Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

Provides a forum for rapid publication of new findings on issues pertinent to maternal, child and family health and related issues of population and nutrition. The articles in the Journal do not deal primarily with child-survival issues but encompass all age-groups and stages of life, with emphasis on family health and development.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, December

Access and Barriers to Immunization in West Bengal, India: Quality Matters
INTRODUCTION The single-most crucial indicator of the success of immunization programme in any economy is probably the overall coverage of all essential vaccines and/or individual vaccines separately among the general population. While many studies...
A Qualitative Exploration of Social Contact Patterns Relevant to Airborne Infectious Diseases in Northwest Bangladesh
INTRODUCTION The South Asian region has a high burden of infectious diseases. These diseases form a leading cause of morbidity and mortality and are responsible for 42% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in the region (1,2). Socioeconomic,...
Assessing the Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Dietary Fibre-Related Knowledge in a Turkish Student Population
INTRODUCTION Dietary fibre (DF) is deemed to be a key component in a healthful diet (1). DF consumption may be important in the prevention or control of cancer, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, and other health problems (2). There...
A Taxonomy and Results from a Comprehensive Review of 28 Maternal Health Voucher Programmes
INTRODUCTIONIt is increasingly clear that Millennium Develop- ment Goal 4 and 5 will not be achieved in many low-income countries (LMICs). According to a recent analysis, at the current rate of change in the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) and ma- ternal...
Breastfeeding Twins: A Qualitative Study
INTRODUCTION Multiple pregnancies are often associated with prematurity and low-birthweight infants. Premature infants are prone to developing postnatal complications, including recurrent episodes of sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy...
Burden and Impact of Acute Gastroenteritis and Foodborne Pathogens in Trinidad and Tobago
INTRODUCTIONThe World Health Organization (WHO) noted that all cases of gastroenteritis are not foodborne, and all foodborne diseases do not cause gastroenteritis. However, food does represent an important vehi- cle for pathogens of great public-health...
Comparison of Seafood Consumption in a Group of Italian Mother-Child Pairs
INTRODUCTION Seafood is an important component of healthful human diets since it is a good source of high-quality protein, low in saturated fats and rich in essential nutrients (1), such as iodine, iron, choline, and selenium (2,3). Moreover, seafood...
Determining the Community Prevalence of Acute Gastrointestinal Illness and Gaps in Surveillance of Acute Gastroenteritis and Foodborne Diseases in Guyana
INTRODUCTIONGuyana is an English-speaking country in South America and, culturally, it is part of the Caribbe- an. It is also one of the few Caribbean countries, which is not an island. The country has a total population of 751,225 and is divided into...
Dietary Pattern of Schoolgoing Adolescents in Urban Baroda, India
INTRODUCTION The word 'adolescence' is derived from the Latin verb 'adolescere', which means "grow to maturity." Adolescence is a grey area in the spectrum of life falling between childhood and adulthood. It is an age of transition when an individual...
Dietary Pattern of Schoolgoing Adolescents in Urban Baroda, India
INTRODUCTIONThe word 'adolescence' is derived from the Latin verb 'adolescere', which means "grow to maturity." Adoles- cence is a grey area in the spectrum of life falling be- tween childhood and adulthood. It is an age of tran- sition when an individual...
Distribution, Burden, and Impact of Acute Gastroenteritis in Dominica, 2009-2010
INTRODUCTIONThe Commonwealth of Dominica, situated be- tween the two French Islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe, has a land area of 298 square miles and a total population of 71,293 (1). It is divided into 10 parishes and 7 health districts, with the...
Effect of Health Insurance on the Use and Provision of Maternal Health Services and Maternal and Neonatal Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review
INTRODUCTIONEvery two minutes, a woman somewhere in the world dies of pregnancy-related complications; yet, most of the deaths could be prevented using proven interven- tions (1). Of the 7.7 million deaths in 2010 attributed to children aged below five...
Effects of User Fee Exemptions on the Provision and Use of Maternal Health Services: A Review of Literature
INTRODUCTIONAt the current average rate of change in maternal mortality ratios and neonatal mortality rates, only 31 developing countries will meet Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4)-reducing child deaths-and still fewer (19 countries) will achieve...
Estimating the Burden of Acute Gastrointestinal Illness: A Pilot Study of the Prevalence and Underreporting in Saint Lucia, Eastern Caribbean
INTRODUCTIONFoodborne diseases (FBDs) are an important cause of morbidity, mortality, and public-health concern worldwide (1,2). Acute gastroenteritis (AGE), the key syndrome relating to food- and waterborne ill- nesses, is increasing globally. Monthly...
Estimating the Burden of Acute Gastrointestinal Illness in Grenada
INTRODUCTIONGrenada is the main island of the Tri-island State comprising the mainland and two dependency islands Carriacou and Petite Martinique, with a total area of 133 square miles (344 sq. km) and a population of approximately 108,000. The main...
Estimation of Gestational Age, Using Neonatal Anthropometry: A Cross-Sectional Study in India
INTRODUCTION Neonatal survival has improved worldwide, albeit at a slow pace. This is especially true for developing countries which still account for almost all neonatal deaths (99%) in the world (1). Amongst the 193 member states of WHO, for whom...
