Journal of College Reading and Learning

Publication covering education.

Articles

Vol. 46, No. 1, 2016

Retention and Resistance: Writing Instruction and Students Who Leave
Retention and Resistance: Writing Instruction and Students Who Leave, by Pegeen Reichert Powell. Boulder: Utah State University Press, 2014. 134 pp.In an era saturated by news about university budget cuts, the dwindling future of tenure, trends of hiring...
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A Note from the Editorial Team
We are pleased to present the latest issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning. In this issue, you will find four interesting articles that range in focus. From the success of students with particular challenges, such as firstgeneration students...
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Utilizing WAIS Scores to Determine Foreign Language Pathways and Learning Assistance for Students with Learning Disabilities
FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND WAIS SCORESForeign language (FL) requirements at many postsecondary institutions remain a hurdle for many students with learning disabilities (LD) to overcome (Leons, Herbert, & Gobbo, 2009; Scott & Edwards, 2012; Scott &...
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Evidence to Support Peer Tutoring Programs at the Undergraduate Level
Individualized tutoring has become a standard offering in the gamut of programs and services that institutions of higher education offer to help students persist toward graduation. Indeed, numerous articles have been written to provide empirical support...
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Increasing Reading Compliance and Metacognitive Strategies in Border Students
The majority of college courses require textbooks; however, many professors argue that their students never read the course-required textbook (Simpson & Nist, 2002). Because of cost or perceived lack of need for the text, students will often delay...
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Teaching Students How to Self-Regulate Their Online Vocabulary Learning by Using a Structured Think-to-Yourself Procedure
Online learning's rapid proliferation across academic domains and levels has made developing methods to better support students' online learning success a critical educational priority. One area in which the Internet offers great promise is in enhancing...
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Vol. 46, No. 2, 2016

A Note from the Editorial Team
From the editorial team, Nita Meóla and Alison Cooper are proud to present the latest issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning. The collection of articles found in the following pages range from the importance of mentorship support for racial...
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Mentoring Matters: Racial Ethnic Minority Undergraduates' Cultural Fit, Mentorship, and College and Life Satisfaction
The representation of racial and ethnic minority (REM) students in higher education continues to be a considerable concern as universities work toward diversity, inclusion, and equal access. Although racial ethnic minorities show improvement in higher...
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Mnemonic Value of Orthography for Vocabulary Learning in Monolinguals and Language Minority English-Speaking College Students
The population of language minority (LM) learners (August & Shanahan, 2008) in the United States continues to increase each year. LM learners now represent nearly 11.2 million students in U.S. schools (U.S. Department of Education, National Center...
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Development and Validation of the Isakson Survey of Academic Reading Attitudes (ISARA)
The reading habits and abilities of college students are a concern. A senior said this in an oral interview about his college experience:I hate classes with a lot of reading that is tested on. Any class where a teacher is just gonna give us notes and...
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Vol. 45, No. 2, 2015

Investigating the Syllabus as a Defining Document
INVESTIGATING THE SYLLABUS AS A DEFINING DOCUMENTFor college students, the first class session often means a deluge of formal class documents. Generally, college administrators demand, professors provide, and students expect detailed syllabi (Perlman...
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Differential Benefits of Attending Supplemental Instruction for Introductory, Large-Section, University U.S. History Courses
Large-section introductory core courses that have low course success rates can be a major stumbling block for students. It is, therefore, critical to investigate interventions that can help students succeed in these courses. The particular introductory...
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Impact of a Student Success Course on Undergraduate Academic Outcomes
IMPACT OF A STUDENT SUCCESS COURSE ON UNDERGRADUATE OUTCOMESCollege enrollment in the United States is expected to increase at a record-setting pace through fall 2019 (Snyder & Dillow, 2011). President Obama has called for America to have the highest...
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Connected Yet Distracted: Multitasking among College Students
MILLENNIAL MULTITASKING: CONSTANTLY CONNECTED YET DISTRACTEDIn 2009, we published the results of a study in which we examined the impact of Internet and television use on the reading habits and practices of college students in a midsized four-year university...
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A Note from the Editorial Team
In this issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning (JCRL), there is much to learn about research and practice in the field.In "Investigating the Syllabus as a Defining Document," author Joy BowersCampbell challenges the research on the lexicon...
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Vol. 45, No. 1, 2014

