Australian Journal of Environmental Education

Articles

Vol. 29, No. 2, December

The Logic of School Gardens: A Phenomenological Study of Teacher Rationales
This article reports the findings of a research study designed to interpret the experience of three primary teachers who choose to incorporate a school garden into their pedagogy. Of particular interest are the internal processes and products involved...
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Schooling Ecologically: An Inquiry into Teachers' Ecological Understanding in 'Alternative' Schools
In this article, I report on an inquiry into ways in which ecological thinking informs the everyday practice of a selection of teachers. My use of the term 'ecological' is informed by Bateson's (1972, 1979) 'ecological epistemology', in which he draws...
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Integrating Education for Sustainability in Preservice Teacher Education: A Case Study from a Regional Australian University
EfS in Preservice Teacher Education While the role of preservice teacher education in developing teachers who are 'ready, willing and able to teach for sustainability when they begin their teaching careers' is recognised as being fundamental to...
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Creative Arts-Based Pedagogies in Early Childhood Education for Sustainability (EFS): Challenges and Possibilities
A re-emerging trend in environmental education is that of 'nature education' (Archimedes Training Ltd, 2007; Mindstretchers, 2010; Wallis, 2004). The emphasis here is on primary experience in the natural world--preferably wild or unstructured spaces--with...
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Drama and Environment: Joining Forces to Engage Children and Young People in Environmental Education
The world is in a state of serious environmental decline with the plight of climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation (Worldwatch Institute, 2012). There is an increasing realisation that the arts have an important role in influencing...
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Science Teachers' and Senior Secondary Schools Students' Perceptions of Earth and Environmental Science Topics
Earth and environmental science (EES) education is becoming increasingly important in school science education. With global issues of sustainability, climate change, threats to biodiversity, and dwindling energy and mineral resources, it is important...
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Bridges to Global Citizenship: Ecologically Sustainable Futures Utilising Children's Literature in Teacher Education
Greater life expectancy, more gender and racial equality, extensive consumer choice, and some extension of human rights and political freedoms have been just some of the benefits enjoyed by the world's peoples due to modern economic developments (Agnello,...
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Teaching for Sustainability: Inquiry, Values and Action across the Curriculum
Teaching for Sustainability: Inquiry, Values and Action Across the Curriculum Jillian Cupitt & Syd Smith Macmillan Teacher Resources, South Yarra, 2012, 80 pp., ISBN 978 1 4202 9347 0 Written for use by classroom teachers, Teaching for Sustainability...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, July

