Studies in African Linguistics

Articles

Vol. 49, No. 1, 2020

Online Multilingualism in African Written Conversations: Local, Global Identity and Alignment
1.IntroductionFootball has been played for centuries and now is the most international of sports, played in more than 140 countries, as Ferguson (1983) said in his seminal article about the language of sport. In the case of Cameroon, the importance of...
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The Tonal Residue of the Conjoint/Disjoint Alternation in Rukiga
1.Introduction: the conjoint/disjoint alternationSome southern and eastern Bantu languages display an alternation between two verb forms that express the same tense-aspect semantics, but differ in their relation with what follows the verb. When the relation...
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Clausal Complementation in Ruuli (Bantu, JE103)
1.IntroductionThis paper1 deals with clausal object complementation in the Great Lakes Bantu language Ruuli (also known as Ruruuli-Lunyala, ISO 639-3: ruc; JE103). We will analyze the features of the morphosyntactic and semantic characteristics of Ruuli...
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Nuer Tonal Inventory *
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.Nuer tonal systemThe primary objective of this article is to establish the tonal inventory of Nuer, a West Nilotic language indigenous to South Sudan and parts of Ethiopia, and to determine principal tonal processes...
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The Syntax and Semantics of Clause-Chaining in Toposa 1
1.IntroductionSome of the worlds languages occur with extensive use of clause-chaining. Clause-chaining is found widely in SOV languages in Papua New Guinea (Elson 1964), in Australian languages (Austin 1979), in North American Indian languages (Longacre...
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Roots of Ergativity in Africa (and Beyond)
1.IntroductionErgativity is not a common phenomenon across Africa. For example, Creissels and Good (2018: 709) remark in their recent typological survey that [t]he ergative type of core syntactic role coding is exceptional among African languages. The...
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Vol. 48, No. 2, 2019

"Issues and Maize Bread Taste Good When They're Cool": Temperature Terms and Their Metaphorical Extensions in Kambaata (Cushitic)
1.IntroductionAll languages can be assumed to have means of expressing the sensation of heat and cold, as exemplified in examples (1)-(2) from Kambaata,1 a Highland East Cushitic (HEC) language spoken by more than 600,000 speakers (Central Statistical...
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Lexical Proximity of a Xri Corpus to Khoekhoegowab
1. Introduction: Origin of the dataThe present paper examines a corpus of some 1 130 concepts for which the late Prof. Jan Winston Snyman1 had collected Xri equivalents. He made over this corpus to me, W. H., around 1990. This collection on index cards...
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Dominance-as-Markedness: Evidence from Bari
1.IntroductionThe correct descriptive and formal characterization of ATR dominance has been a longstanding unresolved question in African linguistics (and more generally). Casali 2016 proposes a treatment of dominance as markedness; doing so, he argues,...
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The Development of Subject Case Marking in Omotic-Mao
1.IntroductionThe four Mao languages (Mawes Aas'e [myf], Seezo [sze], Hoozo [hoz], and Ganza [gza]) comprise the Mao subgroup of Omotic. The genetic affiliation of the Mao group as well as the larger Omotic family within Afroasiatic is a matter of some...
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Using a Discourse Adverb to Correct Expectations: An Analysis of Mak in Iraqw
1.IntroductionThe Iraqw adverb mák is one of those enigmatic markers that can be easily left out from a sentence without changing its content or rendering it ungrammatical. Such markers are usually left with a basic analysis as they are primarily pragmatic...
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Encoding the Plural-Honorific Suffix -Ani and the Imperfective - Anga in Malawian Citonga (N.15)
1.IntroductionMalawian Tonga2 (henceforth CiTonga) is a Bantu language classified by Guthrie (1948) as belonging to Zone N (Group 10) together with the neighboring Chichewa (N.30) and CiTumbuka (N.20). It is the main language of the Tonga ethnic group...
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Vol. 48, No. 1, 2019