Instructions That Enhance Multiple-Text Comprehension for College Readers
INTRODUCTIONSynthesizing ideas across multiple text sources is a commonplace task in both college classrooms and work places. For example, in some advanced undergraduatelevel and in most graduate-level courses, students are expected to review and synthesize...
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Note from the Editorial Team
In this issue of JCRL we present seven articles: five feature articles and two Forum articles from a range of topics germane to developmental education and learning assistance.Our first feature article, "Instructions that Enhance Multiple-Text Comprehension...
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The Use of the LASSI (the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory) to Predict and Evaluate the Study Habits and Academic Performance of Students in a Learning Assistance Program
INTRODUCTIONThe Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI; Weinstein, Palmer, & Schulte, 2002) has been used for many years by The Learning Center (TLC) at Mississippi State University (MSU) to diagnose the study skills of the students taking...
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Using Critical Thinking Rubrics to Increase Academic Performance
INTRODUCTIONWhen it comes to encouraging critical thinking in college students, important questions need to be addressed: Are students striving to become reasonable and reflective thinkers? Are some students focusing only on memorization without a deeper...
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Assessing the Impact of Tutorial Services
INTRODUCTIONMost undergraduate institutions offer tutorial services to improve retention and progression rates among students. This is particularly important in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, in which participation...
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Examining the "Social Turn" in Postsecondary Literacy Research and Instruction: A Retrospective View of JCRL Scholarship, 2005-2013
INTRODUCTIONThe question of how to best teach literacy, perhaps especially with regard to students who struggle with acquiring academic discourses, has been a subject of debate for many years. Recent trends in literacy education have been surveyed by...
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The Common Core Goes to College: The Potential for Disciplinary Literacy Approaches in Developmental Literacy Classes
INTRODUCTIONA report from ACT states that "the clearest differentiation in reading between students who are college-ready and those who are not is the ability to comprehend complex text" (ACT, 2006, p. 25). However, the definition of college readiness...
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Reading Fluency and Comprehension Instruction for Pre-Service Teacher Candidates
INTRODUCTIONLying outside the field's traditional focus on students placed in developmental reading courses is a group of college students who experience reading comprehension difficulty despite having completed the majority of their course-based requirements...
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Vol. 44, No. 2, Spring

Note from the Editorial Team
The Spring 2014 issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning (JCRL) is an exciting one for everyone involved with the Journal. This marks the first issue of our copublishing partnership between the College Reading and Learning Association (CRLA)...
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Integrating Metacognition into a Developmental Reading and Writing Course to Promote Skill Transfer: An Examination of Student Perceptions and Experiences
Increasingly, emphasis is being placed on a college education as a necessity for professional, social, and economic mobility in the United States (Center for Community College Student Engagement, 2012). This emphasis has changed the make-up of much of...
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Tutoring as Transformative Work: A Phenomenological Case Study of Tutors' Experiences
Scholars have noted that both students and tutors can mutually benefit from their interactions (Boquet, 1999). Writing centers are arenas for dynamic and collaborative exchange that is-or should be-an academically enriching experience for both students...
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"How Much Can One Book Do?": Exploring Perceptions of a Common Book Program for First-Year University Students
Diversity and college common book programs (CBPs), also referred to as summer reading programs or freshman reading programs, are a fixture in many postsecondary schools in the United States. A quick internet search will yield hundreds of university and...
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Tutoring Multilingual Students: Shattering the Myths
The increasing linguistic and cultural diversification of North America has resulted in large numbers of multilingual students attending college and university and seeking curricular and extracurricular support with reading and writing (Ruecker, 2011;...
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Vol. 44, No. 1, Fall

