Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 2, June

A Laboratory Investigation of Positive and Negative Affect within Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning Theory
Positive and Negative affect (PNA) were measured within Individual Zone of Optimal Functioning Theory to examine (a) IZOF position and motor task performance, (b) task and optimal PNA associated with performance, (c) actual and recalled optimal PNA,...
Athletic Identity in Marathon Runners: Functional Focus or Dysfunctional Commitment?
Previous research on athletic identity (Brewer Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993; AI) suggests that strong Al may force an athlete to neglect other aspects of life in order to fulfill the athlete role. This project assessed the effect of Al on life priorities...
Exploring the Relationship between Cohesion and Collective Efficacy in Rugby Teams
This exploratory study examined the relationship between perceived cohesion and collective efficacy in rugby teams. Ninety-six athletes from seven rugby union clubs completed Widmeyer, Brawley, and Carron's (1985) Group Environment Questionnaire and...
Older vs. Younger Adult Male Marathon Runners: Participative Motives and Training Habits
Motivations for and training habits used to prepare for running a marathon were compared between older adults, age [geq]50 (N = 104), and younger adults, age 20 - 28 (N = 110). Motivations were assessed using the Motivations of Marathoners Scales...
Performance Emotions in an Elite Archer: A Case Study
The main goal of the investigation was to test predictions derived from the Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning (IZOF) model comprising facilitating and inhibiting emotions. The IZOF model suggests that an athlete is most likely to achieve best...
Spirituality and Being in the Zone in Team Sports: A Relationship?
Students from a non-sectarian, division III college participated in a study to test the relationship between two tests, the Spirituality in Sports Test and the Zone Test. Both tests were shown to have high internal consistency. The validity of the...
The Self-Presentation of Sport Fans: Investigating the Importance of Team Identification and Self-Esteem
The current investigation tested the impact of level of team identification and level of self-esteem on sport fans' self-presentations. Participants were asked to read a description of a fellow student who was described as a die-hard fan of a rival...
Winning Streaks in Sports and the Misperception of Momentum
There is an almost universal belief by athletes, sports fans and media observers that momentum is an important force in sports contests. Terms such as winning streaks, the hot hand in basketball shooting, and batting slumps in baseball are part of...