Journal of Pan African Studies

A transdisciplinary scholarly journal devoted to an Africological synthesis of African world community studies and research that works to ask questions and seek answers to critical contemporary and historical issues, based on an affirmative African centered logic and language of liberation.

Articles from Vol. 5, No. 1, March

A Black Woman's Search for the Transdisciplinary Applied Social Justice Model: Encounters with Critical Race Feminism, Black Feminism, and Africana Studies
Introduction As a Black woman scholar-activist, I have been looking for justice for a long time. My search has included the academic world of departments and disciplines; the legal world of courtrooms and law classrooms; and my everyday world as...
Access, Quality, and Opportunity: A Case Study of Zambia Open Community Schools (ZOCS)
Community schools and other approaches to Alternative Primary Education or APE have increased access to primary education for underserved populations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America as a major goal of the Education for All (EFA) movement. In Zambia,...
A Culture-Based Design Pedagogy for Nigerian and South African Spatial Forms
Previous authors have discussed non-Western design forms with regards to the significance of integrating global issues, diversity issues in design curricula, and designing in diverse cultural settings. However, there are few studies that examine instructional...
African American Faculty and Administrator Success in the Academy: Career Mentoring and Job Satisfaction at Predominantly White Institutions
The factors that influence success for African American faculty and administrators at Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs) have been scarcely researched. The research which has been conducted has consisted primarily of structured interviews and...
African Culture and the Status of Women: The Yoruba Example
Introduction Discourse on the rights of women in Africa has been a major focus of contemporary scholarship in Africa. Many scholars of feminist studies have been largely unanimous that aspects of African culture are hostile to women, hence the need...
Africans in Arabia Felix: Aksumite Relations with Himyar in the Sixth Century C.E
This dissertation argues that Ethiopia had a greater role in South Arabian history in late pre-Islamic times than scholars have hitherto believed. The two states involved in the power struggle in the southern Red Sea during this period were the Christian...
Black Farmers United: The Struggle against Power and Principalities
Introduction Since Emancipation, Black farmers in America have fought continuously to acquire self-determination of their lives and that of their families via the attainment, retention, and cultivation of farmland. Impressively, by 1920 Black farmers...
Black Fists and Fool's Gold: The 1960s Black Athletic Revolt Reconsidered
This dissertation analyzes the historical, racial, athletic, and social contexts that defined track and field in 1960s America. It is a story about the continuity of protest and civil rights in that sport. My thesis asserts that black athletes in the...
Black Magic Woman: Towards a Theory of Africana Women's Resistance
This study uses African sacred cultures and cosmologies as a framework with which to reveal more about enslaved black women's participation in organized resistance. The Akan diaspora in the Americas provides a uniquely fruitful case study, due to the...
Black Masculinities as Marronage: Claude Mckay's Representation of Black Male Subjectivities in Metropolitan Spaces
This dissertation explores the representation of black masculinities in Claude McKay's novels, Home to Harlem (1928), Banjo (1929) and Banana Bottom (1933). I use the trope of marronage to theorize McKay's representations of black male subjectivities...
Black Megachurch Culture
A review of Black Megachurch Culture: Models for Education and Empowerment by Sandra L. Barnes (New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. 2010. 166 pp., ISBN: 978-1-4331-0908-90) by Eric R. Jackson (jacksoner@nku.edu), Associate Professor of History, Department...
Black Nativism: African American Politics, Nationalism and Citizenship in Baltimore and Philadelphia, 1817 to 1863
This dissertation is a study of free African American politics, in the cities of Baltimore and Philadelphia, between 1817 and 1863. At the heart of this black politics were efforts to assert the right of free African Americans to citizenship in their...
Capturing Democracy: Black Women Activists and the Struggle for Equal Rights, 1920s-1970s
The concept of democracy has served routinely as the topic of intense public and private debate, the catalyst for organized and spontaneous resistance, and the basis of sustained national and international conflict. Seldom have materializations of...
