Cartography and Geographic Information Science

A scholarly journal devoted to extending cartographic methodology. Publishes original research papers on traditional cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), and other digital mapping technologies. Content also includes technical notes, bibliogr

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 3, July

A History of Twentieth-Century American Academic Cartography
Introduction This paper details the history and development of U.S. academic cartography in the twentieth century. Although one can find formal education in cartography dating back to the nineteenth century, including coursework at Princeton...
Allied Military Model Making during World War II
Introduction Use of terrain models to support military operations has a long history and is by no means purely an artifact of the twentieth century. According to Isabell Warmoes (1999), the production of scale models of fortified towns is a European...
American Cartographic Transformations during the Cold War
Cartography, Secrecy, and Power Most of the fundamental technologies of contemporary American cartography were devised in the last half of the twentieth century and shaped by the exigencies and opportunities of the Cold War. The technologies...
American Promotional Road Mapping in the Twentieth Century
Introduction That all maps are rhetorical as well as utilitarian is a familiar, if still contested, idea (Black 1997; Harley 2001; Wood 1992). Recent scholarship (Crampton 1994; Herb 1997; Pickles 1992; Ramaswamy 2001; Schulten 1998; Thongchai...
Cognitive Map-Design Research in the Twentieth Century: Theoretical and Empirical Approaches
"Make me no maps, sir, my head is a map, a map of the whole world" [Henry Fielding 1730, Rape upon Rape, act 2, scene 5] Introduction Cartographers have long realized that maps do not present the world directly and transparently. Maps re-present...
Maps for Ordinary Consumers versus Maps for the Military: Double Standards of Map Accuracy in Soviet Cartography, 1917-1991
Introduction During the Soviet era, only a few official historical overviews of the State Geodetic Service were published to commemorate the anniversaries of the agency; and the later they were produced, the less objective they were. With time,...
The Exploratory Essays Initiative: Background and Overview
This special issue of Cartography and Geographic Information Science (CaGIS) arises out of planning for Volume Six (Cartography in the Twentieth Century) of the History of Cartography, a multi-volume series that has performed a dual role as a reference...
The Historical Role of Photomechanical Techniques in Map Production
Introduction For about a century (from the 1880s until the 1970s), photomechanical production played a significant role in mapmaking. After several decades of initial experimental development in various branches of the graphic arts, photomechanical...
The Impact on Topographic Mapping of Developments in Land and Air Survey: 1900-1939
Introduction The development of techniques for data gathering and their impact on topographic mapping can be divided into four phases. The first phase, before World War I, was characterized by numerous experiments using new techniques, often...
The Politics of the Map in the Early Twentieth Century
Introduction This essay is about the politics of the map in the opening years of the twentieth century. It does not pretend to provide a comprehensive review of mapmaking in this period but considers instead the map as a geopolitical artefact;...
Towards the Automated Map Factory: Early Automation at the U.S. Geological Survey
Introduction This study of cartographic change focuses on the labor process in cartography, specifically the ways in which the automation of cartographic work became a goal and policy at the United States Geological Survey (USGS) after World...