The Map of Ti in Kituba – Testing and Expanding the Typological Model of the Polysemy of Conjunctive Coordinators
1.Introduction1The present article analyzes the polysemy and polyfunctionality of the element tí (marked by a high tone) in Kituba2 (henceforth referred to as TI), which - among its various uses - is extensively employed as a conjunctive coordinator...
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A Typological Overview of Eegimaa (Jóola Banjal)
University of York, United Kingdom1.IntroductionGújjolaay Eegimaa (Eegimaa for short) is a member of the Jóola cluster of languages spoken in southern Senegal. I provide an overview of selected grammatical features of Eegimaa, with a focus on morphology....
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Nominal and Verbal Number in Bilugu Opo
1. IntroductionThis paper describes both nominal number and verbal number in Opo (a.k.a. Opuuo, T'apo, ISO 639-3 [lgn]), a Koman language of Ethiopia and South Sudan, with a particular focus on the Bilugu dialect of Ethiopia.1 Number in Opo is interesting...
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What Does That Lugwere Demonstrative Refer to? a Semantic Analysis of Proximity and Exteriority
1.IntroductionLugwere is a Bantu language classified as JE17 in Maho's (2009) updated version of Guthrie's classification. It is spoken in the Pallisa district of Uganda by around 621,000 people (2014 census, via Ethnologue, Simons & Fennig 2017)....
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Probing the Interaction of Language Contact and Internal Innovation: Four Case Studies of Morphosyntactic Change in Rangi
1.IntroductionWhile there is broad consensus that languages change over time, there is no consensus as to exactly what constraints - if any - are operative on this process of change, nor on the role of language contact in processes of change. Language...
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Vol. 47, No. 1/2, 2018

The Interaction of Number and Gender in Katcha
1.IntroductionKatcha is spoken in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan, an area of rich ethnic, cultural and linguistic diversity: in an area measuring just 325km by 275km, over 40 languages are spoken (Schadeberg & Blench 2013). These languages belong to...
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The Inclusion of Prefixal Material in Zulu Reduplication
1.IntroductionIn Zulu, reduplication consists of a disyllabic constituent prefixed to the verb stem. It is described in Doke (1927:1992) and Downing (2009), and the process in mutually intelligible Ndebele is discussed in Downing (2001a), Sibanda (2004)...
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Speaker Attitude and Demonstrative Choice in Ncane (Beboid)
1.IntroductionNcane is a Bantoid language spoken by approximately 13,200 speakers in the North West Region of Cameroon (Simons and Fennig 2017). Previous research includes a study of the noun class system (Hombert 1980), a phonology (Richards 1991) and...
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Separation Events in Tafi Language and Culture
0. IntroductionLanguages differ in the way the conceptual category of separation is coded. Previous studies have focused on two types of separation events involving a destruction in the material integrity of entities - 'cutting' and 'breaking' events....
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Quand le Dictionnaire Donne a Voir la Culture
1.IntroductionAfin de contribuer å une meilleure documentation de la langue ikwere,2 une langue å tradition orale, tres peu documentee et tres peu decrite, j'ai entrepris depuis quelques annees, l'elaboration d'un dictionnaire trilingue general,3 ikwere-anglais-franeais....
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Basic Motion Verbs in Nyakyusa: Lexical Semantics and Associated Motion
1.Introduction1.1 Translational motion in Bantu.1 The aim of this paper is to give a detailed description of the lexical semantics of seven basic verbs of translational motion in Nyakyusa M31,2 a Bantu language of Tanzania, together with a note on some...
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Vol. 46, No. 1/2, 2017

