Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 1, March

An Investigation of the Different Motivations of Marathon Runners with Varying Degrees of Experience
Many different theoretical perspectives acknowledge that the factors which motivate someone to initiate an activity are often different from the factors which motivate the individual to maintain or continue to engage in the behavior. Researchers in the...
Breaking Birds and Building Bonds: Democratization and Interaction at an Urban Trap Range
This study is intended to illustrate and analyze the dynamics of participation in an urban sport. More specifically, it is aimed at determining whether informal and formal rules structure interaction among trap shooters. Research suggests complex interaction...
Cork! the Effects of Positive and Negative Self-Talk on Dart Throwing Performance
In the applied sport psychology literature, much attention has been focused on the benefits of positive self-talk arid the deleterious effects of negative self-talk (Gould, Hodge, Peterson, & Giannini, 1989; Mahoney & Avener, 1977). Proponents...
Examining Social Loafing among Elite Female Rowers as a Function of Task Duration and Mood
In 1927, a French agricultural engineer named Max Ringelmann found that collective group performance, while increasing group size, resulted in substantially less performance efficiency than the sum of individual efforts (cited by Latane, Williams &...
Manager Coach Mid-Season Replacement and Team Performance in Professional Team Sport
In professional team sport the replacement of leaders (coaches and managers) is a regular and frequent occurrence. Recently, Dodd (1992) reported data on the tenure and frequency of turnover of coaches and managers in professional sport in North America....
Psychological Factors Associated with Overtraining: Implications for Youth Sport Coaches
With an ever-increasing sport conscious society, exercise has become a major industry. Standard daily workouts have led to accelerated training regimens to optimize peak performance Unfortunately, this concept has also enhanced the opportunity for overtraining...
Supporting Audiences and Performance under Pressure: The Home-Ice Disadvantage in Hockey Championships
Baumeister and Steinhilber (1984) recently investigated the effects of audience sympathy on performance under pressure. They tested the hypothesis that supportive audiences would interfere with the execution of skillful responses in important performances....