Note from the Editorial Team
In this issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning (JCRL), we have a variety of reports that reflect research, principles for policy, and practice in the field.First, the three theory and research feature articles cover some important areas...
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Patterns of Self-Efficacy among College Students in Developmental Reading
Students' self-efficacy, or beliefs regarding their capabilities to be successful with a learning task, predicts how successful they are with the task (Bandura, 1977, 1997; Pajares & Urdan, 2006). Researchers have suggested that self-efficacy beliefs...
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From Research to Practice: A Framework for Contextualizing Teaching and Learning
A commonly cited definition of contextualized teaching and learning is a "diverse family of instructional strategies designed to more seamlessly link the learning of foundational skills and academic or occupational content by focusing teaching and learning...
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Hypertext: Its Nature and Challenges for College Students
Today's college students read or will read academic hypertext in their classes whether they are ready or not. As digitally savvy as these students may be when using social media, browsing favorite web sites, or reading e-text, they may need instructional...
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Developmental Education Policy and Practice: Claiming Our Seat-And Voice-At the Pable
"When all is said and done, faculty . . . must assume primary responsibility for giving scholarship a richer, more vital meaning. Professors are, or should be, keepers of the academic gates. They define curriculum, set standards for graduation, and determine...
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Discussion of the Joint Statement of Core Principles for Transforming Remedial Education
When students are underprepared for the reading, writing, math, and other demands of college, their chances of earning a postsecondary credential decrease dramatically. Sixty percent of students in community colleges take one or more remedial or developmental...
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Assessing the Effectiveness of Tutor Comments in Email Sessions
-Although text-based communication has become the primary way institutions of higher learning deliver and receive information, Hewett (2010) observes that clear communication in text-based, online environments is challenging even for the most experienced...
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Digital Video Cameras, Main Ideas, and Supporting Details: The Process and Potential
Understanding and explaining the relationships between main ideas and supporting details are well-known and necessary processes in transitioning adult learners to college-level literacy abilities (Neufeld, 2005). The use of digital video cameras, which...
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Vol. 43, No. 2, Spring

Note from the Editorial Team
Issues of college preparedness are in the public eye as never before. The various ways in which colleges support students' proficiencies in reading, writing, and math-core areas of developmental education-are enjoying considerable attention. And such...
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A Contextualized Curricular Supplement for Developmental Reading and Writing
The overarching purpose of developmental education is to enable academically underprepared students to benefit from the postsecondary curriculum. An important part of developmental reading and writing education is instruction in the literacy skills needed...
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Representations of the Racialized Experiences of African Americans in Developmental Reading Textbooks
Research indicates that as a result of racial disparities within the educational system, African American college students too often enter college needing additional preparation for academic success (Gay, 2000; Hale, 2001; Moore, 2001; Murrell, 2002;...
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Messages Are Everywhere: Reading Perceptions, Habits, and Preferences of Undergraduates
The study of written language has traditionally included foci such as the evolution of the mechanisms of writing, the media used, the method of text access, the information that is shared, and the individual who is accessing text. Consider the evolution...
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Fiction Reading Strategies of College Readers
It is no secret that many college students lack the reading skills needed for meaningful participation in academic life. In fact, developmental literacy programs are common in U.S. universities (National Governors Association, 2011; Spak, 2011), and...
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Vol. 43, No. 1, Fall

Note from the Editorial Team
In this issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning (JCRL), a recurring theme involves challenging the traditional boundaries of our field.To begin, we would like to introduce a new section of JCRL: the Editor's Interview. This new section is...
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International Perspectives: Developmental Education in South Africa
Eric J. Paulson interviewsMariaan Klopper from North-West University,Potchefstroom,South AfricaMariaan Klopper is in the Institutional Academic Support Services department of North- West University in South Africa. She is the third person in South Africa-...
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Digital Literacies in Multiuser Virtual Environments among College-Level Developmental Readers
Across the nation, estimates show that only one third of students entering U.S. colleges and universities are prepared for college coursework (Greene & Forster, 2003). Unfortunately, these numbers are continuing to rise (Education Commission of the...
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The Effects of Using a Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric to Assess Undergraduate Students' Reading Skills
The search to measure reading achievement has an extensive history. Numerous standardized tests have been developed through the years to identify and measure specific reading skills, and research has been conducted to examine the validity of these tests....
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In Search of the Right Book: Considerations in Common Read Book Selection
College and university adoption and use of books as common reads has increased over the last several years (American Library Association, 2003; Ferguson, 2006). The growing popularity has also brought to light significant variations in how colleges and...
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Navigating the Field of Learning Assistance: An Essay Book Review of Access at the Crossroads
Navigating the Field of Learning Assistance: An Essay Book Review of Access at the CrossroadsThe burgeoning field of learning assistance is emerging as a significant feature of postsecondary education, with practitioners, teachers, stakeholders, and...
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Vol. 42, No. 2, Spring