Evidence Acquisition and Evaluation for Evidence Summit on Enhancing Provision and Use of Maternal Health Services through Financial Incentives
INTRODUCTIONOver their lifetime, women are about 100 times more likely to die as a result of pregnancy in sub- Saharan Africa than in developed regions of the world (1). These enormous discrepancies highlight vast inequity as well as the possibility...
Factors Associated with Food Insecurity in Households of Public School Students of Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil
INTRODUCTION In accordance with the law of Brazil (LOSAN-11.346/06), Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) is defined as the realization of the right to quality food in sufficient quantity without compromising access to other essential needs, such as...
Factors Associated with Food Insecurity in Households of Public School Students of Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil
INTRODUCTIONIn accordance with the law of Brazil (LOSAN- 11.346/06), Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) is de- fined as the realization of the right to quality food in sufficient quantity without compromising access to other essential needs, such as health-promoting...
Financial Incentives and Maternal Health: Where Do We Go from Here?
INTRODUCTIONAll over the world, prospects for women and their babies are improving. Between 1990 and 2010, maternal deaths declined by nearly 50% worldwide (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/ fs348/en/). The use of effective maternal health interventions,...
Foreword
Food safety is a global priority and an important public-health issue as foodborne diseases (FBDs), infections, and intoxications are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden world- wide. Recognizing the importance of food safety in...
Identifying Predictors of Childhood Anaemia in North-East India
INTRODUCTION Childhood anaemia is a major public-health concern, with an increasing risk of mortality. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, reports that it is one of the most common diseases due to nutritional deficiency in...
Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on Maternal and Newborn Health
INTRODUCTIONGiven the slow decline in maternal and newborn mortality since 1990, the achievement of Mil- lennium Development Goal 4 and 5-reducing infant mortality rate by two-thirds and maternal mortality rate by three-quarters from 1990 to 2015-is...
Influence of Protein Intake from Haem and Non-Haem Animals and Plant Origin on Inflammatory Biomarkers among Apparently-Healthy Adults in Greece
INTRODUCTION Protein intake contributes to 15-20% of the total daily energy consumption for adult people, although intake of the proportion of protein subtypes, i.e. haem and non-haem animals, and plants, varies among individuals. The effects of...
Investigating Financial Incentives for Maternal Health: An Introduction
INTRODUCTIONGlobally, the UN estimates show that maternal mortality has fallen 47% between 1990 and 2010 (1). Even so, many countries are still not on track to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goal 5 (MDG 5) of 75% reduction in maternal mortality...
Magnitude, Distribution, and Estimated Level of Underreporting of Acute Gastroenteritis in Jamaica
INTRODUCTIONJamaica is the third largest island in the Caribbean and is the largest of the English-speaking Common- wealth Caribbean Islands (1). The mid-year popula- tion in 2008 was estimated to be 2,687,241, with an average 1:1 gender distribution...
Milk and Protein Intake by Pregnant Women Affects Growth of Foetus
INTRODUCTION A developing foetus needs protein to build the cells of its body. The maternal diet supplies all the proteins that a baby needs; so, if the diet of a pregnant woman is deficient, her baby can suffer. The baby grows more rapidly during...
Nutritional Disparities among Women in Urban India
INTRODUCTION India is home to 1.21 billion people (1). Out of them, 377.1 million people (31.2%) live in urban areas (1). India is urbanizing rapidly. Its urban population has increased from 27.8% in 2001 to 31.2% in 2011 and is expected to increase...
Nutritional Outcomes Related to Household Food Insecurity among Mothers in Rural Malaysia
INTRODUCTION Food insecurity, as defined by the Life Sciences Research Office, exists "whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain"...
Performance-Based Incentives to Improve Health Status of Mothers and Newborns: What Does the Evidence Show?
INTRODUCTIONHealth financing strategies that incorporate per- formance-based incentives (PBIs) are being ap- plied in many developing countries, often with improvements in the health of mothers and new- borns as the central goal. Defined as "any program...
Population-Based Estimates of Acute Gastrointestinal and Foodborne Illness in Barbados: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
INTRODUCTIONAcute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a significant but pre- ventable cause of morbidity and mortality world- wide. In 2005, an estimated 1.5 million people died of diarrhoeal diseases worldwide (1). The World Health Organization (WHO) and a recent...
Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency in South Asia: Causes, Outcomes, and Possible Remedies
INTRODUCTION South Asia constitutes one-fifth of the world's population, and many of the nations have been severely affected by malnutrition. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) has been established as a major determinant to deleteriously impact the health...
Recurrent Sclerema in a Young Infant Presenting with Severe Sepsis and Severe Pneumonia: An Uncommon but Extremely Life-Threatening Condition
INTRODUCTION Sclerema is defined as diffuse hardening of subcutaneous tissue, which usually spreads very rapidly to underlying structures; the skin in the involved areas cannot be picked up, and the subcutaneous tissue seems bound down to subjacent...
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