International Forum of Teaching and Studies

Articles

Vol. 9, No. 1, 2013

Using Story Grammar to Enhance Reading Comprehension
[Abstract]It is generally acknowledged that reading comprehension is expected as the preferred reading outcome, as is obtaining analytical thinking in particular when higher reading skills are emphasized. The story grammar technique is among the teaching...
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Creating Constructivist Learning Environment: Role of "Web 2.0" Technology
[Abstract]Contemporary educational practices encourage teaching practices grounded in the principles of constructivism. In a constructivist learning situation learners bring unique prior experiences and beliefs and knowledge is constructed uniquely and...
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Adult Learning Orientations: The Case of Language Teachers in Peru
[Abstract]Adult learners begin the study of a second language because they chose to do so, whereas early language learners are "forced" through culture transfer or bilingual education in early grades. Adults recognize that learning a language will satisfy...
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Pre-Service Teacher Education in Thailand in the Third Space
[Abstract]The teaching identities of student teachers were developed using the concept of third space. This paper exhibits an experiment in applying the third space concept to traditional five-year program for the pre-service teacher education participated...
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Teaching Academic Writing with Rich Feature Analysis
[Abstract]Learning to write academic essays, language learners have to move along the mode continuum from the spoken modal point to the written modal point. Rich feature analysis allows learners to identify the lexical and grammatical features that are...
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Promising as a Speech Act in Jordanian Arabic
[Abstract]This is a pragmatic study of linguistic realizations and strategies of the speech act of promising in Jordanian Arabic. It was conducted using a Discourse Completion Test (DCT) aiming at identifying the various types of promising employed by...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, 2012

Understanding and Promoting Learning Theories
[Abstract]Learning theories deal with the ways people learn. There are a number of different learning theories in our society. For example, there are behaviorist, cognitivist, social and experiential learning theories. All learning theories strive to...
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A Social Capital Inventory for Adult Literacy Learners
[Abstract]The purpose of this study was to assess the current scholarship on adult learning and social capital with specific attention to research in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States. This review provided the foundation to...
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Self-Regulated Learning and Reading in Social Studies - K-12 Level
[Abstract]Self-regulatory processes promote achievement in the basic skills of reading in social studies content. Research has found that self-regulatory behaviors in reading include clarifying one's purpose, understanding meanings, drawing inferences,...
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Construction and Application of Scenarios in College EFL Learning
[Abstract]To integrate vocational skills in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learning both in class instruction and online training, an innovate Virtual Service Learning pedagogy is proposed on the basis of prestigious learning theories in China and...
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Some Problems Students Face in English Poetry in Jordan: A Corpus-Driven Study of Students' Responses
[Abstract]Many students in Jordan who join the course on English poetry come to it with the conviction that it does not differ much from poetry written in Arabic, and that the knowledge acquired at school can help them with this course. This research...
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Nomination and National Identity in Brian Friel's Translations
[Abstract]Brian Friel's Translations (1980) demonstrates the role of language in combating British colonialism. The present study examines how the writer formulates a new sense of national identity in the audience who despise the replacement of the Gaelic...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012

Transformational Leadership Journeys of Transnational Individuals: A Study of Belizean Leaders
[Abstract]Built upon a framework of leadership theory and transformative learning, this paper reveals results from interviews of women higher education leaders conducted in November of 2010. The eight women from across Belize related their leadership...
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Revealing Authentic Teacher Professional Development Using Situated Learning in Virtual Environments as a Teaching Tool
[Abstract]The purpose of this study was to demonstrate if and how pre-service teachers form pedagogic identities while participating in simulated professional development activities using two Internet-based virtual environments, Second Life and Skype....
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Empowering Women through Microfinance: Microfinance Interventions in Ghana and South Africa
[Abstract]Female disempowerment is a major problem throughout the world. Disempowered women face a variety of economic, social, and physical ills, which erodes their self-image, limits their ability to make independent choices, and leaves them powerless...
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Implementing SDL as Professional Development in K-12
[Abstract]This article features a discussion comparing the effectiveness of self-directed learning as a form of professional development and as an alternative to pedagogical models of training. Five journal articles related to various aspects of self-directed...
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The Impact of Addressee on the Form of Language Used by the Speaker
[Abstract]This paper seeks to address the effect of the addressee on the form of language used by the speaker (formal and Informal) in certain Jordanian speech communities, where people speak differently according to whom they are addressing. The aim...
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A Passionate Defense of Words
DePaul UniversitySchool of Public ServiceThey are what we use to express ourselves daily, their sound and rhythm, the tip of the tongue, teeth and lips ... intonations and vibrations, accents and dialects. They are our communication. They create phrases...
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REPORT ON A SEMINAR Global Adult Education: Today and Tomorrow
DePaul University, Chicago, USAFebruary 25th, 2012Marion Fleige and Gabriele Strohschenwith comments by Elio DeArrudah and Dennis GregoryOn Saturday, February 25th, 2012, adult education practitioner-scholars gathered at DePaul University's Loop campus...
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Cambodia: A Gentle Land of Kindness
Are we ever getting off this bus?" my companion whined.At this point, we were on hour 12 of what was supposed to be a "quick six-hour" jaunt to Cambodia."Yes, of course, There will be air conditioning and a clean bathroom," I responded, reiterating what...
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Haiti: The World Shows Compassion
Many LatinAmerican nations celebrated their bicentennials over the last several years, marking 200 years of independence. After years of battles, blood, and trauma, most of these countries still struggle today and depend on developed countries for economic...
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Learning, Honoring Native Languages
Native American blood, Cherokee and Kickapoo, runs through my veins. I am a Cherokee Nation citizen, a member of the Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas and a U.S. citizen. That makes I me a citizen of three sovereign nations.I am thankful to know where I come...
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Celebrating Strength: Saudi Women
AnArabic newspaper recently alleged that Saudi women are the most beautiful and pampered women in the world. The article asserted that princesses do not drive cars by themselves and neither do Saudi women.But a Saudi woman will tell you that her life...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, 2011