Note from the Editorial Team
Although this is the first issue of the Journal of College Reading and Learning under the new editorial team, in many ways it represents the fruit of the labors of the previous editor, Diana Calhoun Bell, and her editorial team. Many editorial transition...
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Evaluating the Impact of Supplemental Instruction on Short- and Long-Term Retention of Course Content
Transitioning from high school to college proves difficult for many students (Brinkworth, McCann, Matthews, & Nordstrom, 2009). Students often find themselves illprepared for the academic and social challenges of college, which can increase their...
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An Examination of At-Risk College Freshmen's Expository Literacy Skills Using Interactive Online Writing Activities
There is an ongoing need to create educational settings that address the cognitive, social, and emotional needs of at-risk college freshmen who have limited literacy skills. The need for developmental reading instruction is widespread and affects most...
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The "Mozart Effect" and the Mathematical Connection
Over the last 17 years, researchers have claimed that the "Mozart Effect" accomplished everything from temporary increases in IQ_to creating the mental mechanism needed for infants to develop reasoning and analytical prowess. The term "Mozart Effect"...
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Assessment of Tutoring Laboratories in a Learning Assistance Center
Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, the first Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in the United States, is situated on the East Coast near Philadelphia. The University's Learning Resource Center (LRC) provides individual tutoring, student...
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Midsemester Academic Interventions in a Student-Centered Research University
The University of California-Merced was founded in 2005 with the philosophy of "building a university around students." This institution is one campus of a large, multicampus state university in the Western United States where approximately one half...
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Common Literacy Struggles with College Students: Using the Reciprocal Teaching Technique
The Reciprocal Teaching (RT) technique involves a group effort between instructors and students, and among students with their peers, focused on bringing meaning to text. The RT approach incorporates a variety of strategies to increase comprehension...
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Vol. 42, No. 1, Fall

Service Learning at Community Colleges: Synthesis, Critique, and Recommendations for Future Research
With the exception of the 2008 presidential election that saw the second-largest youth voter turnout in American history (Morgenstern, 2008), the American public has recently demonstrated a decline in civic and social participation. This decline has...
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Evaluating the Study Guide as a Tool for Increasing Students' Accountability for Reading the Textbook
It is generally accepted that textbook reading enhances students' understanding of course material and that the more a student reads, the greater his/her facility with the content will be (Ryan, 2006). Recognizing the importance of textbook reading,...
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Communication Patterns That Define the Role of the University-Level Tutor
Developing as a tutor can be a challenging task. New tutors frequently assume their responsibilities with substantial subject area knowledge, but without a clearly articulated understanding of the role they are to assume (Ellison, 1976; McKellar, 1986)....
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Strengthening College Students' Success through the RAC
Faculty Course Revision ProjectRecent statistics as they relate to literacy in the United States are alarming. Since 1983, more than ten million Americans have reached twelfth grade without having learned to read at a basic level. TWenty-one million...
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The Appreciative Tutor
Maximizing student potential requires explicit (yet flexible) guidelines for tutors and advisors. Many tutors enhance student potential by utilizing an effective process known as the "The Tutoring Cycle, " which promotes content knowledge and facilitates...
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College Student Academic Online Reading: A Review of the Current Literature
Having taught reading to college students for 27 years is amone the hiehliehts of my life. I loved learning about reading theory and practice; I loved teaching students how to read successfully for college courses; and I loved applying what I learned...
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Vol. 41, No. 2, Spring

The Impact of Tutoring on the Academic Success of Undeclared Students
Regardless of university efforts to retain students, nearly half of all students are still failing to graduate from four-year institutions (Dennis, 1998; Fiske, 2004; Lederman, 2009). Data show that the proportion of first year students who returned...
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Teaching Textual Conversations: Intertextuality in the College Reading Classroom
For most first-year students the transition to college is not easy. There are obvious adjustments to be made, socially, culturally, personally, and emotionally. In the midst of all these various types of transitions, most beginning college students also...
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Using an Electronic Highlighter to Eliminate the Negative Effects of Pre-Existing, Inappropriate Highlighting
To be successful, college students must develop effective strategies for reading large amounts of text. Common strategies include underlining or highlighting parts of the text. Such strategies can be effective when the student is able to identify relevant...
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Metadiscourse Awareness and ESAP Comprehension
IntroductionIt is generally believed that reading is the most important language skill for learners in academic contexts (Carrell, 1989; Eskey, 1988; Grabe & Stoller, 2001; Robinson, 1991), especially when English Language Learning (ELL) students...
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Writing and the World of Work: An Integrative Learning Community Model at a Two-Year Institution
Learning communities (LC) continue to gain momentum across university and college campuses as a strategy to address critical issues of college student engagement and persistence (Lardner & Malnarich, 2008). Much of the research has been conducted...
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Adult Learning Theory: Applications to Non-Traditional College Students
IntroductionAlexis graduated from high school but lacked the financial resources to go to college. Instead, she went to work in a local machine shop working on a punch press machine. During the recent recession, her employer went out of business and...
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Vol. 41, No. 1, Fall

