Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 3, September

Comparative Concurrent Validity of the MRF-L and ARS Competitive State Anxiety Rating Scales for Volleyball and Basketball
Measurement of competitive state anxiety during and before competition has suffered from a number of measurement-related limitations. Martens (1982) and Landers (1980) disagreed on the best way to measure competitive state anxiety. Martens argued that...
Gender Effects in the Evaluation of High School Basketball Officials
The advent of Title IX created a significant increase in the number of opportunities for women to participate in athletics (Durrant, 1992). This legislation provided not only for greater participation for female athletes, but also afforded a greatly...
High-Risk Recreation: The Relationship between Participant Characteristics and Degree of Involvement
While originally thought of as activities suited only for explorers or daredevils, high-risk recreational pursuits are now sought out by millions of people throughout North America and the world (Ewert, 1989). Terms frequently used to describe these...
Mood and Psychological Skills of Elite and Sub-Elite Equestrian Athletes
It is generally accepted that a competitive mindset is advantageous to successfully compete in sports (Gould & Udry, 1994; Morgan, 1984; Orlick & Partington, 1988). Particular areas of investigation have ranged from extensive work in mood states...
Parents as Children's Socializing Agents in Youth Soccer
In the youth sport literature, parental influences and socialization are often noted (Brown, 1985; Brustad, 1992; Higginson, 1985; Lewko & Greendorfer, 1988). Parents may be instrumental in determining children's sport involvement. Parents may...
Perceptions of Momentum in College and High School Basketball: An Exploratory, Case Study Investigation
Despite the popularity and frequency of use of the term "momentum" in sport, it has been described by researchers as an elusive (Burke & Houseworth, 1995) or subjective (Cornelius, Silva, Conroy, & Peterson, 1997) phenomenon. One of the earlier...
Sport Participation: Differences in Motivation and Actual Participation Due to Gender Typing
Sport(1) participation on a regular basis has been shown to have positive effects on physical health (Dishman, 1988; Martin & Dubbert, 1982; Paffenberger & Hyde, 1988; Paffenberger, Hyde, Wing, & Hsieh, 1986; Siscovick, LaPorte, & Newman,...
Team Quality and the Home Advantage
The home advantage in sports refers to the consistency with which home teams win over 50% of the games contested under a balanced home and away schedule (Courneya & Carron, 1992; Schwartz & Barsky, 1977). Research examining a wide range of...
The Role of Dispositional Goal Orientation and Team Climate on Situational Self-Handicapping among Young Athletes
A plethora of sport research has identified heightened social evaluation as a prominent source of stress among athletes (Gould, Jackson, & Finch, 1993; Feltz, Lirgg, & Albrecht, 1992; Stratton, 1995). The normative performance expectations...
Toward a Theory of Sport
The sociology of sport, a relatively new field to sociology, has been in existence long enough to have collected empirical data on a number of propositions between many independent and dependent variables. These propositions are numerous enough so...