Journal of Pan African Studies

A transdisciplinary scholarly journal devoted to an Africological synthesis of African world community studies and research that works to ask questions and seek answers to critical contemporary and historical issues, based on an affirmative African centered logic and language of liberation.

Articles from Vol. 4, No. 4, June

Black No More: Skin Bleaching and the Emergence of New Negro Womanhood Beauty Culture
Introduction Understand, we do not advertise this bleach to make one white. God alone can accomplish this, and it would be miraculous. (1) During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, skin bleaching products and procedures became...
Buying Racial Capital: Skin-Bleaching and Cosmetic Surgery in a Globalized World
A cursory search on any Internet search engine reveals hundreds of skin-lightening (1) websites that provide information for would-be consumers about the "best" skin-lightening products and strategies. Lighterskin.org, whiterskin.com, skinwhitening.org,...
Commentary: On Skin Bleaching and Lightening as Psychological Misorientation Mental Disorder
The purposes of this article are to first establish skin bleaching and lightening behavior (SBSLB) as a mental disorder of the psychological misorientation type and second to integrate it into the Azibo Nosology of mental disorders peculiar to African...
Editorial: Skin Bleaching and Global White Supremacy
This Special Issue of the Journal of Pan African Studies focuses on the practice of skin bleaching--the intentional alteration of one's natural skin color to one relatively, if not substantially lighter in color, through the use of chemical skin lightening...
From Browning to Cake Soap: Popular Debates on Skin Bleaching in the Jamaican Dancehall
Introduction This paper builds on earlier work (Hope 2009) to explore the cultural debates on the pervasive issue of skin 'bleaching' as a component of the quarrels with lighter skin colour vs. darker skin colour in Jamaica. In this instance, the...
Shona Proverbial Implications on Skin Bleaching: Some Philosophical Insights
Introduction This study explores the philosophical implications of skin bleaching by drawing lessons from selected Shona proverbs. For Hamutyinei and Plannger (1988), Shona proverbs demonstrate the Shona people's ability to respond to a variety...
Skin Bleach and Civilization: The Racial Formation of Blackness in 1920s Harlem
Introduction: Neither Simple Nor Sanguine "To absorb a handful of Negroes in America and leave the unbleached millions of Africa in their savage blackness would be to deepen the gulf of racial cleavage as a world problem." (1) These were the words...
Skin Bleaching and Global White Supremacy: By Way of Introduction
If you do not understand White Supremacy--what it is, and how it works--everything else that you understand, will only confuse you. (Fuller, 1969) Introduction The cosmetic use of chemical agents to lighten the complexion of one's skin, also...
The Derogatory Representations of the Skin Bleaching Products Sold in Harlem
Introduction A Detroit public television announcement, aired November 14, 1968, showed a young, worried looking African-American woman staring intently in the mirror, and feverishly applying skin bleaching cream to her black face. The narrator's...
Visual Representations of Feminine Beauty in the Black Press: 1915-1950
Introduction Systems of domination, imperialism, colonialism and racism have manifested themselves in the racialization of African Diasporic communities. Within these systems, racial ideology, central to the justification of slavery in the New World,...
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