Conditional Constructions in Makary Kotoko
Makary Kotoko (mpada; mpi) is a Central Chadic B language spoken by approximately 16 000 people.1 The locus for the language area is the town of Makary, indigenously called mpado, situated in the Logone-et-Chari Division of the Far North Region of Cameroon....
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Conditionals in Tuwuli
Tuwuli2 is a Kwa language spoken by about 11,000 people in nine towns of the mountainous and linguistically diverse Volta Region of South-Eastern Ghana. Language use is reported to be vigorous, with the language being used by all generations in all domains...
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Conditional Constructions in Lopit, an Eastern Nilotic Language
1.IntroductionLopit [lpx] is an Eastern Nilotic language of South Sudan, spoken by around 50,000 people living in the Lopit Hills north-east of Torit in Eastern Equatoria province. It is part of the Lotuxo subgroup of the Lotuxo-Maa languages. Until...
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A Corpus Study of Swahili Conditionals
1.IntroductionA few studies have discussed Swahili conditionals from a descriptive perspective. In some of these studies (Ashton 1944; Saloné 1983; Contini-Morava 2011), Swahili conditional markers are categorized using a four-level possibility scale:...
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Conditional Constructions in African Languages
1.Why have a special issue devoted to conditional constructions in African languages?In contrast to the extensive literature on conditionals in English and other major European languages (see for example Lycan 2001 and von Fintel 2011 from a philosophical...
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Conditionals in Ndendeule
1.IntroductionNdendeule (iso code dne) is a Bantu language spoken in southern Tanzania by an estimated 135,753 people (Mradi wa Lugha za Tanzania, 2009). In Maho's (2003) revised referential classification of Bantu languages by Guthrie (1967-71), Ndendeule...
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Conditional Constructions in Buwal
0. IntroductionBuwal is a Central Chadic language spoken by approximately 10 000 people in and around the village of Gadala in the Far North Region of Cameroon, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision. Buwal's classification according to the Ethnologue...
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Form and Function of Conditional Constructions in the Gumuz Language of Metekel Zone
The breadth of the Gumuz territory in Western Ethiopia and the high cultural value of maintaining identity with one's father's clan, have had great impact on the Gumuz language resulting in the development of diverse yet thus far sustainable dialect...
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Le Conditionnel En Dzùùngoo De Samogohiri
Le dzuungoo (de code ISO 639-3, dnn) est une langue de la grande famille Niger-Congo, du groupe mandé, et plus particuliérement de la branche mandé-ouest, nord-ouest selon la classification la plus récente de Raimund Kastenholz (Kastenholz 2003). Comme...
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The Conditional Mood in Gh?málá’
0. IntroductionGhomálá' [bbj] is a Grassfields Bantu language spoken in the western region of Cameroon and made up of four groups of dialects (Lewis, Simons & Fennig 2016). Ghomálá' is an SVO language and nouns in this language are mainly monosyllabic...
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Conditional Constructions in Cuwabo
0. IntroductionIn this paper, I discuss conditional constructions in Cuwabo, a Bantu language of about 800,000 speakers (Instituto Nacional de Estatística, 2007) spoken in northern Mozambique around the city of Quelimane, and classified as P34 by Guthrie...
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Conditionals in Jóola Eegimaa: A Descriptive Analysis
1. IntroductionConditional constructions have the general format if P, then Q. Proposition P is referred to as the antecedent or the protasis and proposition Q is known as the consequent or the apodosis (Salone 1979, Caron 2006). In this paper, I take...
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Vol. 45, No. 1/2, 2016

Structural Patterns and Strategies of Codeswitching in Igbo-English Bilingual Discourse
1.IntroductionCodeswitching refers to the use of elements belonging to more than one language, consciously or unconsciously, by speakers who have two (or more) languages in their repertoires when speaking with other speakers who are bilingual in the...
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Relative Clause Constructions in Nkami
1.Introduction11.1. Relative clauses. A relative clause construction (RCC) typically consists of two independent clauses, a main clause (MC) and an embedded clause, which share a common argument. The embedded clause, called the relative clause (RC),...
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A Phylogenetic Analysis of Stable Structural Features in West African Languages
1.IntroductionNorthern sub-Saharan western Africa ("West Africa") is known for its great linguistic diversity, and also for its unclear linguistic past. Dating back to the 19th century, lexical evidence has predominated in the comparative study of the...
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Some Inventory-Related Asymmetries in the Patterning of Tongue Root Harmony Systems
1.IntroductionMany African languages, especially in the Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan phyla, have vowel contrasts that have commonly been analyzed in terms of a feature [Advanced Tongue Root] ([ATR]). Quite a few such languages have a tongue root contrast...
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Clicks, Stop Bursts, Vocoids and the Timing of Articulatory Gestures in Kinyarwanda
1.IntroductionThis paper provides evidence for the existence of epiphenomenal (i.e., non-phonemic) clicks in Kinyarwanda. This phenomenon was noted during a study of the phonetics of Kinyarwanda prenasalized consonants (Demolin & Delvaux 2001, Demolin,...
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Heterosemy of Case Markers and Clause-Linkers in Andaandi (Nile Nubian)
1.Topic of paperCase markers are commonly viewed as properties of dependent noun phrases indicating the type of relationship they bear to their heads (Blake 1994: 1). However, in some languages case markers are additionally used on verbal forms where...
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The Origin of Mid Vowels in Siwi
1.IntroductionMost Berber languages have a vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/, /u/ plus /a/. Some varieties, however, additionally display mid vowels /e/ and/or /o/. Insofar as these vowels appear in inherited vocabulary, their origin poses difficulties:...
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Vol. 44, No. 2, 2015