Effects of Various Methods of Assigning and Evaluating Required Reading in One General Education Course
Many university general education instructors require their students to complete assigned readings in course texts and materials outside of class. Different approaches to creating these assignments and holding students accountable for them might affect...
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Collaborative Strategic Reading with University EFL Learners
As has often been demonstrated in reading literature, tailoring an effective reading instructional practice is no easy task. Undoubtedly, the difficulty of designing a reading instructional approach is due to such complex and complicated factors as linguistic,...
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Picture a World without Pens, Pencils, and Paper: The Unanticipated Future of Reading and Writing
Pens, Pencils, and Paper Will Soon Be Artifacts of the PastReading and writing have undergone an evolution over a long period of time. A snapshot of several critical events in this history begins 50,000 to 100,000 years ago when our early ancestors created...
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Finding "Sponsorship" in the Academy: Three Case Studies of First-Year Writing Students
Many composition researchers have pointed to the importance of students' deep personal involvement with their writing. Herrington & Curtis (2000), building on Goldblatt's (1995) idea of the "sponsoring institution, " (p. 48), showed students' need...
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Note Launchers: Promoting Active Reading of Mathematics Textbooks
In the past several decades, the teaching of mathematics has been influenced by the constructivist philosophy in which students are challenged to "learn to think mathematically" (Schoenfeld, 2006, p. 334). Part of the process of learning to think mathematically...
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Pedagogy of Inclusion: Integrated Multicultural Instructional Design
Recent research in the U.S. has documented that participating in a diverse learning environment can enhance the educational experience for all postsecondary students and can be related to the development of leadership, critical thinking, and cross-cultural...
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Vol. 40, No. 2, Spring

Academic Support and College Success for Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities
The number of students with learning disabilities who graduate from high school and attend postsecondary education has increased steadily over the past 20 years (Foley, 2006). In 2000, 9% of students attending college reported a disability. Within this...
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Effects of Response Mode and Time Allotment on College Students' Writing
Traditionally, two types of test items have been used in educational assessment: items in which the student selects the correct response from a set (as seen in multiple-choice, truefalse, and matching items) and items in which the student constructs...
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Tutoring Center Effectiveness: The Effect of Drop-In Tutoring
When reviewing the literature on academic support styles, there is considerable evidence for the effectiveness of traditional one-on-one tutoring where a single tutor meets regularly with a single student to improve the learning and understanding of...
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Theory to Practice: Developmental Mathematics Program: A Model for Change
AMAYTYC calls for a standards-based reform movement that parallels that of K-12 mathematics education stemming from the National Council of Tfeachers of Mathematics' (NCTM) Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (2000). Crossroads (1995) was...
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College Students' Beliefs about Comprehension When Reading for Different Purposes
Previous research has shown that college students' cognitive processing of text changes as a function of their purpose for reading (e.g., Brannon, 1998; Linderholm, Cong, & Zhao, 2008; Linderholm & van den Broek, 2002; Lorch, Lorch, & Klusewitz,...
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Metacognitive Reading Strategies Can Improve Self-Regulation
While the number of freshmen entering college requiring developmental reading courses remains high (see NCES report, 2003), there is little research to guide the design and content of such courses so that they are beneficial to students (Grubb, 2001;...
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Vol. 40, No. 1, Fall

