Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 20, No. 4, December

Actor-Observer Bias and Perceived Sensitivity to Internal and External Factors in Competitive Swimmers
Research into social perception has demonstrated that people are generally inclined to focus on internal attributions when explaining behaviour, although they tend to be more willing to use external attributions when analysing their own behaviour as...
Changes in Exercise Behavior and Exercise Identity Associated with a 14-Week Aerobic Exercise Class
Regular exercise involvement has been associated with a number of positive physiological (Blair, Wells, Weathers, & Paffenbarger, 1994) and psychological (Martinsen & Stephens, 1994) outcomes. Few people, however, are able to fully realize the...
Evolution of Team Sports: A Case Study for National Basketball Association
The enterprise of sports has risen in popularity all over the world and along with it the study of sporting events from various angles. With participation increasing from all quarters of life, cutting across race, gender and other distinguishing human...
Factors and Differential Demographic Effects on Purchases of Season Tickets for Intercollegiate Basketball Games
Athletic programs at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division IA level have been popular for decades. Their reputation for attracting spectators has rivaled and often surpassed that of even professional sports. But in recent years,...
Goal Orientation and Performance in Martial Arts
Interest in two distinct goal orientations, mastery or task orientation and ego or performance orientation, has dominated research on motivation in educational and sports settings (e.g., Dweck & Leggett, 1988; Elliot & Dweck, 1988). Mastery orientation...
Psychological Characteristics of the Telemark Skier
The origins of skiing date back to a time when skis were used primarily as a means of travel, beginning with the earliest migrations of man and continuing into the ninth century (Dudley, 1935). Cross country, or Nordic skiing, originated in the Scandinavian...
Racial Composition of NBA, NFL, and MLB Teams and Racial Composition of Franchise Cities
The founding of the major professional sport leagues of baseball, football, and basketball occupy centrally significant portions of the U.S. sports history. Although their ages vary--baseball is the eldest at nearly 125 years old, basketball is the youngest...
Situational and Intrapersonal Moderators of Sport Competition State Anxiety
In recent years, sport researchers have examined a variety of individual difference and situational variables that may moderate levels of sport competition anxiety (Smith & Smoll, 1990; Vealey, 1990). For example, several researchers have suggested...
Training Levels and Perceived Benefits of Running among Runners Committed to Both Running and Family versus Runners Committed Exclusively to Running
According to Joan Samuelson (1995), "Life is truly a balancing act. In one hand, you hold your running, and in the other, you hold your job, family and other tasks and challenges that you face on a daily basis. For all the things that are important in...