and animals. However, some strains of E. coli can cause severe and life-threatening diarrhoea (1). The pathogenic strains are important causes of diarrhoeal disease in the world...
Prevalence of Viral, Bacterial and Parasitic Enteropathogens among Young Children with Acute Diarrhoea in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
INTRODUCTION Diarrhoeal diseases are the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Five hundred million cases of acute diarrhoea occur annually in children aged less than five years throughout the world (1,2). Although...
Prevalence of Viral, Bacterial and Parasitic Enteropathogens among Young Children with Acute Diarrhoea in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
ABSTRACTThe prevalence of viral, bacterial and parasitic pathogens among children of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was investigated. During December 1995-October 1996, 576 faecal samples were collected from children (0-5 year(s) old) suffering from acute diarrhoea...
Vibrio Cholerae Resistant to 2,4-Diamino-6, 7-Diisopropylpteridine (O/129) Isolated from Patients with Enteritis in Ceara, Brazil
INTRODUCTION The taxonomic importance of the vibriostatic agent O/129 lies in its ability to differentiate species of the genus Vibrio from other gram-negative oxidase-positive bacilli, Aeromonas, in particular. Most Vibrio species are usually sensitive...
Vibrio Cholerae Resistant to 2,4-Diamino-6, 7-Diisopropylpteridine (O/129) Isolated from Patients with Enteritis in Ceará, Brazil
ABSTRACTThis paper reports the characterization of clinical Vibrio cholerae resistant to vibriostatic agent O/129, using classical and plasmid analysis. In a study conducted during December 1991-September 1993, two of 7,058 V. cholerae strains, obtained...
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