Ecos

A bimonthly scholarly journal that publishes research and issues of sustainability in the environment, industry and community. Focused on Australia and the Asia-Pacific region.

Articles from No. 160, April-May

Australia's Carbon Farming Initiative: A World First
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Australia's agricultural sector generates around 23.7 per cent of national greenhouse gas emissions (including emissions from deforestation for agriculture), but it also offers significant opportunities to reduce or offset...
Can Keeping Native Mammals as Pets Help Conserve Wild Populations?
An estimated 60 per cent of Australian households own a pet, with dogs and cats the companions of choice. A recent study suggests replacing some introduced pets with native mammals could help preserve dwindling populations in the wild. Currently,...
Climate Adaptation: Think Globally, Act Locally
Biologists should not over-commit time and effort in establishing broader climate change links to local ecological impacts, say an international team of United States, Spanish and Australian researchers. Instead, biologists should aim to achieve a...
Climate Change Science: A New Synthesis for Australia
How does today's climate change differ from similar events in the past? What does the best science tell us about where we are heading? And how does research suggest we should respond to the challenges? CSIRO summarises the laatest peer-reviewed research...
'Climate Dogs' Get Science across to Farmers
What do sheep dogs have in common with Victoria's erratic weather? A lot, as farm extension staff at the state's Department of Primary Industries (DPI) discovered when faced with the challenge of communicating climate change science to farmers, many...
Global Energy Savings Begin at Home
As a child, Everald Garner fell in love with Tasmania's wilderness. But since the 1970s, when she first became aware of development impacts, she has been--by her own admission--something of an environmental 'stirrer'. Now living in Nowra, NSW, the...
Growing a Green Fuel Industry in Australia: Can Australia Grow an Economically and Environmentally-Sustainable Biofuels Industry on Waste Biomass?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] With the potential to cushion Australia from the shock of fluctuations in oil prices and fossil fuel availability, a home-grown, waste-fed biofuels market is seen as an environmental opportunity, as well as an economic and...
Indian Ocean Major Carbon Sink Say Expedition Scientists
The Indian Ocean is able to act as a major carbon sink due to its capacity to absorb three times as much atmospheric nitrogen--a key fertiliser for marine plant growth--as the Atlantic. This finding came from the $23 million around-the-world 'Malaspina'...
Moving On: Relocating Species in Response to Climate Change: Global Warming Is Not Just Threatening Biodiversity-It Is Challenging the Way Scientists Think about Conservation. How Can a Species Be Preserved in Situ If Its Habitat May Disappear under Climate Change? Managed Relocation May Preserve Some Species for the Future, but Its Success Will Rely on Good Science and a Sound Risk Assessment
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Time is fast running out for one of Australia's most charismatic marsupials, the threatened mountain pygmy possum (Burramys parvus). This delicate animal is only found within a 3-4 sq km area of the Australian Alps where it...
Online Forecasts Take Guesswork out of Water Management
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A new Seasonal Streamflow Forecasting service, developed by the CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology, is helping reduce the uncertainty faced by Australia's water managers in managing their resource. The availability of...
Recognising Agriculture's Role
There is a wealth of information for you in our penultimate print issue of Ecos. We profile the Australian Government's landmark National Carbon Farming Initiative as it firms up in legislation (Focus, page 18). The scheme will facilitate agricultural...
Returning the Goodness from City to Soil
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Urban communities are refining the age-old technique of composting domestic organic waste to help address the declining fertility of agricultural soils. Each year, every Australian household contributes about a tonne of...
Rising C[O.Sub.2] Plants and Biodiversity
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The prospect of increased atmospheric C[O.sub.2] has long interested biologists, not only because of the potential impacts on plants due to C[O.sub.2]-driven climate change, but because C[O.sub.2] also stimulates plant growth....
Stakeholder Engagement-Applying Insights from Neuroscience
Understanding that neural pathways reflect our experiences, and shape our perception of 'facts', provides valuable insight into how more effective 'stakeholder engagement' can be run. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In 2008, Western Power embarked on...
Towards Baseload Solar Thermal Power
Spain's latest large-scale commercial concentrating solar thermal plants have advanced the generation of solar energy around the dock by using thermal storage. Meanwhile, research continues on the role that concentrating solar thermal plants can play...
Understanding Emotional Responses to Climate Change
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Presentation of the facts and figures about a changing climate, even when flanked by relevant images, for instance, of melting glaciers and drowning submerging islands, has left Australians wondering about who and what to...