Implementing Podcasts and Blogs with ESOL Teacher Candidates' Preparation: Interpretations and Implications
[Abstract]This in-depth case study of three ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) teacher candidates investigates questions regarding their actions, attitudes, and perceptions toward the instructional uses of podcasts and blogs in a core assignment....
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Supporting Adult Learners' Use of Reading Strategies through Effective Literacy Scaffolding
[Abstract]This article explores the use of scaffolding approaches to support college developmental learners' use of reading strategies so as to help them to transition into autonomy in learning. Grounded in the sociocultural model of literacy learning...
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Teacher Education Programs in SAARC Countries: A Comparative Study
[Abstract]The education system of a country addresses the specific problems of the nation and organizes itself to the contextual needs. Teacher education is also developed according to these social realities. One change that has been witnessed worldwide...
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The American Literary Canon: Impervious to Change?
[Abstract]It is claimed that the American literary canon should be revised and expanded because it does not do all American writers justice. Focusing on males and whites, this canon has been divesting women and nonwhites of the right to existence. The...
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Educating for a Healthy Environment
[Abstract]We need to educate our children to adapt to the effects of climate change because even if greenhouse gases are reduced in the near future, the earth's climate will continue to change and will affect the health of all citizens throughout the...
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The Impact of Promotion on Enrollment of Students into Private Schools
[Abstract]This study investigates the variables that have a significant impact on the enrollment of students in private schools and the best use of these variables for private schools to attract prospective students. Results of the study revealed that...
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Empowering Learners: Teaching American Literature by Shifting the Focus from the Instruction Paradigm to the Learning Paradigm
[Abstract]It is argued that learners have been so far exposed to the teaching paradigm, which justifies their being passive and incompetent, and hesitant to speak in class. So long as the world is rapidly changing as is literacy, it is claimed that a...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2011

Notes from the Editor
This issue of IFOTS challenges us with its variety of writing styles and definitions of terms and concepts. The interpretation of meanings of terms and concepts from within any particular cultural perspective gives pause for re-consideration of these...
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Increasing Comprehension of Content Delivered in English to Non-Native Speakers
[Abstract] Non-native speakers of English may display behaviors that indicate understanding of lectures even though they are not following the lesson. Prepared lectures delivered by native English-speaking professors may move too quickly for students...
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The Relevance of Multicultural Education for Adult Learners in Higher Education
[Abstract] Multicultural education is the teaching and learning of the histories and cultures of all students in the teaching-learning process in any educational system. According to Banks, (1997), it is an idea, an educational reform movement, and a...
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English Language and Culture through the Eyes of Short Story Students in Jordan: A Corpus-Driven Research
[Abstract] The attitude of university students in Jordan toward the English language and culture reveals a dichotomy of desire and repugnance; a desire to have a good command of the language for purely utilitarian purposes, while at the same time adopting...
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Cross-Cultural Management of Foreign Teachers in Chinese Colleges
[Abstract] As part of the higher education internationalization process, recruitment of foreign teachers is an important way for colleges to learn about progress in science and technology and about overseas teaching methods. It is also an important way...
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Suggested Educational Competencies for School Teachers in Light of the Global Tendencies towards a Knowledge Economy
[Abstract] This study aims at preparing a vision for educational competencies of school teachers in light of the global tendencies toward a knowledge-based economy in order to refine qualifying teacher programs. To achieve these goals, the study addressed...
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A New Concept of Green Education: The Cultivation Model for Successful and Practical Talents
[Abstract] Across many cultures, the word green has broad and important meanings. In some cultures, green symbolizes hope and growth, a clear association with nature. Also in the context of nature, green is associated with regeneration, fertility, and...
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A Study on Cognitive Models in Color Term Translation between English and Chinese
[Abstract] People from different cultures have different cognitive models, and knowing the different cognitive models people employ, we can grasp the deep meaning of color terms in English and Chinese, hence translating the color terms more vividly....
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Vol. 6, No. 2, 2010

