Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 19, No. 4, December

A Computer-Assisted Analysis of Verbal Coaching Behavior in Soccer
The primary purpose of practice in a sport setting is to improve an athlete's performance. Effective coaching instruction is an essential component in this regard and a proficient coach needs a variety of pedagogical skills. These include the planning...
An Older Adult Exercise Status Inventory: Reliability and Validity
The active living patterns of aging adults are of increasing interest as society seeks cost-effective ways to promote the health and life quality of it's oldest citizens (Bouchard, Shephard, & Stephens, 1994). Accurate and easy assessment of the...
Body Mass Index and Athletic Performance in Elite Female Gymnasts
Recently, considerable emphasis has been given in the literature to eating disorders in athletes (Brownell & Rodin, 1992; Thompson & Sherman, 1993). Much of that emphasis has focused on female gymnasts, presumably because the appearance and performance...
Competitive Orientations and Motives of Adult Sport and Exercise Participants
Achievement orientation and participation motivation are popular research areas in sport and exercise psychology, with considerable theoretical and empirical work in the existing literature. Several sport psychology scholars (e.g., Duda, 1992; Gill,...
Implications of Gray's Three Factors Arousal Theory for the Practice of Basketball Free-Throw Shooting
Several recent studies have investigated the characteristics of basketball free-throw shooting under practice and game conditions. Vaughn and Kozar (1994) demonstrated that a significantly higher proportion of free-throw shots are missed in game than...
Learned Helplessness and Basketball Playoff Performance
Research in sports psychology indicates a relationship between anxiety and both the level of competition and the importance of the athletic event. Klavora (1974) observed that state anxiety was lower in preseason practice than prior to competition in...
Predicting Performance from a Triathlon Event
The triathlon is an endurance activity in which participants must compete in three consecutive events (swimming, cycling, and running). The triathlon is not a sport that has a single race distance, though International Triathlon Federations have suggested...