Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 1, March

Assaults on Rugby Union Referees: A Three Union Survey
With only 2 minutes remaining in the 1996 English Rugby Football Union Cup championship match, referee Steve Lander awarded a penalty try to Bath, because Leicester players had been repeatedly offside. Bath scored for a 16-15 victory. When the game...
A Two-Stage Evaluation of a Sport Psychology Internship
Professional accountability and program evaluation have become necessary ingredients for a thorough examination of the impact of applied sport psychology on its clientele (Dishman, 1983; Gould, 1990; Silva, 1989; Smith, 1989; Vealey, 1988; Weinberg,...
Examining Fan Reactions to Game Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study of Social Identity
There has been a variety of research showing that a person's identification with a group can be a very important aspect of their self-concept (e.g., Brewer, 1979; Tajfel & Turner, 1986). Group identification can be so important to some people that...
Gender Differences in Physical Self-Perceptions, Global Self-Esteem and Physical Activity: Evaluation of the Physical Self-Perception Profile Model
Self-esteem has traditionally been considered an indication of mental and social life adjustment and a mediator of behavior (Hatter, 1989; Marsh, 1993). Research has shown that self-esteem is associated with many positive achievements and social-related...
Mapping of Intercollegiate Sports Relative to Selected Attributes as Determined by a Product Differentiation Strategy
Product differentiation is a marketing strategy used to influence consumers of a product's unique value, thereby giving it a competitive advantage over similar products (Porter, 1985). Essentially, a product is seen to have greater value in the eyes...
Picturing Success: Photographs and Stereotyping in Men's Collegiate Basketball
Stereotypes are enmeshed in the tendency to assign membership based on phenotypical characteristics. The most salient identification form using the biological concept of "race" is via a very generalized assessment of skin color (Loring Brace, 1964;...
Repositioning the Home Plate Umpire to Provide Enhanced Perceptual Cues and More Accurate Ball-Strike Judgments
In recent years, sport psychology researchers have given considerable attention to factors affecting the performance of baseball players and umpires. The primary focus of research on umpiring has been the evaluation of the accuracy of the ball and...
Sport Fan Motivation: Questionnaire Validation, Comparisons by Sport, and Relationship to Athletic Motivation
Throughout the last several decades, theorists have attempted to identify the motivations of sport fans and spectators. An examination of this work reveals that there are eight common motives: eustress, self-esteem, escape, entertainment, economic,...
The Nature and Target of Parents' Comments during Youth Sport Competitions
Parents play an important role in determining their children's sport involvement (Smoll, 1993). Indeed, Wood and Abernethy (1991) have reported that parental support can have a positive influence on the experiences of children in sport, yet there are...