Critical Analysis of Leadership Needed in Higher Education
[Abstract]This article is intended to critically analyze what leadership is needed in higher education. By doing so, leadership theories have been discussed from different angles as researchers in the field have done. Then, the article attempts to point...
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Examining Activities That Promote Transformative Learning of Black African International Adult Learners in an American University
[Abstract]Adult learners from Sub-Saharan Africa pass through different of transformation in their journey to achieve academic success. In the present diverse and globalized world, there is the interdependency with the environment, where people face...
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A Review of the Empirical Research on Metacognition in ESL/EFL Writing
[Abstract]This paper synthesizes and appraises the empirical research about metacognition in ESL/EFL writing. It first explores the definitions of metacognition and the major components of metacognition. Then the relationship between metacognition and...
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Decentralized Governance of Rural Elementary Education in Betul District of Madhya Pradesh in India
[Abstract]The 73rd and 74th Amendment Acts 1992, after their adoption by the States have provided renewed thrust to decentralized governance through participation and empowerment of people, specially those living in villages. This is expected to have...
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Inclusion in Old Literary Criticism
[Abstract]This research sought to examine the term "inclusion" in the old critical writings, employing the historical approach in tracing the term in its original sources. It also presented the terms which replaced its use in contexts, sources of the...
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A Corpus-Based Study of the INFORM Group of English Speech Act Verbs
[Abstract]This research provides a corpus-based study on the semantic description and analysis of a specific group of English speech act verbs (SAVs), namely, the INFORM group. The group includes the following speech act verbs: INFORM, NOTIFY, ANNOUNCE,...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, 2010

Notes from the Editor
This issue of IFOTS comes filled to the brim with perspectives from around the globe. During the selection process, we experienced many moments, when reflection and critical analysis were of utter importance. Although this is typically the case for any...
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Educational Leaders' Points of View toward the Role of School Curricula in Promoting Security Education in Jordan
[Abstract] This study aims at examining the educational leaders' points of view toward the role of school curricula in promoting security education in Jordan. The impact of gender, qualification, experience, job title, and participation in security education...
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Effective Teacher Preparation Programs: Bridging the Gap between Educational Technology Availability and Its Utilization
[Abstract] This article examines the need for restructuring current teacher preparation programs. The effectively re-designed program will offer preservice teachers the tools necessary for providing K-12 students the education needed to be successful...
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A Look at the Trend of Distance and Adult Education in Ghana
[Abstract] Distance learning in sub-Saharan Africa is very limited and inefficient. Information, communication, and technology seem to be struggling in the third world as result of inadequate infrastructure, financial constraints, and social or cultural...
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The Islamic Perspective of Values in the Positivist Educational Philosophies
[Abstract] The purpose of this study was to infer the educational values in positivist educational philosophies from one side, and the Islamic perspective related on the other. The researcher followed the integrative approach and applied the technique...
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Bridging the Gap: Understanding Cultural Capital in EFL Classes
[Abstract] This article focuses on the interaction between home and school learning practices of EFL students in an undergraduate EFL class. Drawing on Bourdieu's sociological construct of habitus, field, and capital (1986), we examined what types of...
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The Effect of Teachers' Behavior on Students' Behavior in the Classroom
[Abstract] Primary education is understood as a basic stage of education, which is either a self -contained phase or which forms a part of a larger cycle of formal education. Children during the elementary school period learn to develop respect for others....
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Semantic and Syntactic Analysis of THAT Complement in the English Language
[Abstract] THAT complement clauses have been studied by previous researchers mostly from the following perspectives, lacking semantic analysis: the main tenses of THAT complement clauses, the omission of a preposition before the complementizer that,...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, 2008