Learning Effectiveness of a Strategic Learning Course
Educators attempt to empower learners with self-awareness and strategies for areas of need, which consequently lead to learners' increased reliance on strategic approaches to the process of learning. Learning strategies include procedures for note-taking,...
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Context in an Interdisciplinary Algebra Writing Assignment
Traditional algebraic word problems set mathematical tasks in a terse, minimalist real-world scenario. In contrast, some contemporary curricula embed mathematical investigations in complex, interdisciplinary situations. Students may investigate whether...
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The Assessment of a Tutoring Program to Meet CAS Standards Using a SWOT Analysis and Action Plan
The gold standard of best practices in higher education mandates performing regular self-assessments and using the results to embark on an action plan to improve services and programs. The Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education...
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In Memoriam: Gene Kerstiens
I first met Gene in 1966. It happened when Carroll Edwards, my SRA publishing rep called me to let me know that a reading conference would be taking place at San Bernardino Community College, hosted by Gil Williams, the director of its learning center,...
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Theory to Practice: Vocabulary Instruction in Community College Developmental Education Reading Classes: What the Research Tells Us
A person who knows more words can speak, and even think, more precisely about the world. A person who knows the terms scarlet and crimson and azure and indigo can think about colors in a different way than a person who is limited to red and blue...words...
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Creating a New Professional Association
Continual focus on improving member services is a hallmark of CRLA and NADE. These two associations, along with three others in 2004, conducted a joint strategic review of their organizations and the fields they serve. National leaders were selected...
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In Memoriam: Martha Maxwell
Many newer members of the College Reading and Learning Association (CRLA) may know of Martha Maxwell as a pioneer in the field of learning assistance and developmental education, a champion of students who might otherwise not have had the opportunity...
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In Memoriam: William White
Albert Einstein once said, "Setting an example is not the main means of influencing another; it is the only means." I believe Dr. William (Bill) G. White, Jr. knew this to be true as he sought, through his example, to inspire his students to fulfill...
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Vol. 39, No. 2, Spring

Editorial Comments
As this spring 2009 issue of JCRL goes to press, my term, as editor ends. I want to recognize and thank the stellar team that has published the journal for the past three years. Dr. Beth Moreno and Mr. Ed Fernandez, staff members at the University of...
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Using WebCT as a Supplemental Tool to Enhance Critical Thinking and Engagement among Developmental Reading Students
The motivation behind conducting this research lies within the need to examine further effects of online learning for developmental reading students. To date, only a few researchers have conducted studies in which they have investigated developmental...
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Mapping Strategies
Reading is an essential skill for both educational and professional success; it is the best way of staying in touch with vital new findings and increasing one's academic and professional standing. Moreover, it is an important source of pleasure, both...
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Factors Affecting the Comprehension of Global and Local Main Idea
It is generally agreed by researchers and theorists that the ability to identify and state the main idea is central to meaning construction (Broek, Lynch, Naslund, Ievers-Landis, & Verduin, 2003; Graesser, Pomeroy, & Craig, 2002; Pressley, 1998;...
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The Effect of Audio and Written Teacher Responses on EFL Student Revision
Over the last twenty-five years, the focus of writing instruction has changed from product to process, from seeing students' writing less as a finished product than as a piece of work perfectible through multiple drafting with feedback between drafts...
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Theory to Practice: Building the 21st Century Writing Community
Imagine: It's kind of hot in the small space (it's a South Texas summer, fall or spring, and it's 96 degrees outside) with 25 students jammed around four oval tables in a multitutoring space that generally holds three to four other subject tutors who,...
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Vol. 39, No. 1, Fall

Transformative Teaching in a Developmental Reading Program
Imagine a teacher who thinks and acts as if she is the fount of knowledge. To use a familiar phrase, she is a model knower. This teacher's strongest intelligence is linguistic, and she uses this as her dominant teaching and learning style. Imagine how...
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Effects of a Self-Regulated Learning Course on the Academic Performance and Graduation Rate of College Students in an Academic Support Program
Systematic attempts to help college students complete academic tasks more effectively have existed for decades; Walter Pauk's (1962) landmark book, How to Study in College, was in its eighth edition in 2006. By the 1980s research in cognitive psychology...
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Women in Calculus: The Effects of a Supportive Setting
In the past 2 decades, there has been much concern about the difficulties in retaining women in college-level mathematics and science courses. Teaching at a mid-sized university in the nation's heartland, we are well aware of these trends. Statistics...
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Cyber "Pokes": Motivational Antidote for Developmental College Readers
More than three decades ago, elementary teacher and educational researcher Kay Haugaad (1973) wondered about the power of comics as a motivational panacea that could be bottled and sprinkled around the classroom as needed (cited in Norton, 2003, p. 140)....
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The Effects of a Computerized-Algebra Program on Mathematics Achievement of College and University Freshmen Enrolled in a Developmental Mathematics Course
We face a world in which a college degree increasingly dictates the likelihood of life success. At the same time, there has been an ever increasing population of students who have not been prepared adequately through their high school education to meet...
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