Cheikh Anta Diop: Great African Scholar Revisited
The following (except for minimal editing) originally appeared as 'Obituary: Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986)' in the June 2, 1986 edition of West Africa (pp. 1160-1162) authored by Babacar Sall with translation from Ayi Kwei Armah. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]...
Climatic Change and Female Reproductive Health: The Case of Traditional Medicine in Tanzania
Introduction Traditional medicine technology is the total knowledge and practices, based on observation and practical experience that have been handed down from one generation to another, verbally or in writing and used in diagnosing, preventing...
Detroit Blues Women
"Detroit Blues Women" explores how African American "women's blues" survived the twentieth century relatively unscripted by the image-makers of the male-dominated music industry. In the 1920s, African American blues queens laid out a foundation for...
Economic Mobility and the Transnational Practices of West Africans in Catalonia, Spain
This study investigates the transnational behaviors of Senegalese and Gambian (Senegambian) immigrants in Spain in relation to their employment and immigration status, or economic integration. Contrary to suggestions that transnationalism is a response...
El Despeertar De Las Comunidades Afrocolombianas
A review of El Despeertar de Las Comunidades Afrocolombianas (The Awakening of Afro-Colombian Communities) Jorge E. Porras, PhD (Professor of Spanish Language and Linguistics, Department of Modern Languages, Sonoma State University). Hernandez,...
Engendering Subjectivities: Narratives of African Immigrant Girls in Public High Schools
The goal of this study was to illuminate the educational experiences of one of the least researched immigrant groups - African girls. I relied mainly on narratives of four African immigrant girls in public high schools to elucidate how these girls...
Enhancing the Culture of Reading in Rwanda: Reflections by Students in Tertiary Institutions
Introduction "If you want to hide something to Rwandans, you will only put it in a book. But if you want something to be known, just whisper it to one person ", an adage in Rwanda goes. Voices from various media, academic and political authorities...
Exorcising the Colonial Jinx: Towards Reconciling Diversity and Pedagogy in Zimbabwe's Religious Education Curriculum
Background to the Study The teaching and learning of Religious Education in Zimbabwe has undergone numerous phases and modifications as attested by the ever changing titles of the subject. For example, upon its inception into the formal education...
Female Husbands in Igbo Land: Southeast Nigeria
Introduction The concept of patriarchy is not new. Indeed, it has been an age long defining concept in gender relations the world over. In Africa for instance though cultures that operate matriarchy as a social system abound, its application is...
Freedom Is Indivisible: The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Cold War Politics, and International Liberation Movements
This transnational history analyzes the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), its relationship with international liberation struggles, and the place of Cold War politics in defining civil rights from 1960 through the early 1970s. Most...
From Diop to Asante: Conceptualizing and Contextualizing the Afrocentric Paradigm
Introduction In this article, I provide a conceptual and contextual analysis of the Afrocentric paradigm as postulated from Cheikh Anta Diop to Molefi Kete Asante. Correspondingly, the major question probed is the following: What are the major concepts...
From Strong Black Woman to Womanist: An Afrocentric Approach to Understanding Perspectives of Strengths, Life Experiences, and Coping Mechanisms of Single, African American Custodial Grandmothers
As there is an absent generation of parents due to the current ills of society such as drug and alcohol addictions, the AIDS/HIV epidemic, parental neglect and abandonment, incarcerations, mental illness and the deaths of parents, there will be an...
Gadaa (Oromo Democracy): An Example of Classical African Civilization
Introduction Prior to their colonization during the European Scramble for Africa by the alliance of European imperialism and Ethiopian colonialism (Holcomb and Ibssa, 1990; Jalata, 2005), the Oromo people were independent and organized both culturally...
How African American Teachers' Beliefs about African American Vernacular English Influence Their Teaching
Schools are failing to meet the educational needs of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) speakers. Consequently, the academic achievement of AAVE speakers, and African American students in general, trails that of grade-level peers. Teachers...