Special Issue Dedicated to Professor Frank Fisher (1943-2012): A Courageous Life
In 2007 Professor Frank Fisher was named Australia's inaugural Environmental Educator of the Year (by the Australian Association for Environmental Education). Frank lived a life driven by a determination to engage fully with the world around him. As...
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Courage! Cross-Disciplinary Connections & Boundary Crossings in Environmental Education and Its Research
Dorothy: Your Majesty, If you were King, you wouldn't be afraid of anything? Lion: Not nobody, not nohow! Tin Man: Not even a rhinocerous? Lion: Imposserous! Dorothy: How about a hippopotamus? Lion: Why, I'd trash him from top to bottomamus!...
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A Voice for Children and Young People in the City
Children's and young people's views and urban experiences lack legitimacy and voice in the majority of current urban planning processes. Children and young people (1) are primarily restricted to commenting about specific design features of parks and...
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The Place of Experience and the Experience of Place: Intersections between Sustainability Education and Outdoor Learning
The United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-2014) called for 'a new vision of education that seeks to empower people of all ages to assume responsibility for creating a sustainable future' (as cited in Eames, Barker, Wilson-Hill,...
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Education for Sustainability, Graduate Capabilities, Professional Employment: How They All Connect
Increasingly universities are embracing a vocational orientation. The graduate attributes they set for their graduates to achieve align closely with the expectations of employers (Thomas & Day, 2013). Yet we would expect that these attributes are...
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Supporting the Sustainability Journey of Tertiary International Students in Australia
This article reports the findings of a pilot EfS program implemented in 2011 for international students in a multi-campus distributed learning environment at an Australian university. The study focused on international students from developing economies...
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Student-Facilitators as University Tutors: An Effective Approach to Sustainability Education
It is widely accepted that higher education institutions have the potential to play a crucial role in inspiring and motivating students to embrace the sustainability challenges faced by contemporary societies (Cortese, 2003; Harris, 2009; Jones, Trier,...
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Three Academics' Narratives in Transforming Curriculum for Education for Sustainable Development
This article refers to work undertaken within a PhD study by Wahr (co-author of this paper). Wahr's PhD investigates the role and form of professional development to promote and support sustainability related higher education curriculum change. In...
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Environmental Science
Environmental Science G. Tyler Miller & Scott E. Spoolman Brookes/Cole, Belmont, USA, 14th edition, 2013, 411 pp, ISBN 978-1-111-988937 In the preface to their book Environmental Science, Miller and Spoolman introduce the reader to several...
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Learning Gardens and Sustainability Education: Bringing Life to Schools and Schools to Life
Learning Gardens and Sustainability Education: Bringing Life to Schools and Schools to Life Dilafruz R. Williams and Jonathan D. Brown Routledge, New York, 2012, 227 pp, ISBN 978-0415899826 In addition to the proliferation of school garden...
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Vol. 28, No. 2, December

Mapping Sustainability Initiatives across a Region: An Innovative Survey Approach
The study on which this article is based is part of a larger program of research about place-based sustainability education for the Anthropocene, proposed to identify the current era of human-induced changes to planetary processes. In using this term...
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Bala Ga Lili: Meeting Indigenous Learners Halfway
During 2008 and 2009 I worked as a classroom teacher at a primary school in an Aboriginal community in Queensland. In previous settings I had experienced success in engaging challenging students through hands-on projects connected with restoration...
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Preparing Action Competent Environmental Educators: How Hard Could It Be?
The purpose of this article is to explore the design of a new subject in the Bachelor of Primary Education at the University of Wollongong (UOW) through the experiences of the designers (the subject instructors) and students who participated in the...
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Sustainability Education and Teacher Education: Finding a Natural Habitat?
An education that will show us how to 'live as if the world mattered' (Jickling, 2009, p. 209) is vital for extending the life and livability of the planet. Both educational and government authorities share responsibility for implementing sustainable...
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100% Renewables as a Focus for Environmental Education
The report and recommendations of the 4th International Conference on Environmental Education (EE; UNESCO/UNEP, 2007) portrayed environmental education as evolving to have greater emphasis on 'broader social and cultural situated learning processes'...
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America's Climate Problem: The Way Forward
America's Climate Problem: The Way Forward Robert Repetto London: Earthscan, 2011, 236pp. ISBN 978-1-84971-214-9 (hbk) In this book Repetto argues that the immediate implementation of market mechanisms is the only viable way that the United...
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Education for Sustainability at a Montessori Primary School: From Silos to Systems Thinking
doi10.1017/aee.2013.8 Key Publications Generated The following refereed publications have resulted from the research described in this dissertation: Lewis, E., Nielsen, L., Pearson, J., & Baudains, C.M. (2012). Turtle watch: Enhancing...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, July