Izon Verbal Extensions
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. Introduction: verbal extensions in AfricaSystems of verbal extension, consisting of affixes that alter argument structure, are widely reported in the world, and are scattered throughout Africa, where they compete...
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A Case for Revisiting Definitions of Serial Verb Constructions-Evidence from Akan Serial Verb Nominalization
1. IntroductionThis paper attempts to capture what native speakers of Akan, a serializing language, know about their language and to see how that knowledge may have implications for how Serial Verb Constructions (SVCs) are understood in the language...
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From Elmolo to Gura Pau: A Remembered Cushitic Language of Lake Turkana and Its Possible Revitalization
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. The Elmolo people todayThe Elmolo are a small fishing community living near Lake Turkana, in northeast Kenya. Long considered "the smallest tribe of Kenya" and on the verge of extinction, the Elmolo have actually...
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Vol. 44, No. 1, 2015

Babanki Verb Tone
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThis paper2 accounts for the numerous surface tonal melodies found on the verb in Babanki, a Grassfields Bantu language of northwestern Cameroon. An examination of the verb system reveals that,...
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Agreement with Conjoined Arguments in Kuria
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionKuria is a Bantu language (Narrow Bantu E.43) spoken in Southwest Kenya and Northwest Tanzania. It has been the subject of some morphological and phonological research (Cammenga 2004, Mwita 2008,...
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On Whether 'Dorobo' Was a Fourth Kuliak Language
1. IntroductionThe Kuliak (Rub) language subgroup, considered by many to belong in Nilo-Saharan (cf. Schrock 2014), consists of three languages: So (Tepeth), Nyang'i, and Ik. All three are spoken in the region of Karamoja in northeastern Uganda. When...
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Vol. 43, No. 2, 2014

Subject Marking Interrupted: Perturbations from the Development of Northern Mao's Future Tense Suffix1
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionNorthern Mao is an endangered Omotic-Mao language of western Ethiopia (Bender 2003; Ahland 2012). The language is also known by the toponyms Bambassi and Didessa and the autonym Màwés Aats'e?. There...
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Exceptional Patterns of Object Marking in Bantu
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionIn a wide range of Bantu languages and phenomena, the 1SG object prefix (OP) and the reflexive display exceptional properties compared to other OPs. This paper deals primarily with three phenomena...
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Discourse Functions of Demonstratives in Eastern Bantu Narrative Texts
1. IntroductionThis paper1 describes the functions of demonstratives in narrative texts in 10 Bantu languages spoken in Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (collectively referred to here as 'eastern Bantu languages')....
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Vol. 43, No. 1, 2014

L' Idéophone En Ebwela, Langue Bantoue Du Nord-Ouest De la Rd Congo
Cette étude examine les formes des expressions dites idéophones, leurs aspects phonologiques et morphologiques, leur mode de formation (dérivation) ou leur participation dans la création lexicale (déidéophone) et leur emploi (syntaxique) en ebwela.En...
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Unlocking the Ik Instrumental Case1
1. IntroductionIk, a Kuliak (Nilo-Saharan) language spoken by roughly 7000 people in northeastern Uganda, is one of the hundred or so languages in Africa that have been described as having a case system (König 2002:284). The latest scholarly treatment...
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Body-Part Adpositions in Gaahmg - Grammaticalized Forms with Person-Marker Vowels
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1. IntroductionCasad (1982) was among the first to note that adpositions are derived from nouns in many languages. Heine (1989) continues in showing how landmark nouns ('earth', 'sky', etc.) or body parts ('head',...
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Vol. 42, No. 2, 2013