In Memory: Eleazu S. Obinna
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Dr. Eleazu S. Obinna was born April 6, 1934 to Mazi and Lolo Obinna in Ogbeke Obibi in Owerri North, Imo State in Nigeria. He attended St. Augustine Catholic School in Ori Obibi and secondary school in Onitsha, Nigeria. Dr....
Interpreting Participation in Resistance: Memories of the Mau Mau War
This dissertation investigates the memories of the people who participated in the Mau Mau "Land and Freedom Army" during the 1950s freedom struggle in Kenya, dubbed the Mau Mau war. The Mau Mau war between Kenyans and the British colonial government...
Kamili Ville: A Community of Urban African Youth's Journey to Self-Love and Liberation
Education in the United States has always been problematic for African children. Before Reconstruction following the Civil War, education was denied to people of color, women, and poor Whites. In the postwar era, education was theoretically made available...
Kusamira Ritual Music and the Social Reproduction of Wellness in Uganda
Ritual healing has fascinated ethnographers and historians for several decades. Over the last twenty-five years, ethnomusicologists have begun to examine the cognitive, performative, and phenomenological aspects of ritual and trance. Based on seventeen...
Lexicological Development of Kalahari Language in the Age of Technology: A Comparative Study of French and Kalabari
Introduction It can be easily observed that, the Kalabari language, like many evolving languages, tends to express technical matter through description or circumlocution, rather than concision which, according to Martins and Vigner (1976) is necessary...
Life Pathways of Haitian-American Young Adults in South Florida
This research examines the life pathways of 1.5 and second generation Haitian immigrants in South Florida. The purpose of the research is to better understand how integration occurs for the children of Haitian immigrants as they transition from adolescence...
Living Politics: Practices and Protests of 'The Poor' in Democratic South Africa
This dissertation examines governance and political mobilization in townships and shack settlements, following the rapid reconfigurations of both state and slum after apartheid, in liberal democratic South Africa. Based in the South African city of...
Messages in the Medium: The Relationships among Black Media Images, Racial Identity, Body Image, and the Racial Socialization of Black Youth
Despite modest research relating racism and media (Tynes & Ward, 2009; Ward, 2004), how Black youth interpret negative stereotype images of Black people promulgated in the media as part of their racial identity and the influence of racial socialization...
Neo-Colonialism: American Foreign Policy and the First Liberian Civil War
Introduction Since the 1970s, Africa has become a caudillo of civil wars. For example, Angola and Mozambique degenerated into civil wars simultaneous with the gaining of independence from Portugal. In the 1980s, new civil wars erupted in various...
Persisting at Predominantly White Institutions: African Caribbean College Students Narrate Their U.S. Academic Experiences and Administrators' Perspectives
Retention and graduation rates for minorities, especially African Americans, tend to be lower than for their White peers. Although much research exists on retention and factors that affect retention of African American students, very little seems to...
Representations of History in African Diasporic Literatures and the Politics of Postmodernism
"Representations of History in African Diasporic Literatures and the Politics of Postmodernism" examines four novels published by African American and African authors in late 1970s and early 1980s. Literary criticism set narrow terms for literary production...
Rethinking Malcolm Means First Learning How to Think: What Was Marable Thinking? and How?
The new book by Manning Marable, "Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention," will help us to get a deeper understanding of Malcolm X and the times we're living in now. This will not be a direct result of what Marable has done, but rather of what needs to happen...
Rethinking Pan-Africanism in the AU (African Union)-Led Regional Integration of Africa: Identity Politics in the Diaspora Involvement, Afro-Arab Relations and Indian Ocean Islands
African regional integration has its ideological roots in Pan-Africanism, which aims for the unity of African states and African people on the continent and in the diaspora. In terms of the institutional development, the formation of the AU in 2003...