If Your Learning Experience Is Meaningful for You, How Have You Been Constructing That Meaning? A Study of Adult Learners in Bangkok
[Abstract]This qualitative study explored the adult learners' meaning construction of their learning experiences in non-formal education (NFE) settings in Bangkok. It aimed at providing NFE practitioners and learners with an analytical tool to understand...
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Evolution of an Educational Research Model: Transformative Learning Research Intersecting with Learners' Lives across Varied Contexts
[Abstract]This research article includes an unusual opportunity and format to present a research tested and transformative learning (Mezirow, 1975) model (King, 1998, 2005) used across several contexts of adult learning. Readers see the empowering results...
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The Business Continuity Plan: Outline for School Disaster Recovery
[Abstract]The authors discuss the concepts of business and human enterprise continuity as they apply to schools. Planning for disaster recovery in schools will require a systematic approach including the development of policies and oversight procedures...
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Adult Education Philosophies in Post Modern China
[Abstract]The most common purposes of adult education reflect six underlying philosophies which represent a dichotomy-either teacher-centeredness or student-centeredness. While teacher-dominated teaching embraces such philosophies as liberal, behavioral...
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A Study of the Evolution of Women's Roles in Thai Higher Education Institutions
[Abstract]This historical research uses both document study and oral history. The period of this research covers 150 years, from 1856 to 2006A.D. Content analysis focused on women's roles in Thai higher education institutions, referring to learners in...
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Essay: New Employees Productive, Faster
There are many reasons why a company might want to implement a Mentoring Program. It might be for career development for high potentials, to support women in a male dominated workplace, or to support diversity programs in an organization. One common...
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Drawings and Drums: Incorporating Semiotic Activities to Enlist Learning
[Abstract]This study was concerned with how international electronic students could move from spatial and psychological "silos" to more interactive collaborative learning environments. The researchers sought to learn if students, through certain embedded...
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Corpus-Based Analysis of DM Well's Pragmatic Functions
[Abstract]Based on the abundant data provided by the BNC (British National Corpus), this paper intends to make a comprehensive description and analysis of the pragmatic functions and conversational meanings of the discourse marker well. The functions...
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Studies on Contrastive Analysis
[Abstract]This paper discusses the development and eventual rejection of Contrastive Analysis, which emerged in the 1950's as a strategy for comparing specific languages and predicting the difficulties students would experience in learning them. Using...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, Summer

Notes from the Editor
There are times when those of us working on the IFOTS journal burn the midnight oil to ensure that the issue comes out on time. Why? Well, because it is no small feat to communicate across language barriers, cultural norms, and time zones to get all...
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Enhancing Experiential Pedagogy with Interdisciplinary Engineering Service-Learning Activities
[Abstract]Service-learning as an experiential pedagogy has been gaining attention and support from technical programs in recent years. The realization of the impact of service-learning to traditional engineering programs requires a pragmatic model with...
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Engaging Adult Learners through the Arts: InterACTIVE Cancer Education
[Abstract]Arts in cancer education builds community, promotes a wholistic way of learning and supports fun as described by Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) on a written survey in which 86% (224/261) of respondents felt integrating...
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Application of VPIE in Professional Knowledge Practice and English Learning for Police Academy Students
[Abstract]This article probes into a new comprehensive teaching pattern of practicing professional knowledge, English learning and computer skills. It introduces the Virtual Policing in English (VPIE) program for students of a police academy to simulate...
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A Development of the Classroom Research Synthesis Method
[Abstract]The objective of the study is to develop and validate the classroom research synthesis method in elementary mathematics. Major findings are that (1) the developed classroom research synthesis method consists of research collection, examination,...
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SKYPE: A Synchronous Tool for Computer-Mediated Collaboration
[Abstract]Computer-mediated communication tools are becoming increasingly important in a world in which time and space are no longer parameters for defining collaboration. Because of time and space, many of these tools are asynchronous. However, computer-mediated...
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Reflection on the Higher Engineering Education in China Based on Engineering Education Reform at North China University of Technology
[Abstract]Science and technology are developing rapidly and the industrial structure is being reconstructed under the globalization. During the process of University education popularization in China, its engineering education should be adjusted to adapt...
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On Ruling the Colleges and Universities by Law in Cross-Cultural Communication
Colleges and Universities are social institutions and organizations of higher education that are responsible for teaching activities and fostering special talents in China. Accompanying the increasingly growing of cultural exchanges, competition between...
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On Allen Lee's Essay
Allen Lee, a Cary-Grove senior, was charged with disorderly conduct; he was arrested on the basis of the creative writing essay he wrote in his creative-writing English class. This situation was very critical, and I believe it was handled inappropriately...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring

Presentation -an Initial Step to Introduce Structures and Functions
[Abstract]Presentation is the best way to provide students with clear information about the sentence structure and its functions. It also gives students the opportunity to produce the language they have just been taught. A good presentation should be...
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Vocational Certificate Curriculum in Thailand: The Ultimate Authentic Assessment Is Gone
[Abstract]Thai non-formal education had recently a unique program called the Vocational Certificate Curriculum. It was a fully project-based and authentic teaching, learning and assessment process which granted a certificate equivalent to the formal...
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Experiential Learning as Applied to the Fundamentals of Fashion Design
[Abstract]This paper is a limited exploration of the juncture at which the author's humanist teaching values and philosophy and predominantly constructivist methodology lie within the theory of Experiential Learning. By preliminarily exploring the work...
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Estimation and the General Estimating Ability of Secondary Students - an Overview
[Abstract]Mathematics and Science education at secondary level emphasizes the importance of teaching measurement. Any continuous measurement like measuring length, time etc. is not exact, at best an "estimate". Estimation offers approximate and real...
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Essay: Learners Are No Fools: An Adult Learner Speaks Out
The barriers of ego that shape some adult educators' thinking and prevent them from fulfilling learning objectives for their students are one of the key problems in adult education, and learners know this well. As adult educators, we are bombarded with...
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New Perspectives in Tom's Midnight Garden and the Stone Book Quartet : Significance and Structure
New Perspectives in Tom's Midnight Garden and The Stone Book Quartet : Significance and StructureAccording to Prop's theory, the "function of tales" is an act of a character, defined from the point of view of its significance for the course of the action....
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Chinese Entrepreneurs' Study Patterns Based on Schools and the Educational System
[Abstract]This is a qualitative case study. In this article, I expound the relevance of the Chinese entrepreneur's human capital accumulation to their study. From the study, I concluded that the Chinese educational system plays an important role in its...
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A New Transformation in Higher Education: Benefits of Yoga and Meditation
[Abstract]This article provides a brief assessment of the stressors and responses to stress that students presently experience and our need as educators to address physical, mental and spiritual needs of students in creative ways. It describes an interdisciplinary...
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The Design and Implementation of the Integrative Management System for Managing Adult Education: A Case Study
[Abstract]Adult Education in China is one the increase. Managing adult students, their studies and activities have been a challenge for many Chinese continuing education centers in universities. This paper studies the theory and complexity of adult student...
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Vol. 3, No. 3, Winter

Developing Professional Dispositions in the Preservice Teacher: Raising Standards
[Abstract] The authors analyze the classroom dispositions of pre-service teachers in higher education from the perspective of a rubric identifying characteristics of emergent professionalism. The implementation of the rubric was met with high levels...
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Status of Students and Balmitras in the Alternative and Innovative Education System
[Abstract] Ensuring basic primary education to all its citizens has been a growing concern among the countries of the world. With the countries being signatory to the convention on 'Education for All' different programs have been undertaken across nations...
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Education for Sustainable Development: Implications for Teacher Education
[Abstract] The basic aim of education at any level is to enable the learner to make sense of life, and to develop the potential for peaceful coexistence with nature. There is great disquiet about several aspects of educational practices, like school...
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ARTADEMIA: Visualizing and Animating Academia for Multi-Modal Learning Regina Kuhnley
[Abstract] The academic environment has historically favored learning by written language and mathematical calculations with little or no graphical references. This approach doesn't work for artists and needs to be expanded into the larger educational...
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Assessing Second Language Vocabulary Knowledge
[Abstract] This article proposes a framework for the assessment of second language vocabulary knowledge by juxtaposing two major theoretical distinctions: "breadth" versus "depth" and "receptive" versus "productive," generally addressed separately in...
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Models and Strategies for Initial Implementation of Lesson Study in Schools
[Abstract] Lesson study, a professional development approach, originated in Japan. Although lesson study process has been adopted in many countries, it is rarely used in Thailand. Lesson study promotes teacher-led instructional improvement and self-directed...
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Field Trips as Experiential Education A Case Study of Siam University's Professional Doctoral Program in Educational Administration
[Abstract] This case study highlights the key aspects of experiential learning on hand of a description Siam University's field trip program with the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Offering practical tips for coordination of such intercultural...
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Know before You Go
What You Need to KnowWith a large number of companies now off shoring and outsourcing, more training is now being delivered globally. Training programs developed in the US and delivered overseas are often met with mixed reactions by audiences overseas....
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What Does Research Say about Streaming Media?
Streaming media is everywhere. Corporations, entertainment media, news media and educational institutions use it. The explosion of technology has raised the question: "What does research say about streaming media?" How effective is the use of streaming...
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