Ternary Spreading and the Ocp in Copperbelt Bemba
Bemba tonology has been described with respect to two prominent claims: H tone local spreading is binary, and is blocked by the OCP. These claims are based on Bemba, as spoken in Northern Zambia. This paper examines these two claims with respect to contemporary...
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Second Person Agreement Allomorphy in Masarak1
Masarak (also known as Masalit, sometimes spelled Massaleit), an endangered Nilo-Saharan language spoken in Darfur, is characterized by complex agreement patterns, particularly in the second person. This article outlines Masarak agreement patterns in...
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THE FUNCTION OF THE POST VERBAL la IN DAGBANI
This paper investigates the function(s) of the post verbal particle la in Dagbani, a Gur language spoken in Northern Ghana. I contend that the particle marks neither imperfective aspect nor contrastive focus on NP objects and adjuncts, as suggested by...
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Vol. 42, No. 1, 2013

Three-Place Predicates in West African Serializing Languages
The widespread assumption that serializing languages use serial verb constructions (SVCs) to code three-participant situations and therefore lack three-place predicates and three-place mono-verbal constructions is shown not to be valid for West African...
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Indirect Object and Benfactive Predications in Chadic: A Typological Sketch
The aim of the present study is to propose, for the first time, a typology of the forms and functions related to the indirect object and benefactive predications in Chadic languages. Some languages have grammaticalized only the indirect object predication;...
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Demarcating Emai Dative Constructions
1. IntroductionThis paper investigates the formal and functional character of a dative relation and two additional structural relations in Emai, an Edoid language of West Benue Congo stock (Bendor-Samuel 1989, Williamson and Blench 2000). Each relation...
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Vol. 41, No. 2, 2012

Bondu-So Vowel Harmony: A Descriptive Analysis with Theoretical Implications
This paper provides a descriptive analysis of the [ATR] vowel harmony system of Bondu-so (Dogon, Mali), a previously undocumented language. Data come from fieldwork and have not yet been published. While Bondu-so has seven surface vowels, namely, two...
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Prenominal Relative Clauses in Ethiopian Languages: From Inside and from Outside
1. IntroductionThe Ethiopian Language Area - including Ethiopia and Eritrea, as traditionally conceived - has been the subject of many studies for more than half a century (Leslau 1945, Greenberg 1959: 24, Ferguson 1970, 1976, Heine 1975: 41, Appleyard...
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Locationals in Oromo1
This is a study of the locational structures of Oromo. A range of syntactic constructions types is considered within a single synchronic grammaticalization schema. Speaker choices of particular structures within discourse are also identified and explored....
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Vol. 41, No. 1, 2012

The Basse Mandinka "Future"
The present paper provides a detailed analysis of the semantic content of the BE...LA formation found in the Basse Mandinka language. It demonstrates that the meaning of this locution corresponds to a complex set of various temporal, aspectual and modal...
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Notes on Gwama Grammar1
Based on original field work, the paper provides a preliminary characterization of the grammar of Gwama, a little-researched Nilo-Saharan language of western Ethiopia belonging to the Koman language cluster. Following a brief overview of the phonology,...
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Morpho-Phonological Levels and Grammaticalization in Karimojong: A Review of the Evidence1
An analysis of the affixation processes and the phonological rules governing [ATR] harmony in Karimojong verbs permits the organization of derivational processes into three levels. On each level specific groups of morphemes are affixed and the resultant...
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Vol. 40, No. 1/2, 2011

Auxiliary Verb Constructions in the Languages of Africa
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Auxiliary verb constructions-constructions with two or more elements of verbal origin, one of which expresses functional semantic categories-are widespread among the languages of Africa. In the following...
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Vol. 39, No. 2, 2010