Review and Reflections: Music and Dance Traditions of Ghana
Introduction The music of Africa is an oral tradition that has existed since the beginning of time. Any society that is totally dependent upon oral communication for the transmission of its culture between generations is doomed to failure because...
Searching for Knowledge in the Belly of the Beast: Diversity, Social Equity and the African Graduate Student Mother's Experience in Us Higher Education
Diversity has become a buzz word in public discourse and in educational circles. Higher education institutions in the US have increasingly used this word as a cornerstone of their mission statements and have made increasing efforts to attract students...
Skin Bleaching in Jamaica: A Colonial Legacy
Light skin color sits within a space of privilege. While this has global significance and relevance, it is particularly true in Jamaica, a former British colony. The majority of the population is of African descent, yet there is an elevation of Eurocentric...
Soul Generation: Radical Fashion, Beauty, and the Transnational Black Liberation Movement, 1954-1980
Employing the term "soul culture" to describe the hairstyles, clothing, music, and leisure activities of black women coming of age in the 1960s and 70s, this dissertation argues that black women activists in the U.S. and in London used the space of...
The Black College Experience: Immigrant and Native Black Students on Campus
In order to examine the Black college experience, I analyzed data from the University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (n = 51,819) and collected 39 interviews with Black undergraduates at one University of California campus. The prominent...
The Effects of an Africentric Theory, Africentric Counseling Program, and Their Developments with African American College Students
Academic achievement continues to be a concern for many students of African descent in the United States. In addition, there is further concern regarding many of the students' poor psychosocial behaviors. Various dimensions of poor academic achievement...
The Fault Lies Not in Our Starts, but in Our Biographers: Minutes to Midnight, Manning Marable Succumbs
Manning Marable's Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention is the example, unfortunately, of a serious Black Marxist activist-intellectual being seduced by 21st century celebrity academia in the last years of his extraordinarily productive life. Originally...
The Long Wait: African Migrant Communities and the Production of Local Identity in Istanbul, Turkey
For nearly twenty years Turkey has been a transit location for sub-Saharan African migrants traveling to Europe. The majority of African migrants cannot immediately proceed onward to Europe, and spend months or years in Turkey, usually Istanbul, before...
The Price of Adaptation: Hybridization of African Music and Dance from Village to International Stage
Dance companies burgeoned in West Africa following independence from the late 1950s through the 1960s, including the establishment of the Ghana Dance Ensemble (GDE), Le Ballet National du Senegal, and Les Ballets Africains of Guinea. These companies,...
The Second Assassination of Malcolm X: A Critical Review of Manning Marable's Biography
After great anticipation, the long-awaited release of Manning Marable's (1950-2011) biography of Malcolm X (1925-1965) has finally arrived, producing deep disappointment as opposed to critical acclaim. Titled Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention (New York:...
Towards the Development of a Culturally and Contextually Relevant Model of Coping for Low-Income, Urban, African American Youth
Low income, urban African American adolescents are exposed to disproportionately high rates of stressors in their everyday lives (Allison, Burton, Marshall, Perez-Febles, Yarrington, & Kirsh, 1999; Attar, Guerra & Tolan, 1994; Gaylord-Harden,...
"Where the Spirit of the Lord Is, There Is Freedom": Black Spirituality and the Rise of the Antislavery Movement, 1740-1841
This dissertation traces the evolution of black abolitionism in colonial North America and the United States from 1740 to 1841. Focusing primarily on reformers, theologians, and activists, it examines specifically the ways in which spiritual beliefs...
Yoruba Indigenous Knowledges in the African Diaspora: Knowledge, Power and the Politics of Indigenous Spirituality
This study investigates how Yoruba migrants make meaning of Yoruba Indigenous knowledges in the African Diaspora, specifically within the geopolitical space of dominant Canadian culture. This research is informed by the lived experiences of 16 Africans...

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