Pedagogies of Hope (with Feathers)
At the heart of Issue 1 Volume 28 is pedagogy and hope. It is a reminder of Paulo Freire's 'Pedagogy of Hope: Reliving Pedagogy of the Oppressed'. As Freire eloquently articulates: Without hope, we are hopeless and cannot begin the struggle to ...
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Children and Young People's Experience of the Natural World: Teachers' Perceptions and Observations
In the multifaceted field of environmental education, encounters with nature are often seen as important, as demonstrated by examples from early childhood education (Davis, 2010), primary and secondary school (Ballantyne & Packer, 2009; Martin,...
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Howling about Trophic Cascades
When the wolves move, everything moves. Anonymous tracker to the author. What makes for a healthy ecosystem? Researchers, following evolutionary theory and an agricultural model, have traditionally stressed a bottom-up approach; namely, that...
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'Operation Magpie': Inspiring Teachers' Professional Learning through Environmental Science
Conway (2005, as cited in Dempsey and Arthur-Kelly, 2007) reports that teacher professional learning should not only support teaching and learning activities within a school, but it should also 'enhance teacher skills by addressing the gaps in those...
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Drivers and Blockers: Embedding Education for Sustainability (EfS) in Primary Teacher Education
Contextualising the Research This article presents the results of a mixed methods research project that investigated the current extent of Education for Sustainability (EfS) in primary pre-service teacher education at a university in the Australian...
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Education for Sustainability and Pre-Service Teacher Education
doi10.1017/aee.2012.9 Key Publications Generated The following refereed publications have resulted from the research described in this dissertation: Kennelly, J., Taylor, N., & Serow, P. (2012). Early career primary teachers and education...
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What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know about Capitalism: A Citizen's Guide to Capitalism and the Environment
Authors Fred Magdoff, Professor Emeritus of Plant and Soil Science at the University of Vermont, and John Bellamy Foster, Professor of Sociology at the University of Oregon, make a powerful statement in their latest collaboration, What Every Environmentalist...
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The Limits to Scarcity: Contesting the Politics of Allocation
L. Methta's book, The Limits to Scarcity, provides an opportunity to the reader to understand local and global crises and injustice through the contributions and experiences of different activists, scholars, and researchers. This volume's 14 papers...
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Vol. 27, No. S1, June

Special Issue: The "Ness" of Environmental Education
I came from the dream-time, from the dusty red soil plains I am the ancient heart, the keeper of the flame. I stood upon the rocky shore, I watched the tall ships come. For forty thousand years I've been the first Australian. We are...
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The Australian-Ness of Curriculum Jigsaws: Where Does Environmental Education Fit?
Introduction In recent years there has been growing recognition that action is needed now if Australian society, and global society, is to have a sustainable future. Numerous reports (1) over the past two decades from international and Australian...
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The Distinctive Characteristics of Environmental Education Research in Australia: An Historical and Comparative Analysis
Any story of the history of environmental education research depends on who is doing the telling. Histories are grounded in particular people and places and times, and so not only will a history of environmental education research in Australia have...
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Sense of Place in Australian Environmental Education Research: Distinctive, Missing or Displaced?
Introduction In reflecting on the question of what might be unique or distinctive about Australian environment-related education research, the influence of the uniqueness of the Australian environment first came to mind. Perhaps this was because...
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Talking Up Country: Language, Natureculture and Interculture in Australian Environmental Education Research
Learner, teachers and educational researchers are often constrained--in a whole range of ways--by the dominant discourses ... [which] are often so powerful ... that it can be all but impossible to "step out of the box" ... We would do well to ask ourselves...
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Becoming-Speckled Warbler: Re/creating Australian Natural History Pedagogy
On the Australian-ness of Australian Environmental Education Research When contemplating the Australian-ness of Australian environmental education research, I can not help but think of some pressing environmental issues where I live and work in...
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Goethe's "Delicate Empiricism": Assessing Its Value for Australian Ecologists
Introduction Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), although known primarily as a German poet and playwright, was also a natural scientist. His areas of scientific endeavour were considerable, encompassing colour, anatomy, geology, meteorology...
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Experiencing Beach in Australia: Study Abroad Students' Perspectives
Introduction Outdoor environmental education in Australia has a somewhat confused identity largely due to being an uncritical "set" of sometimes imported and mediated social and cultural constructions (Payne, 2002, p. 5). The enigmatic, sometimes,...
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Environmental Education as the Mountain-Exploring Chinese-Ness of Environmental Education
Introduction It is a ridge when viewed horizontally, or a peak vertically. It is not the same when viewed from afar or nearby, above or below. The true face of Mountain Lu is not known to me, Only because I am in the middle of it. ...
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The Historical, Present and Future Ness of Environmental Education in India
Initial Thoughts and Reactions to the ness of Environmental Education in India Environmental Education (1) in India is strongly influenced by rapid economic developments, and the barrage of environmental issues brought along with it. This article...
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Framework Thinking, Subject Thinking and "Taiwan-Ness" in Environmental Education
Introduction Environmental education has increasingly gained emphasis since the late 1960s in school curricula worldwide. Further, it has been widespread in national educational policies, curriculum documents, curriculum development initiatives,...
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An Australian Story: School Sustainability Education in the Lucky Country
Introduction For many Australians "the lucky country" has become a celebrated phrase used to describe Australia's bountiful natural resources, weather, lifestyle, history, and distance from problems elsewhere in the world. This phrase, though originally...
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A Process for Transition to Sustainability: Implementation
Introduction This paper reports the outcomes of the second of three action cycles of an action research project undertaken at the South West campus of Edith Cowan University (ECU); a small, single faculty, regional campus located in Bunbury, Western...
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As Aussie as Vegemite: Building the Capacity of Sustainability Educators in Australia
Introduction This paper provides an overview of the creation of a national approach to professional development for sustainability educators in Australia--the National Professional Development Initiative for Sustainability Educators (NPDISE)--and...
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Understanding Student Learning in Environmental Education in Aotearoa New Zealand
In the beginning, there was a union between Papatuanuku (the earth mother) and Ranginui (the sky father). They had many children while remaining in an embrace that left the world in darkness. Their children grew frustrated in the dark and conspired...
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Vol. 26, Annual