Voice Contrast and Cumulative Faithfulness in Luwanga Nouns*
Luwanga has a seemingly allophonic surface distribution of voiced and voiceless obstruents. This commonplace distribution typically requires the proposition that segments are specified as either [±voice] underlyingly, with their counterparts derived...
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Plural Strategies in Yorùbá1
This paper accounts for the strategies that Yorùbá adopts to mark plural. One way in which plural is marked syntactically is by certain plural words. The plural word can either interpret the noun as plural directly as in the case of àwon and quantifying...
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2nd Department of African Language and Literature International Conference
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)12-14-Jul-2012Gaborone, BotswanaContact Person: Pearl Seloma, selomap@mopipi.ub.bwCall for papers deadline: 30-Apr-2012Conference Theme: African Languages, Literatures and Cultures in DevelopmentThis is an international...
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Vol. 39, No. 1, 2010

Issues in Noun Classification and Noun Class Assignment in Gújjolay Eegimaa1 (Banjal) and Other Jóola Languages
In his book on gender Corbett observes that establishing the number of genders or noun classes in a given language 'can be the subject of interminable dispute' (1991: 145). Jóola languages like Gújjolaay Eegimaa (bqj, Atlantic, Niger-Congo) have noun...
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Conference Announcements
WOCAL 7 (Cameroon)6 April 2011: Last week, the organizers of WOCAL7-Buea announced a workshop on post-verbal negation in African languages. This workshop is to take place within the frame of WOCAL7, which will be held in Buea, Cameroon from August 20...
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Vol. 38, No. 2, 2009

The Curious Case of Auxiliary -Many'a in Lwitaxo
Lwitaxo, one of the Luhya languages of Kenya, has an auxiliary verb of the form -many'a that occurs in compound constructions that express either a generic reading ("normally do V") or a culminative reading ("ended up Ving"). This verb is identical in...
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What Happens to Class When a Language Dies? Language Change vs. Language Death1
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThis paper presents the first documentation of the noun class system of the dying language Mani (buy), "Bullom So" in Ethnologue, a.k.a. Mmani, Mandenyi, etc.) spoken in Guinea and Sierra Leone....
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The 'Forgotten' Structure of Ikalanga Relatives
Demuth and Harford (1999) contend that in Bantu relatives, the verb raises from I-C if the relative morpheme is a bound morpheme while the subject remains in spec-IP resulting in subject -verb inversion. Ikalanga, a Bantu language spoken in Botswana...
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Symbolic Indexing in Oromo*
This paper identifies a general phonic pattern of indexing on referential, spatiotemporal, and logical structures in Oromo. Final -n(V) marking across these different grammatical forms correlates with assumed accessibility of referents and of other information...
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Letter from the Editor
Greetings from the editor, who hopes that all readers will enjoy this the last number (38.2 (2009)) of SAL in its traditional format, i.e., with the print version as primary. The news that I wish to convey here has mostly to do with SAL's transition...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, 2009

A Sketch of Afitti Phonology
AbstractPolitical conflict in the Sudan and the spread of Arabic are threatening Afitti, a North Eastern Sudanic language that has received relatively little scholarly attention. In addition to presenting original data on the language, this paper shows...
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Luganda Verb Morphology: A New Analysis of the Suffixes [-Ye] and [-A] and Their Distribution across the Indicative, Subjunctive and Imperative Moods
In this paper, I propose a novel morphological analysis of the Luganda (ISO 639-3: lug) verbal suffixes [-YE] and [-A]. I argue that the suffix [-YE] is bi-morphemic: [-Y] is a Perfective aspect morpheme, while [-E] is a functional suffix found in linguistic...
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Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring

Publications Received
Abu-Maganga, Al-Amin, Leoma Gilley & Anne Storch (eds.) Insights into Nilo-Saharan Language, History and Culture. Proceedings of the 9th Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium). (Nilo-Saharan Linguistic Analyses and Documentation, volume 23). Cologne:...
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Carl Friedrich Hoffmann (1925-2007)
Carl Hoffmann was a leading German Chadicist and Africanist, who was influential in the foundations of the Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages of the University of Ibadan between 1962 and 1978, and who was instrumental in establishing African...
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John Massie Stewart (1926-2006)
Born in Lossiemouth, Scotland, in 1926, John Stewart joined the army near the end of World War II, and in August 1945 was sent to serve in both Indonesia and Palestine, where he showed his flair for languages. In 1947 he began his degree course in French...
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Anthony Traill (1938-2007)
Sadly I report the death of Anthony Traill, noted phonetician and general expert on Khoisan and other languages of southern Africa. Tony's most important scholarly contributions were in phonetics, especially his extensive work on clicks, e.g., Traill...
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Vol. 35, No. 2, Fall

