Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 3, September

16S rRNA Gene-Targeted TTGE in Determining Diversity of Gut Microbiota during Acute Diarrhoea and Convalescence
INTRODUCTION The human gastrointestinal tract consists of an extremely complex ecosystem of a diverse microbiota, which is a positive health asset for humans and plays a vital role in the healthy functioning of their human hosts. The gut habitat...
Attitudes of Healthcare Providers towards Non-Initiation and Withdrawal of Neonatal Resuscitation for Preterm Infants in Mongolia
INTRODUCTION The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on the Fetus and Newborn has recommended that each institution caring for women at risk of delivering extremely preterm infants should provide comprehensive and consistent guidelines for...
Beliefs about Causes and Consequences of Obesity among Women in Two Mexican Cities
INTRODUCTION Mexico is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of childhood obesity. It has been reported that the possible risk of overweight and obesity among infants and toddlers reaches as far as 42% in some regions (1). Similar results...
Body Composition of Bangladeshi Children: Comparison and Development of Leg-to-Leg Bioelectrical Impedance Equation
INTRODUCTION Body composition measurement in children is important for assessing nutritional status for both health and disease (1). Determination of body fatness by measuring body composition in younger age-groups has been shown to be an important...
Changing Pattern of Dengue Virus Serotypes in Thailand between 2004 and 2010
INTRODUCTION Dengue virus (DENV) is the most important arbovirus requiring high treatment cost. The virus also contributes to high mortality rate, particularly in tropical and subtropical countries. It has been a public-health concern for several...
Decline in Child Marriage and Changes in Its Effect on Reproductive Outcomes in Bangladesh
INTRODUCTION Marriage marks the onset of a socially-acceptable institution in a society where offspring procreation occurs within marital union and illegitimate childbirths are rare. It is an important and memorable episode of life for men as well...
Diversity and Antibiograms of Bacterial Organisms Isolated from Samples of Household Drinking-Water Consumed by HIV-Positive Individuals in Rural Settings, South Africa
INTRODUCTION Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), first described in 1981, has become the most devastating global epidemic the world has ever faced. At the end of 2008, an estimated 60 million people, globally, were infected with HIV. More...
Food Insecurity, Health and Nutritional Status among Sample of Palm-Plantation Households in Malaysia
INTRODUCTION Food insecurity is a worldwide problem, and it is a common phenomenon among the poor households in many developed and developing countries and has been shown to contribute to poor health and nutritional outcomes. Food insecurity, as...
Geographic Differentials in Mortality of Children in Mozambique: Their Implications for Achievement of Millennium Development Goal 4
INTRODUCTION In September 2000, Mozambique joined other countries in signing the declaration which launched the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), with 1990 scenario as baseline. Of the eight MDGs, Goal 4 aims at reducing mortality...
Haemolytic-Uraemic Syndrome as a Sequela of Diarrhoeal Disease
INTRODUCTION Haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) is a disorder clinically associated with low platelet count, acute renal failure, and non-immune haemolytic anaemia (1,2). HUS is known to be sequelae of two gastrointestinal pathogens: Shiga toxin-producing...
Healthcare-Seeking Behaviour among the Tribal People of Bangladesh: Can the Current Health System Really Meet Their Needs?
INTRODUCTION Bangladesh, one of the most densely-populated areas in the world, has about 160 million people in a land area of 55,598 square miles (147,570 square km) (1). About 1% of the population consists of what are locally termed 'tribal groups'...
Quality of Life and Mental Health Status of Arsenic-Affected Patients in a Bangladeshi Population
INTRODUCTION Arsenic is a metalloid element widely distributed in water, air, and soil (1,2). It was found in groundwater in many countries and is highly toxic for humans (3). Results of epidemiological studies indicate that chronic exposure to...
Rates and Predictors of Consistent Condom-Use by People Living with HIV/aids on Antiretroviral Treatment in Uganda
INTRODUCTION HIV/AIDS continues to be a major global health problem. In 2009, 33.3 million people were living with HIV globally. There were 2.6 million new infections and 1.8 million deaths. Sub-Saharan Africa, with 22.5 million cases, including...
Relationship between Breastfeeding and Obesity in Childhood
INTRODUCTION The prevalence and intensity of childhood obesity have been increasing with an alarming rate globally, and it is now considered to be at epidemic level. This nutritional problem has become an issue of international concern, which is...
Use of Only Oral Rehydration Salt Solution for Successful Management of a Young Infant with Serum Sodium of 201 mmol/L in an Urban Diarrhoeal Diseases Hospital, Bangladesh
INTRODUCTION Hypernatraemia is a serious ramification of diarrhoea often associated with death (1). Death may occur either due to hypernatraemia itself or anytime during its correction. Hypernatraemia causes widespread cerebral haemorrhage, thromboses,...
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