An "Issue" of Serendipity: The Discourse of Sustainability and Environment (in) Action
ser*en*dip*ity [ser-uh n-dip-i-tee] --noun 1. a propensity for making desirable discoveries by accident. 2. good fortune; chance. What leads someone to take environmental action? And what are the culturally ingrained practices or discourses...
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Beyond Cliche-Reclaiming the Concept of Sustainability
Introduction The issue of sustainability was put on the global agenda at the 1983 World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), chaired by Gro Harlem Brundtland, the former Norwegian Prime Minister. It was a turning point signalling to...
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"I Am Not a Greenie, But": Negotiating a Cultural Discourse
Introduction A decade ago, Whitehouse (2001) published an article in this journal titled '"not Greenies" at school' exploring the discourses of environmental activism in two regional Australian schools. The small study investigated how colloquial...
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Call for Research-The Consuming Child-in-Context in Unhealthy and Unsustainable Times
Orienting the Research--An Interdisciplinary Approach Childhood obesity is a multifaceted health issue. This complexity has been highlighted in current debates that have questioned the use of terms such as epidemic or crisis to describe childhood...
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Exploring the Impact of Integrated Fieldwork, Reflective and Metacognitive Experiences on Student Environmental Learning Outcomes
Introduction Research indicates that the provision of learning experiences in the natural environment is an effective strategy for promoting student environmental learning, which includes the development of environmental knowledge, attitudes and...
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Empowering Students to Act: Learning about, through and from the Nature of Action
Introduction It is often touted that one of the central goals of formal environmental education programmes is to empower students to act in an environmentally responsible manner with the intent of building a sustainable future (United Nations Educational,...
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Intrinsic Changes: Energy Saving Behaviour among Resident University Students
Introduction The environment can be viewed in a number of different ways which are reflected in a diversity of environmental education programs (Sauve & Berryman, 2003). According to Sauve and Berryman (2003) current environmental education...
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Down to the Wire: Confronting Climate Collapse
Down to the Wire: Confronting Climate Collapse. David W. Orr. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009, 261 pp. ISBN: 978-0-19-539353-8 This is, in so many ways, a very important book. Yet, in the mismatch that its pages reveal between its radical...
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Education for Sustainability in the Primary Curriculum: A Guide for Teachers
Education for Sustainability in the Primary Curriculum: A Guide for Teachers. Edited by Michael Littledyke, Neil Taylor & Chris Eames. South Yarra: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, 262 pp. ISBN: 9781420256277. Education for Sustainability (EfS) in...
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Dirty Money-A Research Report on Australian Consumer Attitudes to Global Warming and Environmental Policy
Dirty Money--A Research Report on Australian Consumer Attitudes to Global Warming and Environmental Policy, Commissioned by Neco Holdings, Melbourne, NECO Holdings, 2009, 25 pp. (accessed at http://www.neco.com.au/dirtymoney [August 11, 2010]) Neco...
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Young Children and the Environment: Early Education for Sustainability
Young Children and the Environment: Early Education for Sustainability. Edited by J. M. Davis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 305 pp. ISBN:978-0-521-73612-1 This edited book is welcome because of its focus on early years education and sustainability....
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Vol. 25, Annual