Grammatical Relations in Ikalanga*
Although facts about grammatical relations in many Bantu languages have been established since the early 1970s, there are still languages in this family which have not benefited from such studies. One of these is Ikalanga, spoken in Botswana and Zimbabwe....
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Publications Received
Khidir, Zakaria Fadoul. Bases et radicaux verbaux. Déverbatifs et déverbaux du beria (langue saharienne). (Nilo-Saharan Linguistic Analyses and Documentation, volume 20). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. 2005. Pp. 183, 2 maps, numerous tables. ISBN 978-3-89645-138-5....
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Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring

Archaeology, Language, and the African Past
Blench, Roger. Archaeology, Language, and the African Past. (African Archaeology Series, vol. 10. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press. 2006. Pp. xxv, 361. ISBN 0-7591-0446-2. Paperback. $44.95.This book comprehensively surveys the history of African language...
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Vol. 34, No. 2, Fall

A Diachronic Onomasiological Approach to Early Bantu Oil Palm Vocabulary*
Despite its ancient and long-lasting importance to sub-Saharan African economies, there has been no systematic attempt to reconstruct Proto-Bantu vocabulary referring to the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Scholars have identified four common noun...
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Das K'abeena. Deskriptive Grammatik Einer Hochlandostkuschitischen Sprache
Crass, Joachim. Das K'abeena. Deskriptive Grammatik einer Hochlandostkuschilischen Sprache. (Cushitic Language Studies, vol. 23). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp. viii, 383. 1 map, 52 tables, 1 illustration. ISBN 3-89645-480-3. Paperback. euro60.00.The...
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ÉLéments De Description Du Langi, Langue Bantu F33 De Tanzanie: Phonologie - Grammaire - Lexique
Dunham, Margaret. Éléments de Description du Langi, Langue Bantu F33 de Tanzanie: Phonologie - Grammaire - Lexique. (Langues et Littératures de l'Afrique Noire 13, SELAF n^sup o^ 413). Leuven/Paris/Dudley, MA: Éditions Peeters. 2005. Pp. vi, 335. ISBN...
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Four Wordlists of Extinct Cape Khoekhoe from the 18th Century*
The Khoekhoe language, a member of the Khoisan family, was widely spoken by Southern Africa pastoralists and hunters-gatherers a few centuries ago. Apart from varieties still spoken in the 20th century (such as Nama in Namibia), very little is known...
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Information Structuring in Akan Question-Word Fronting and Focus Constructions*
Wh-question fronting and focus constructions in Akan have three structural characteristics in common: constituent fronting, introduction of a clitic morpheme after the fronted constituent, and pronoun resumption in a canonical clause position. In comparing...
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The Noun Morphology of Western Nilotic
Storch, Anne. The Noun Morphology of Western Nilotic. (Nilo-Saharan Linguistic Analyses and Documentation, vol. 21). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. 2005. Pp. 448; 1 colored map, 3 b/w maps, numerous tables and charts. ISBN 3-89645-139-1. Paperback. euro64.00.Comparative...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, Spring

Publications Received
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED Deen, Kamil Ud. The Acquisition of Swahili. (Language Acquisition and Language Disorders, vol. 40). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. 2004. Pp. x, 241. ISBN 90-272-5300-5. Hardcover. $132.00Acquisition of verbal...
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Upcoming Meetings on African Languages / Linguistics
2006March 17-1934TH NORTH AMERICAN CONFERENCE ON AFROASIATIC LINGUISTICS. Seattle. Conference webpage: http://www.nacal.org.April 6-9ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON AFRICAN LINGUISTICS 37. University of Oregon. Abstract deadline: December 7, 2005. Contact: conference...
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