Participation and Participatory Action Research (PAR) in Environmental Education Processes: For What Are People Empowered?
Introduction Action research has an extensive history and its evolution is characterised by several generations of action research. Kemmis and McTaggart (2005, p. 560) identify four generations of action research in relation to education. The first...
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Global Warming Responses at the Primary Secondary Interface 1. Students' Beliefs and Willingness to Act
Introduction Global warming is the major environmental issue of the 21st century; at this stage its effects cannot be removed, only contained (Orr, 2009). Australia, and NSW in particular, has a very high per capita level of greenhouse gas emission,...
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Global Warming Responses at the Primary Secondary Interface 2. Potential Effectiveness of Education
Introduction Global warming is the major environmental crisis facing the world in the 21st Century. Authoritative sources now agree that it is an increasing threat to the world's environmental integrity, its social well-being (IPCC, 1997; 2001,...
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The Impact of AuSSI-WA at a Primary School
Introduction The Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative (AuSSI) encourages schools to take a whole-system, whole-school approach to Education for Sustainability (EfS) (DEWHA, 2009a). This paper outlines findings of the first stage of research...
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Creating Cultural Change in Education: A Proposal for a Continuum for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sustainable Schools Implementation Strategies in Australia
Introduction In questioning the overall effectiveness of environmental education (EE) and education for sustainability (EfS) initiatives in schools, and the apparent glacial pace of educational change to support social transformation, the role of...
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Local Communities and Schools Tackling Sustainability and Climate Change
Introduction Local communities and schools remain key sites for the development and implementation of programs that tackle issues of climate change and sustainability. Despite widespread agreement about the importance of developing environmental...
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Young Children Learning for the Environment: Researching a Forest Adventure
Introduction Education plays a key role in enabling individuals and social groups to act more sustainably (UNESCO, 1977), and to adopt new cultural beliefs which drive those actions for sustainability (UNESCO, 2004; UNEP, 2007). Such education needs...
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Reflections on Pedagogy and Place: A Journey into Learning for Sustainability through Environmental Narrative and Deep Attentive Reflection
Introduction We live in an age where the health of "the environment" has become a central concern and the importance of human connections to "nature" are increasingly seen as critical for personal well-being and for the future health of society...
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Toward a Pedagogy for Australian Natural History: Learning to Read and Learning Content
In the Land of "Scraggy Growths of Prickly Shrubs" In Australia, the relationships between settler society and the land have long been strained. Historian Paul Carter (1987) has argued that the nature of nature in Australia for early European settlers...
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Environmental Education in Small Business: The Owner-Manager's Perspective
Introduction Environmental education began in the early 1960s as a response to concern about environmental degradation and focussed on creating public awareness (Gough, 1997). By 1966, the focus turned to the next generation, with emphasis placed...
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Beyond Lip Service: A Council Approach to Planning for Behaviour Change
Introduction Now that many people, organisations and governments are waking up to the finiteness of the Earth's natural resources and the potential changes caused by global warming, most agree that urgent action is a necessity, and governments and...
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Vol. 24, Annual

A Discussion Paper: The Development of Professional Teacher Standards in Environmental Education
A Move to Teacher Standards in Australia According to Teaching Australia (2007, p. 1), the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership, the development of national professional teacher standards is necessary for three distinct purposes:...
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"EE in Cyberspace, Why Not?" Teaching, Learning and Researching Tertiary Pre-Service and In-Service Teacher Environmental Education Online
Introduction The Tbilisi Declaration proposed for environmental education to be embedded within pre-service teacher education (Fien, 1995) but until recently this has generally been a low priority for teacher education faculties (Tilbury, Coleman...
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A Student Teacher's Personal Pathway to Education for Sustainability
Introduction The literature on education for sustainability (EfS) is replete with descriptions of its invisibility in schools; explanations for this; and proposals to help bring about a socially, economically and ecologically sustainable future...
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From Wilderness to the Educational Heart: A Tasmanian Story of Place
Introduction As the children embark on their self-initiated passage through the wetland, their little bodies are hidden beyond the swaying motions of grass. With adventurous squeals of delight they make their way through the tussocks. Eventually,...
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Community Environmental Education as a Model for Effective Environmental Programmes
The goals and objectives of environmental education, outlined at Tbilisi, are still evident today in numerous international and national policy documents (UNESCOUNEP, 1978; ICUN, UNEP, WWF, 1991; UNCED, 1992; MfE, 1994; UNESCO, 1997; MfE, 1998; United...
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Turn Your Key-Reducing Truck Idling
Introduction By 2020, the total kilometres travelled by Australian vehicles is forecast to rise by 53 billion kilometres (BTRE, 2005), enough to drive to the moon and back 70,000 times. Australian policy makers must be innovative in order to combat...
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Issues in Renewable Energy Education
Introduction The consumption of energy plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the industrialised world. Approximately 80% of the world's total primary energy consumption is accounted for by fossil fuels and this poses a significant...
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Vol. 23, Annual

Education for Sustainability for the K-6 Curriculum: A Unit of Work for Pre-Service Primary Teachers in NSW
Abstract Although the need for education for sustainability in pre-service teacher education is well recognised, little has been published to indicate how this might be incorporated into university courses in Australia. This paper describes one attempt...
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Rock Hopping, Yoga and Student Empowerment: A Case Study of a Sustainable School
Abstract Despite increasing recognition that whole-school approaches to sustainability have an important contribution to make in moving society towards a more sustainable existence, progress in this area remains slow. By examining the practices of...
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Environmental Education in a Culturally Diverse School
Abstract School gardens provide a unique learning environment for English as Second Language (ESL) students; students are able to engage in experiential outdoor learning that will enhance in-class lessons. This study evaluated the effects of school...
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Drama as a Tool in Interpretation: Practitioner Perceptions of Its Strengths & Limitations
Abstract Although environmental and heritage interpretation aims to connect humans with their natural and cultural heritage, and has the potential to contribute to a vision of sustainable living, it often falls short of engaging and inspiring its audiences....
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Planning for Success: Factors Influencing Change in Teacher Education
Abstract Teacher education is widely recognised as a key strategy that is yet to be effectively utilised to embed environmental education and/or education for sustainability in schools. This paper reports on a research study that examined a range of...
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Caring for the Environment: Challenges from Notions of Caring
Abstract In 2003 John Fien presented an argument for environmental education to encompass deep and wide caring for human and nonhuman nature (Fien, 2003). His philosophical discussion of care outlined work by Nel Noddings (1984; 1992). In this paper...
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